What Are The Main Symptoms Of Complex PTSD?

Complex PTSD: There has been some controversy regarding the difference between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD amongst researchers. During the early 1990s, the psychologist Judith Herman noted that individuals who had suffered severe, long-lasting, interpersonal trauma, ESPECIALLY IN EARLY LIFE, were frequently suffering from symptoms such as the following: – disturbance in their view […]

Childhood Trauma And Memory – Why Some Remember, Others Forget

As humans, we have a natural, psychological defence mechanism which allows us to disconnect our conscious awareness from experiences which would be too emotionally disturbing for us to allow them access to our consciousness. This process is termed ‘DISSOCIATION‘ by psychologists. The process of dissociation, in relation to the experience of severe trauma, can happen: […]

Constant Feelings of Threat/Paranoia And Their Link To Childhood Trauma

  If we felt frequently threatened as young children, and this occurred over a significant period of time, it is not at all improbable that THE DEVELOPMENT OF OUR NERVOUS SYSTEM WAS ADVERSELY AFFECTED.   Our nervous system is involved with our physiological response to stress and, in the situation described above, it can become ‘stuck’ […]

Always ‘Zoning Out’? : Dissociative Disorder Explained.

    Those of us who experienced significant childhood trauma are at a far higher risk of developing the psychiatric condition known as DISSOCIATIVE DISORDER in adulthood than are the rest of the population. Unfortunately, however, it often goes unidentified as it can, not infrequently, be misdiagnosed (most commonly as depression). Not least because the […]

Insomnia More Common in Childhood Trauma Survivors

I have already published on this site a great many articles about how those of us who have suffered significant childhood trauma are at considerably higher risk of suffering from psychiatric conditions, as adults than average. One such condition is that we tend to be far more prone to developing what psychologists term ‘hypervigilance’ (partly […]

Why Can Effects Of Childhood Trauma Be Delayed?

Delayed onset post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which can occur as a result of a severely disrupted childhood, is defined by the DSM (Diagnostic Statistical Manual) as PTSD which develops at least six months after the traumatic event/s; however, PTSD can take much longer than this to manifest itself. One reason why PTSD may not become […]

Childhood Trauma : Reactions to Trauma According to Age

Trauma affects children in different ways depending upon the age group they fall into. In this article, I will look at how 3 different age groups may be affected. These are : – very young children (0-3 years) – young children (4-11 years) – adolescents VERY YOUNG CHILDREN: it is a myth that just because […]

BPD and the Science Behind Self-Harming Behavior

Those who sought to stigmatize the very serious and distressing psychological condition known as borderline personality disorder, or BPD, used to like (and perhaps still do) to put forward the theory that self-harming behaviour in those suffering from BPD is ‘merely attention-seeking’ (ridiculous when one considers the stark and brutal fact that one in ten […]

Factors that Influence the Severity of Effects of Child Abuse

    The degree to which a person who suffers abuse during childhood is damaged by the experience will depend upon a number of different factors. Those who research such factors have split them into two groups : 1) RISK FACTORS – these are factors connected to the abuse that are likely to increase the emotional […]

Repressed Memories : The Need for Further Research

  The concept of repressed memories was made popular by Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939) who hypothesized that traumatic memories could be buried deep in the unconscious without conscious access for long periods of time and that this caused his patients’ mental distress and neurotic symptoms. He also put forward the view that it was […]

Metacognitive Therapy For Borderline Personality Disorder And Other Conditions

  METACOGNITIVE THERAPY (MCT) Metacognitive therapy (MCT) was developed by Dr Adrian Wells and Dr Gerald Matthews in the early 1990s.  It shares elements in common with, but is distinct from, cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT). The main difference is that whilst CBT concentrates upon the negative CONTENT of a person’s thoughts and strives to alter that content, […]