Category Archives: Complex Ptsd / Ptsd

Does Betrayal Trauma Increase Risk Of ADHD?

 

Betrayal trauma is a term which comes from betrayal trauma theory which was developed by Freyd (1994). Essentially, an individual may experience betrayal trauma when betrayed by a person to whom s/he is very close and upon whom the Read the rest

Trauma Involving Betrayal More Likely To Lead To BPD And PTSD

We have seen from numerous other articles that I have published on this site that those of us who experienced severe and protracted childhood trauma are at a highly increased risk of being diagnosed with borderline personality disorder and/or PTSD Read the rest

Betrayal Trauma Theory And ‘Betrayal Blindness’.

 

As Bowlby emphasized, the child is profoundly dependent upon a reliable and secure attachment with his/her parent/primary carer for his/her physical and psychological health; indeed, throughout human evolutionary history, such a protective relationship has been crucial to the child’s Read the rest

Childhood Trauma And Complex Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Childhood Trauma And Complex Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Survivors of extreme trauma often suffer persistent anxiety, phobias, panic, depression, identity and relationship problems Many times, the set of symptoms the individual presents with are not connected to the original trauma by Read the rest

Study On Effects Of Trauma Of 9/11 On Children Directly Exposed To The Tragedy

Whilst there has been a lot of research conducted upon the psychological and physiological effects of the 9/11 tragedy on adults, far less has been conducted on children who witnessed that appalling tragedy. However, researchers at Columbia University have helped Read the rest

Unwanted: Effects Of Being Born To A Mother Denied Abortion.

What are the effects on the child of being born unwanted because his/her mother wanted an abortion but was prevented from having one? A Czechoslovakian study, known as The Prague Study, spanning over thirty years and involving 220 children was … Read the rest

Dysfunctional Tension Reduction Activities Complex PTSD and BPD Sufferers May Use

 

One of the hallmarks of both complex PTSD and borderline persona; disorder (BPD) is a feeling of constant anxiety, agitation and apprehensiveness, As a result of feeling trapped and imprisoned in this distressing state, individuals become desperate to escape Read the rest

Three Types Of Flashback: Visual, Somatic And Emotional

 

Sufferers of both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex posttraumatic stress disorder (Complex PTSD) experience terrifying flashbacks.

Such flashbacks can be split into three categories as follows:

  • VISUAL FLASHBACKS
  • SOMATIC FLASHBACKS
  • EMOTIONAL FLASHBACKS

Below, I briefly describe the form Read the rest

Repressed Memories Of Childhood Trauma And State-Dependent Learning

 

According to MEMORY REPRESSION THEORY, (a theory that originates from the work of Sigmund Freud and more likely, today, to be described as memories made inaccessible due to DISSOCIATIVE AMNESIA) some memories of childhood trauma in some individuals are Read the rest

Complex PTSD, Muscle Armouring And Physical Pain.


One of the hallmarks of complex PTSD is a perpetual feeling of being under threat, stemming from constantly feeling afraid and vulnerable during childhood. This is true even though the threatening circumstances of our childhood have long since past and, Read the rest

Desperation To Escape Mental Anguish Caused By Childhood Trauma

Extreme Mental Pain

We have seen in other articles that I have previously published on this site that, if we have suffered severe and long-lasting childhood trauma, and, in particular, were brought up by parents who were emotionally disconnected from Read the rest

Eight Psychoneurotic Dimensions Of Complex PTSD


Complex PTSD can develop in individuals who have experienced protracted and severe interpersonal trauma (parents/primary caregivers) at critical stages in their psychological development whilst growing up. As the name of the condition suggests, both its causes and effects are highly Read the rest

Vital Importance Of Parental Response To Child’s Traumatic Experience.

Above: It is vital parents validate their children’s feelings in relation to traumatic experiences. (Image licensed by Shuttlestock).

When the child experiences trauma, the response of the parent or primary caregiver is, of course, of vital importance to how the Read the rest

3 Types Of Childhood Stress : Positive, Tolerable And Toxic

 

Stress can be defined as ‘a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or demanding circumstances’ and is, of course, an inevitable part of life. Whilst we often complain about stress due to the Read the rest

Childhood Trauma Can Make Us Terrified Of Accepting Love In Adulthood.

 

 

It is well documented that severe and protracted childhood trauma greatly increases our risk of experiencing relationship difficulties in our adult lives. In some cases, this can result in fear, or even terror, of close, loving relationships in Read the rest

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