Emotional Neglect In Childhood Linked To Ecstasy (MDMA) Use

According to research carried out by Ramo et al., (2013), individuals who have experienced childhood emotional neglect, as well as physical neglect and abuse are significantly more likely to become users of ecstasy (MDMA) than those fortunate enough to have experienced relatively stable and loving childhoods. Many users report using ecstasy (MDMA) to reduce feelings …

Therapy For Dissociative Disorder

    Hunter et al. (Institute of Psychiatry, London) has developed a form of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for the condition that treats it in a similar way to how anxiety disorders would be treated. The therapy developed by Hunter and colleagues is centred upon five main interventions. These interventions are as follows: REDUCING AVOIDANCE …

Is Your Predominant Response To Trauma Flooding Or Dissociation?

  We have seen from previous articles that I have published on this site that individuals can physiologically respond to severe and chronic trauma in two opposing manners: by becoming FLOODED (hyper-aroused and over-reactive) or by becoming DISSOCIATED (hypo-aroused and under-reactive). Which Is More Common: Flooding Or Dissociation? A study carried out by Lanius et …

What Is The Difference Between Repression And Dissociation?

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    I have frequently referred to the concepts of DISSOCIATION and REPRESSION on this site as, of course, both are highly relevant to the subject of childhood trauma. But what is the difference between the two? REPRESSION : In terms of psychoanalytic theory (of which Sigmund Freud is considered to be the ‘father’) REPRESSION …

The Different Types Of Dissociative Amnesia In Complex PTSD.

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  We have seen how the cumulative effect of repetitive and chronic, traumatic stress during childhood is associated with the later development of complex posttraumatic stress disorder (complex PTSD) and that many of those afflicted by complex PTSD experience symptoms of dissociation (e,g. Freyd, 1996; Peclovitz et al., 1997). [Click here to read my previously …

Hyperarousal And Zoning Out: 2 Opposite Child Responses To Stress

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When, as children, we are subjected to trauma, stress, fear, and even terror, our nervous systems may respond in two, diametrically, opposed ways. Both these responses, however, have evolved to serve the same purposes: THOSE OF SELF – PROTECTION AND SELF – PRESERVATION. Both, too, involve biochemical changes in the brain (in particular the regions …

Often In A ‘Trance’? Tonic Immobility: A Response To Childhood Trauma

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What Is The Tonic Immobility Response? Our stress responses are the legacy of millions of years of evolution – evolution turns us (and all living courses) into ‘survival machines’ and our stress response (when working correctly) is a vital element in our survival ‘tool kit’. Most of us are familiar with the stress response known …

Always ‘Zoning Out’? : Dissociative Disorder Explained.

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    Those of us who experienced significant childhood trauma are at a far higher risk of developing the psychiatric condition known as DISSOCIATIVE DISORDER in adulthood than are the rest of the population. Unfortunately, however, it often goes unidentified as it can, not infrequently, be misdiagnosed (most commonly as depression). Not least because the …

Fight, Flight, Freeze or Fawn? Trauma Responses

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Most of us are already familiar with the concept of the ‘fight or flight’ response to perceived danger, namely that when presented with a threat our bodies respond by preparing us to fight against it or run from it. This response served our ancestors if they came face-to-face with a dangerous predator or encountered a …

Childhood Trauma, Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Dissociation.

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Childhood Trauma, Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Dissociation. I have previously published articles on this site articles explaining the connection between childhood trauma and borderline personality disorder (BPD). An important symptom of BPD is DISSOCIATION, which this article will examine in greater detail. Dissociation is generally considered to be a COPING MECHANISM in response to severe …