Did Your Parent Only Show Love When You Were Sad, Upset Or Ill?

According to the interpersonal psychotherapist Lorna Smith Benjamin (born 1934 and renowned for her innovative therapy for working with clients suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) and other personality disorders who have proved treatment-resistant in relation to more traditional types of therapy), families in which children develop borderline personality disorder (BPD) later in life commonly […]

Evolutionary Model for Personality Disorders

We have seen that severe and protracted childhood, interpersonal trauma can increase our risk of developing various personality disorders as adults (with borderline personality disorder, or BPD, having received the most interest from researchers). Personality disorders are (in theory, at least) diagnosed by looking at a variety of an individual’s personality traits and determining if […]

Having Borderline Personality Disorder Hurts : Psychogenic Pain And BPD

We have seen from other articles that I have already published on this site that many professionals who work within the field of mental health consider borderline personality disorder (BPD) to be the most psychologically and emotionally painful psychiatric condition there is. On top of this terrible mental suffering, many individuals with BPD also must […]

BPD Sufferers And Difficulties Getting Adequate Professional Help

A recent study carried out by Proctor et al., 2020, has produced further evidence that BPD sufferers frequently find it highly problematic gaining access to effective treatment such as dialectical behaviour therapy, or DBT. (In relation to this problem, you may wish to read my previously published articles: How  Malignant Alienation May Impoverish Care BPD […]

BPD Sufferers’ ‘Faster Time Perception Linked To Impulsivity.’

  A study conducted by Berlin et al., 2004, found that individuals suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) appear to perceive the passing of time as faster than non-BPD individuals. The BPD sufferers in the study all self-harmed (an impulsive behaviour). TIME PERCEPTION Participants in the study were asked to estimate how long each of […]

Depression: Components Of The Mental Pain Experienced By Sufferers

We have seen from numerous other articles that I’ve published on this site that if we experienced severe and chronic interpersonal childhood trauma we are, as adults, at an elevated risk of developing clinical depression (as well as a plethora of other psychiatric and, indeed, physical conditions). We have also seen that, if we are […]

Can Someone Suffer From More Than One Personality Disorder?

The short answer is yes. We have seen from numerous other articles that I have previously published on this site that those who have been unfortunate enough to have suffered severe, protracted, interpersonal childhood trauma are at increased risk of being diagnosed with a personality disorder in adult life. But how many personality disorders can […]

‘Psychache’ And Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

Shneidman coined the term ‘PSYCHACHE‘ and he used the word to refer to unbearable mental pain, inner torment and turmoil. He theorized that this terrible mental pain was caused by: unmet psychological needs (see ‘UNMET CORE NEEDS’ below). and a combination of various negative emotions (including guilt, fear, helplessness and loneliness) to form a GENERALIZED […]

A Study Into The Terrible Mental Pain Experienced By BPD SUfferers.

A large majority of borderline personality disorder (BPD) suffer at least one episode of major depression during their lifetime. However, does the kind of mental pain experienced by those with suffering from BPD and depressive disorder differ from the kind of mental pain experienced by those suffering from depressive disorder only (i.e. without co-existing BPD)? […]

Unable To Live In The Present? Therapy And Dual Awareness Can Help

    Many people who have suffered severe and protracted childhood trauma and, as a result, go on to develop complex posttraumatic stress disorder or related conditions often feel permanently stuck in the past and unable to live in the present. Indeed, the past may seem more real and substantial than the present – in […]

Labelling People As Having BPD May Adversely Affect Their Treatment

Aaron Beck (American psychiatrist and professor emeritus, University of Pennsylvania) describes two therapists talking: ‘I’m having trouble with my patient with personality disorder.’ ‘How do you know they have personality disorder?’ ”Because I’m having trouble with them.’ The above tautological, verbal exchange, whilst it may  (or may not) be apocryphal, succinctly reflects how many individuals […]

How Borderline Personality Disorder Symptoms Reinforce Each Other

How Borderline Personality Symptoms Reinforce Each Other. One of the greatest difficulties of managing borderline personality disorder (BPD) is that the symptoms it creates tend to feed off, and intensify, each other; often this will end in a crisis point at which the affected individual will become suicidal and/or require hospitalization. Until the disorder is […]

BPD Link To Mothers Who Fluctuate Between Nurturing And Abusive Behaviour

  As we have seen from other articles that I have published on this site, individuals who have been diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (a very serious psychiatric disorder strongly associated with severe and protracted childhood trauma) have a strong tendency to see others and ‘black and white’ terms or as ‘all good’ and ‘all […]

A Shattered Sense Of Self Due To Childhood Trauma

Severe, catastrophic, prolonged and/or repetitive childhood trauma can lead to a shattered, fractured, disintegrated and fragmented sense of self which can manifest itself in various ways including: DAMAGE TO ‘SELF-STRUCTURE’: According to Zepenic (2016), severe trauma can adversely affect what he refers to as the ‘self-structure’ in the following ways: impaired sense of self-cohesion impaired […]