DEPRESSION

Nine Strategies That Help To Increase Emotional Stabilty

Severe and protracted childhood trauma can lead to diagnoses later in life of complex PTSD and borderline personality disorder. there is a very large overlap between these two conditions and a major symptom of both can be extreme emotional over-reactivity (referred to by psychologists and psychiatrists as emotional lability). Both conditions are so serious that …

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Metacognitive Therapy For Borderline Personality Disorder And Other Conditions

931-word article METACOGNITIVE THERAPY (MCT) Metacognitive therapy (MCT) was developed by Dr. Adrian Wells and Dr. Gerald Matthews in the early 1990s.  It shares elements in common with but is distinct from, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). The main difference is that whilst CBT concentrates upon the negative CONTENT of a person’s thoughts and strives to alter that …

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Cognitive Behavioral Hypnotherapy Audios For Relief Of Mental Pain

My Personal Experience Of Pain: The pain I experienced was not wholly physical or wholly mental but something in between. This is perhaps not surprising as both physical and mental pain are processed by the same brain regions, so emotional and physical pain are closely interrelated.  Maddeningly, such pain is extremely difficult to articulate. So, …

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Does Dwelling On Past Worsen Depression Linked To Childhood Trauma?

604 word article A study (Wang et al.) published in the Journal Of Psychiatric Research has found that symptoms of clinical depression (also referred to as major depressive disorder, abbreviated to MDD) are exacerbated in those who have suffered childhood trauma but only if they also have a tendency to dwell on the past at …

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Some Effects Of Childhood Trauma May Render Antidepressants Unhelpful

Over the years I have more or less been prescribed every antidepressant known to mankind without the merest hint of benefit although I have not been untouched by their possible adverse side-effects such as vivid nightmares and insomnia (I suffer both of these anyway, but some anti-depressants, I think, have worsened them). However, the beneficial …

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The Antilibidinal Ego: Self-Protection Following Trauma

If as a child we suffer severe interpersonal trauma in the form of rejection by a primary-carer or similar experience,  a part of us may ‘split off’ (dissociate) and act as our protector in order to prevent us from becoming the victim of yet further psychological damage. Fairbairn referred to this dissociated part of ourselves …

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Emotional Neglect In Childhood Linked To Ecstasy (MDMA) Use

According to research carried out by Ramo et al., (2013), individuals who have experienced childhood emotional neglect, as well as physical neglect and abuse are significantly more likely to become users of ecstasy (MDMA) than those fortunate enough to have experienced relatively stable and loving childhoods. Many users report using ecstasy (MDMA) to reduce feelings …

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Depression: Components Of The Mental Pain Experienced By Sufferers

We have seen from numerous other articles that I’ve published on this site that if we experienced severe and chronic interpersonal childhood trauma we are, as adults, at an elevated risk of developing clinical depression (as well as a plethora of other psychiatric and, indeed, physical conditions). We have also seen that, if we are …

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‘Psychache’ And Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

Shneidman coined the term ‘PSYCHACHE‘ and he used the word to refer to unbearable mental pain, inner torment and turmoil. He theorized that this terrible mental pain was caused by: unmet psychological needs (see ‘UNMET CORE NEEDS’ below). and a combination of various negative emotions (including guilt, fear, helplessness and loneliness) to form a GENERALIZED …

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Possible Effects Of Maternal Depression On Infants’ Cognitive, Social And Emotional Development

Mothers suffering from serious depression are less likely than non-depressed mothers to interact with their infants in joyful, stimulating and positive ways. Instead, they are more likely to demonstrate negative moods around their infants, to exhibit more anxiety, sadness and agitation, to be less playful, to smile and laugh less, to frown more, to lack …

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Unable To Live In The Present? Therapy And Dual Awareness Can Help

    Many people who have suffered severe and protracted childhood trauma and, as a result, go on to develop complex posttraumatic stress disorder or related conditions often feel permanently stuck in the past and unable to live in the present. Indeed, the past may seem more real and substantial than the present – in …

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Why Are Girls More Likely To Report Suffering Depression Than Boys?

Research shows that during adolescence girls are more likely to experience depression than are boys (this difference between males and females is also reflected in the adult population). Why should this disparity between the genders exist? INTERNALIZATION VERSUS EXTERNALIZATION : According to Daniel Freeman (a psychiatrist at the University of London) and Jason Freeman (his …

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Childhood Trauma, The Hippocampus, Depression And Neurogenesis.

Childhood Trauma Can Harm Brain And Increase Risk Of Depression. However, The Good News Is The Brain Can Recover. This Article Explains How. When we are at our most depressed, we may look at (as others perceive it) a beautiful sunset and derive no more pleasure from it than we would from looking at a …

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How We Develop A Depressive Thinking Style As Children : The 3P Theory.

According to Martin Seligman, an expert in Positive Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, one of the main processes by which we develop a depressive thinking style as children is by a tendency to explain negative events as : PERMANENT (i.e. not something that is transient and will pass). PERVASIVE (i.e. generalizing. For example, failing …

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Depression : Anger Towards Parents Turned Inward?

656-word article“ “Anger is an acid that can do more harm to the vessel in which it is stored than to anything on which it is poured.” ― Mark Twain The idea that depression is the result of our anger towards others (such as our parents) who have hurt and betrayed us being turned inwards towards …

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Depression, Thinking Styles And Hypnotherapy

We have seen from other articles published on this site that those who have experienced severe and protracted childhood trauma are, as adults, at an elevated risk of suffering from depression. We have also seen how hypnotherapy can benefit trauma survivors (in fact, research has shown that those suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are, …

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How Trauma, Learned Helplessness And Genes Are Linked To Depression

  3562 word article THIS ARTICLE CONSIDERS THE ROLE OF CHILDHOOD TRAUMA, GENES, LEARNED HELPLESSNESS, AND LIFE EVENTS RELATE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF CLINICAL DEPRESSION AND HOW BEHAVIORAL ACTIVATION CAN HELP A study of 238 young people between the ages of 15 and 18 years conducted at Cambridge University, U.K., focused on investigating how GENES …

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Childhood Trauma Increases The Risk Of Postpartum Depression

  A study conducted by Choi et al., (2017) suggests that women who have suffered from traumatic childhoods are at higher risk than average of suffering from postpartum depression. What Is Postpartum Depression? Postpartum depression (also called postnatal depression) is a sub-type of depression which occurs within twelve months of the baby’s birth and affects …

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Psychotic Depression, Schizophrenia And Childhood Trauma Subtypes

As we have seen from other articles I have published on this site, childhood trauma can be split into 4 main subtypes: emotional abuse, sexual abuse, physical abuse and neglect. In this article, I briefly describe some of the main research findings in regard to the association between childhood trauma and the risk of suffering …

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Childhood Psychological Trauma Can Lead To Brain Inflammation

It has recently been discovered that chronic, unpredictable, psychological stress in early life can lead to inflammation in the brain. This has come as something of a surprise to many researchers as it had previously been believed by most of those working in this recondite field of neurology that such inflammation of the brain had …

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