Tag Archives: Childhood Trauma And Avoidant Personality Disorder

Effects Of Childhood Trauma

effects of childhood trauma

The effects of childhood trauma can be devastating and, in the absence of effective therapy, can last well into adulthood or even for an entire lifetime.

This website contains over 850  articles, all written by psychologist, writer and educator, David Hosier, BSc Hons; MSc; PGDE(FAHE), himself a survivor of childhood trauma, on the effects of childhood trauma and closely related topics.

The most well known study on the effects of childhood trauma is called The ACE Study /Adverse Childhood Experiences Study.

The main findings of this extremely important study were as follows :

Those who experience significant childhood trauma are at increased risk of:

  • And, if you explore this website, you will discover that the above list is far from exhaustive when enumerating the myriad effects of childhood trauma.

What Types Of Childhood Trauma Did The Study Focus Upon?

The study focused upon the following types of childhood trauma :

  • Abuse (emotional, sexual or physical)
  • Living in a household within which a family member who was an alcoholic or drug addict
  • Living in a household within which the mother was physically abused
  • Parental divorce/separation
  • Neglect (emotional or physical)
  • Living in a household in which a family member went to prison
  • Living in a household within which a family member suffered from mental illness

NB The study found that the more of these adverse childhood experiences the child suffered, and the more intense and long lasting they were, the greater the child’s risk of developing the problems listed above.

This website takes the ACE study as its starting point and, if you choose to explore it, you can find a wealth of information about :


RESOURCES :

UNLOVED AS A CHILD? | HYPNOSIS DOWNLOADS  : CLICK HERE

LET GO OF THE PAST | HYPNOSIS DOWNLOADS : CLICK HERE


David Hosier BSc Hons; MSc; PGDE(FAHE).

Childhood Trauma : Avoidant Personality Disorder (AvPD). Part 1.

 

AvPD childhood trauma

If our experiences of relationships in childhood are largely negative and painful, in extreme cases, we may develop social phobia as adults, or, in even more severe cases, avoidant personality disorder (AvPD).

What is AvPD?

APD is similar to generalized social phobia, but of greater intensity. The person who suffers from it tries to avoid social contact due to an underlying fear of being humiliated and rejected.

The Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM), which is a reference manual used by psychiatrists and psychologists to help in the diagnosis of mental disorders, lists the following symptoms of AvPD :

– a pervasive pattern of social inhibition

– feelings of inadequacy

– hypersensitivity to negative evaluation by others

– preoccupied with being criticized and rejected in social situations

– views self as socially inept, personally unappealing and inferior to others

– reluctant to take personal risks or engage in new activities which run the risk of embarrassing self

– avoidance of occupational activities that would involve a significant degree of social contact due to fear of criticism, disapproval or rejection

– reluctance to enter into intimate relationships fear of being shamed or ridiculed

Typically, AvPD starts to develop in early adulthood and it affects both males and females equally. Research by the psychologists Millon and Everly listed the main areas of functioning affected by AvPD in a person as :

BEHAVIOR

SPEECH

INTERPERSONAL CONDUCT

COGNITIVE (THINKING) STYLE

AFFECTIVE (EMOTIONAL) STYLE

SELF-PERCEPTION

Let’s briefly examine each of these areas in turn :

BEHAVIOR : this will usually be withdrawn and wary, sometimes hostility may be displayed towards those who attempt to be friendly. Tendency to reject others before they can reject him/her.

SPEECH : tendency to remain silent in company

INTERPERSONAL CONDUCT : tends to mistrust others which leads to difficulty forming relationships. In the case whereby a relationship is started, the person with AvPD will tend to keep the other person at a distance, be reluctant to share feelings or to become in any other way vulnerable. General avoidance of intimacy.

COGNITIVE STYLE : the term cognitive style here refers to the kinds of thought processes and thought patterns the person with AvPD tends to undergo in social situations. There is a tendency towards excessive monitoring of how others are reacting to him/her, with possible signs of rejection being constantly looked for, to which s/he is highly sensitive – in other words, the person with APD is HYPERVIGILANT for signs of rejection, and, because s/he is also HYPERSENSITIVE to such signs, will often detect them when, objectively, they do not actually exist.

AFFECTIVE STYLE : the term affective style here refers to how the individual with AvPD tends to respond emotionally during social interaction. S/he will tend to show little emotion in such situations due to fear that this will make him/her vulnerable to rejection and humiliation (Kantor et al). To others, the individual with AvPD may appear tense and anxious (Millon et al).

SELF-PERCEPTION : Individuals who suffer from AvPD tend to have low self-esteem, feel inferior to others, feel unworthy of being in a relationship, be extremely self-conscious and lonely. Furthermore, they tend to view any accomplishments they may have to their name as of little or no value (Millon et al).

RESOURCES :

OVERCOME FEAR OF ABANDONMENT MP3 – CLICK HERE

David Hosier BSc Hons; MSc; PGDE(FAHE).

 

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