Category Archives: With Audio

Techniques (Evidence-Based) For Reducing Negative Thoughts.


evidence based techniques to reduce negative thoughts

We have seen that if we suffered significant, recurring trauma as children, we are put at increased risk of developing depression as adults (see the DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY section of this site which contains many articles about the link between childhood trauma and depression). One of the hallmarks of depression is, of course, NEGATIVE THINKING.

Fortunately, however, much scientific research Read the rest

Complex PTSD Risk Factors

child abuse ptsd

What Are The Factors That Put Us At Risk Of Complex PTSD?

We have seen from other articles published on this site that if we have experienced significant and protracted trauma in childhood, we are at risk of developing complex PTSD as adults. However, there are many different factors at play which help to determine whether or not we actually … Read the rest

BPD And Algopsychalia


For several years, unremittingly, I was in a constant state of intense psychological torment. I realize this sounds melodramatic or exaggerated. It isn’t. In fact, no words can fully convey the intensity of the mental anguish from which I suffered.

I would complain to others I had a ‘terrible pain in my head’, neither physical nor solely mental, but some … Read the rest

Why Is Physical Illness More Common In PTSD Sufferers?

If we have suffered from significant childhood trauma leading to the development of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in our adult lives this also puts us at increased risk of developing various unpleasant physical symptoms. This is because the trauma has had chemical effects in our brain (leading to our PTSD) which can have knock-on adverse effects upon our body. … Read the rest

Horowitz’s Information Processing Theory, Flashbacks And Nightmares

Information processing theory

According to the psychological researcher Horowitz, some symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be understood more clearly with reference to what he termed Information Processing Theory.

What Is Information Processing Theory And How Does It Relate To Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?

Horowitz suggests that if we undergo a very traumatic experience, such as significant and chronic childhood trauma, we Read the rest

Learning To Trust Again After Childhood Betrayal


If we suffered parental abuse during our childhood, this clearly equates to a serious betrayal. Being betrayed by one’s parents is particularly devastating as parents are the very people who are responsible for our psychological welfare and are supposed to protect us.

This is why parental betrayal can so profoundly alter our view of the world and of those whom Read the rest

Why Parents May Ignore Their Child’s Mental Illness

childhood mental illness

I have written elsewhere on this site that I suffered an alarming array of blatant psychological problems as a child, so will not repeat myself here. However, despite my youthful self displaying all the signs of incipient mental illness, these signs failed to motivate my parents into sending me for psychiatric assessment, let alone treatment.

Indeed, I was into my … Read the rest