David Hosier BSc Hons; MSc; PGDE(FAHE)

David Hosier MSc holds two degrees (BSc Hons and MSc) and a post-graduate diploma in education (all three qualifications are in psychology). He also holds UK QTS (Qualified Teacher Status). He has worked as a teacher, lecturer and researcher. His own experiences of severe childhood trauma and its emotional fallout motivated him to set up this website, childhoodtraumarecovery.com, for which he exclusively writes articles. He has written several books on topics related to childhood trauma. He has published several books including The Link Between Childhood Trauma And Borderline Personality Disorder, The Link Between Childhood Trauma ANd Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and  How Childhood Trauma Can Damage The Developing Brain (And How These Effects Can Be Reversed). He was educated at the University of London, Goldsmith’s College where he developed his interest in childhood experiences leading to psychopathology and wrote his thesis on the effects of childhood depression on academic performance. This site has been created for educational purposes only.

Seeing Symptoms Of Complex PTSD As Adaptive Capacities. 

…those who are unaware of the child’s history of trauma or those who are ignorant of the potential effects of severe, protracted, interpersonal childhood trauma may confound matters further still by attaching pejorative labels to the young person (such as a diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder). According to Ford, 2009, symptoms of complex PTSD should …

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What Happens When The Fight Or Flight Response Fail?

When children are suffering from traumatic stress and feel under threat the fight/flight response is activated for reasons of self-defense and self-protection from physical or psychological harm. The fight response may include rage, anger, or physical aggression whereas the flight response may include running away or otherwise trying to physically detach oneself from the source …

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‘Shaking Therapy’ For Reducing Stress Associated With Complex PTSD

We have seen that those who endure protracted childhood trauma are at increased risk of developing psychological and physical problems later in life, including complex post-traumatic). stress (complex PTSD. We have also seen that such individuals are often exquisitely sensitive to any form of stress and frequently stuck in a state of hypervigilance (i.e. constantly …

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The Manipulative Parent

There are many ways in which the manipulative parent may manipulate their offspring, including: emotional blackmail  verbal aggression implicit or explicit threats deceit use of ‘the silent treatment’ control through money or material goods positive reinforcement of behaviour which is damaging to the child coercion behaving in a passive-aggressive manner projection denial of obviously destructive …

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Complex PTSD Characteristics And Dimensions And The Eleven ‘I’S’

  The researchers, Ford and Courtois (2017) have identified eleven characteristics of the very serious condition complex PTSD which can develop as a result of severe, protracted, interpersonal childhood trauma that builds on earlier work by Ford that identified ‘the five ‘I’s’ of complex PTSD by adding six others. These are as follows: Intentional: Complex …

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When ‘Survival Brain’ Replaces ‘Learning Brain’ Due To Childhood Trauma

If we suffer severe, protracted childhood trauma that involved us living in an environment in which we were constantly anticipating danger from an abusive parent or primary carer it is possible that our ‘survival’ brain was so frequently activated that it became dominant at the expense of the development and functioning of the ‘learning’ brain. …

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How Religious Indoctrination In Childhood Can Fuel OCD

THOUGHT-ACTION FUSION   Indoctrinating the child with certain religious beliefs relating to how one should think can provide extremely fertile ground for the development of the obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) due, in part, to a phenomenon known as THOUGHT-ACTION FUSION. The phrase ‘thought-action fusion’ refers to the dysfunctional belief that to merely THINK about doing something …

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A Shattered Sense Of Self Due To Childhood Trauma

Severe, catastrophic, prolonged, and/or repetitive childhood trauma can lead to a shattered, fractured, disintegrated and fragmented sense of self which can manifest itself in various ways including: DAMAGE TO ‘SELF-STRUCTURE’: According to Zepenic (2016), severe trauma can adversely affect what he refers to as the ‘self-structure’ in the following ways: impaired sense of self-cohesion impaired …

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What Is The Difference Between PTSD And Complex PTSD?

Above image: Creative Commons Licence There has been some controversy regarding the difference between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex posttraumatic stress disorder (complex PTSD) amongst researchers and members of the medical profession. During the early 1990s, the psychologist Judith Herman, in her seminal book Trauma And Recovery, noted that individuals who had suffered severe, …

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Childhood Trauma And Complex Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Childhood Trauma And Complex Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Survivors of extreme trauma often suffer persistent anxiety, phobias, panic, depression, identity, and relationship problems Many times, the set of symptoms the individual presents with are not connected to the original trauma by those providing treatment (as certainly was the case for me in the early years of …

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Three Types Of Flashback: Visual, Somatic And Emotional

Sufferers of both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex posttraumatic stress disorder (Complex PTSD) experience terrifying flashbacks. Such flashbacks can be split into three categories as follows: VISUAL FLASHBACKS SOMATIC FLASHBACKS EMOTIONAL FLASHBACKS Below, I briefly describe the form each of these three types of flashback take: VISUAL FLASHBACKS:    As a result of a …

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Is Your Chronic Pain Linked To Muscle Armouring?

      N.B. If you suffer from pain it is important to ensure it does not have a physical cause by consulting an appropriate professional.  One of the hallmarks of complex PTSD is a perpetual feeling of being under threat, stemming from constantly feeling afraid and vulnerable during childhood. This is true even though …

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Odd, Quasi-Psychotic And True Psychotic Thinking In BPD Sufferers

A study conducted by Zachirini et al. (2013)investigated the prevalence of disturbed thought in 290 in-patients who had been diagnosed with BPD (borderline personality disorder). The quality of disordered thinking measured in these 290 BPD in-patients was compared to the quality of disordered thinking measured in 72 non-BPD in-patients who had another (i.e. different) Axis …

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8 Dysfunctional Roles Within The Dysfunctional Family

Within dysfunctional families, according to various psychologists (e.g. Wegscheider-Cruse and Kellogg), each family member develops a dysfunctional role. The number of roles, and how they are defined, varies somewhat but eight roles, representative of those so far proposed, are as follows: THE ENABLER THE DO-ER THE HERO THE MASCOT THE LOST CHILD / LONER THE …

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Being Traumatized ‘Like Having Foot On Brake And Gas At Same Time.’

The traumatized state has been likened to the effects of the simultaneous depression of both a car’s gas pedal (accelerator) and brake. I explain why below: Our physiological state of arousal is determined by the interplay between our sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems and these two systems have the following functions : THE SYMPATHETIC AND …

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Recovery From Childhood Psychological Trauma

Below is a list of useful links to help recover from childhood trauma, including for those who have developed BPD or complex-PTSD. Behavioral Tech: A Linehan Institute Training Company. Here you can learn about scientifically validated treatments for complex and severe mental illnesses. NCTSN The National Child Traumatic Stress Network. The National Child Traumatic Stress …

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Childhood Trauma And ‘Shattered Assumptions’ Theory

One of the major effects of childhood trauma, especially if it has led us, as adults, to develop conditions such as borderline personality disorder or complex posttraumatic stress disorder, is that it can radically alter our most fundamental and core beliefs about how the world and our lives operate. In this way, prolonged and significant …

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Signs An Adult Was Abused As A Child

Signs an adult was abused as a child include the following : 1) DISSOCIATION : Symptoms of dissociation can range from mild to severe: Mild symptoms of dissociation include ‘zoning out’ and feeling in a daze, whereas severe symptoms of dissociation may include amnesia, time loss and feeling out of control.  2) UNSTABLE RELATIONSHIPS WITH …

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Childhood Rejection Leading To Possessive Behavior In Adult Relationships

If we were rejected when we were children by parents / primary carers this can have a profound effect upon our adult, intimate relationships, causing them to be ruined by perpetual, intense fear of losing our partner and re-experiencing the intolerable emotional pain that was generated by our experience of rejection and abandonment when young. …

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Are Adult Borderline Personality Disorder Sufferers Eternal 13-Year-Olds?

The normal development of self involves the following stages. Approximately 6 months: the capacity for self-observation develops Approximately 12 months: the capacity for symbolic thinking becomes well established as does a ‘sense of self’ Approximately 7 to 11 years: the capacity for concrete operational thinking becomes established, as does an intense emotional life. Also, at …

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