5 Defenses Used By Narcissists To Hide Inner, Extreme Fragility

      Despite superficial indicators of the polar opposite, internally narcissists are wracked by intense feelings of self-doubt, inadequacy, vulnerability, fragility, worthlessness and self-loathing; in essence, their internal, camouflaged self is that of a highly anxious, uncertain, frightened and deeply insecure child. And, because it is so painful to live in a state of […]

Narcissism : The Roles Of Nature, Nurture And Culture

To what degree are narcissists created by their genetic inheritance (nature) and to what degree by the environment in which they grow up (nurture)? The Role Of Nature : According to a leading expert in the field of the study of narcissism, Dr Craig Malkin  (Harvard Medical School), author of the fascinating book The Narcissist […]

Types Of Narcissist : Extraverted, Introverted/Covert And Communal

  We have already seen what the effects can be upon the child who is brought up by a parent with a narcissistic personality disorder as well as how some forms of dysfunctional upbringing can put the child him/herself at risk of developing a narcissistic personality disorder. However, some narcissistic individuals are easier to identify than […]

Healthy Narcissism Versus Unhealthy Narcissism (Kohut’s Theory).

  ‘Healthy’ Versus ‘Unhealthy’ Narcissism : We have seen from other articles that I have published on this site that being brought up by a parent or primary caregiver who suffers from a narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) can result in us developing serious psychological difficulties in later life; indeed, this includes increasing our own risk […]

Is Your Mother Self-Absorbed, Lacking In Empathy And Narcissistic?

I have already published several articles on the effects on us of being brought up by a narcissistic parent. In this article, I intend to focus upon the main characteristics that are frequently found in narcissistic mothers. These characteristics are as follows: 1) Self-absorption: she regards her own needs as absolutely paramount which completely take […]

Sadistic-Narcissistic Parents And Their Effects

Sadistic-narcissistic parents need to feel superior to others and maintain power and control over them. In order to achieve this end, s/he is willing to inflict pain upon others, most frequently emotional and psychological pain, but sometimes physical pain too. Sadistic-narcissistic parents will frequently be prepared to inflict such pain on his/her own children in […]

Narcissistic Personality Disorder : Its Link To Childhood Trauma

This article examines the link between narcissistic disorder and childhood trauma. Several of my articles have already looked in some detail at the link between childhood trauma and the subsequent risk of developing a personality disorder (or disorders) if appropriate psychotherapeutic intervention is not sought. Whilst precise mechanisms underlying the link between childhood trauma and subsequent development of […]