‘Upper’ And ‘Lower’ BPD: Kernberg’s Theory

According to Kernberg, the symptoms of BPD can be divided up into four major categories. These categories are as follows:

  • DIFFUSE ANXIETY
  • MULTIPLE PHOBIAS
  • LITTLE CONSTANCY IN SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR
  • IMPULSIVITY OR ADDICTION PROBLEMS OR BOTH

Additionally, Kernberg asserts that those Read the rest

Odd, Quasi-Psychotic And True Psychotic Thinking In BPD Sufferers

A study conducted by Zachirini et al. (2013)investigated the prevalence of disturbed thought in 290 in-patients who had been diagnosed with BPD (borderline personality disorder). The quality of disordered thinking measured in these 290 BPD in-patients was compared to the Read the rest

Childhood Trauma Leading To Psychotic And Immature Defense Mechanisms

 

 

According to the  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the unconscious defence mechanisms we employ to help us deal with stress can be split into four main types; these are :

  • psychotic defence mechanisms.
  • immature defence mechanisms.
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