What Does Evolutionary Theory Predict About Step-Parents?

Evolutionary theory predicts that, on average, the more closely someone is genetically related to us, the better we will treat them (i.e. we will be more inclined to divert resources, energy, etc. to them for their benefit and at a cost to ourselves). For example, the theory predicts an individual will act more selflessly towards […]

Emotional Neglect In Childhood Linked To Ecstasy (MDMA) Use

According to research carried out by Ramo et al., (2013), individuals who have experienced childhood emotional neglect, as well as physical neglect and abuse are significantly more likely to become users of ecstasy (MDMA) than those fortunate enough to have experienced relatively stable and loving childhoods. Many users report using ecstasy (MDMA) to reduce feelings […]

8 Dysfunctional Roles Within The Dysfunctional Family

Within dysfunctional families, according to various psychologists (e.g. Wegscheider-Cruse and Kellogg), each family member develops a dysfunctional role. The number of roles, and how they are defined, varies somewhat but eight roles, representative of those so far proposed, are as follows: THE ENABLER THE DO-ER THE HERO THE MASCOT THE LOST CHILD / LONER THE […]

Did Your Dysfunctional Family Make You The ‘Identified Patient’?

‘ The person [in the family] who gets diagnosed is part of a wider network of extremely disturbed and disturbing patterns of communication’ R.D. Laing BATESON PROJECT : It has been theorized (originally in the 1950s as part of the Bateson Project, led by Gregory Bateson), that in many dysfunctional families an individual within the […]