Tag Archives: Factors Putting Child’s Mental Health At Risk

Factors That Put The Child’s Mental Health At Risk

child mental health risk factors

factors that put the child's mental health at risk

The Risk And Resilience Model :

According to the Risk And Resilience Model (Pearce , 1993) there exist three categories of factors that put the child’s mental health at risk. These are as follows :

  1. Factors relating to the child’s / young person’s environment
  2. Factors relating to the child’s / young person’s family
  3. Factors relating to the child / young person himself / herself

child mental health risk factors

The List Of Risk Factors (Split Into The Three Categories Given Above) :

Let’s look at each of these three categories of factors in turn :

  1. Factors relating to the child’s / young person’s environment :

These include the following :

  • living in a violent community
  • socioeconomic deprivation
  • living in an environment in which one is discriminated against
  • homelessness
  • living in the environment as a refugee or asylum seeker
  • disaster
  • other significant, adverse life event

 2. Factors relating to the child’s / young person’s family :

    3. Factors relating to the child / young person himself / herself :

  • low I.Q. / learning difficulties
  • genetic influences
  • temperamental difficulties
  • communication difficulties
  • specific developmental delay
  • chronic physical illness
  • gender identity conflict
  • low self-esteem
  • academic failure
  • poor school attendance
  • neurological disorder

Resilience : Factors That Help To Protect A Child / Young Person From Becoming Mentally Ill :

Pearce’s model also includes factors that help to protect a child / young person from becoming mentally ill which he refers to as RESILIENCE FACTORS ; I list these below :

  • social skills
  • self-esteem
  • familial compassion and warmth
  • a stable family environment
  • a skill or talent
  • a social support system that encourages personal development and coping skills

David Hosier BSc Hons; MSc; PGDE(FAHE).

 

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