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How Childhood Trauma and Genes Interact – Infographic.

child trauma and genes interactionStarting with the top row of the diagram we can see that a person’s genes and childhood environment interact to produce the person’s phenotype (a phenotype refers to the characteristics a person develops as a result of the interaction between his/her genes and environment). The phenotype is also affected (as we can see on the second row) by the degree of stress the person experiences in childhood, but, also, by the amount of social/emotional support s/he receives. For example, high stress and low support would clearly be more likely to lead to high vulnerability (see third row) to psychopathology such as depression, anxiety, PTSD and substance abuse (also shown on third row) and physiopathology such as poor immunity, problems with metabolism and cardiovascular disease (this, too, is represented on the third row).

The combination of factors shown on the diagram then determine how well or badly the individual is able to cope with life in general (represented on the diagram by ‘long-term maladaption/adaption’ on the fourth and final row).

To read my post :’Effects of Childhood Trauma : The Interaction between Nature and Nurture.’ please click here.