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What Is A Healthy Personality?

In a recently published research paper in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Bleidorn, et al. (2018) attempt to define a healthy personality by naming ten key characteristics that contribute to it.   The ten characteristics, or, as psychologists refer to them, personality traits, were identified by consulting leading personality researchers to describe their …

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The Importance Of Treating Childhood Trauma In Psychotic Patients.

Until relatively recently it was believed by most theorists that psychosis and, in particular, schizophrenia were degenerative, biological diseases. This implied that the prognosis for those suffering from the disorder was poor.   However, research is increasingly providing a body of evidence that psychotic conditions are frequently linked to environmental factors, including a highly disturbed …

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Automatic Thoughts, System 1 And 2 Reasoning And Childhood Trauma

Yohen et al.,at the University of Istanbul in Turkey (2017), carried out a study involving 1000 undergraduates to see if those who had suffered childhood trauma were more likely to experience automatic thoughts than those who had not. The data was collected using the CHILDHOOD TRAUMA QUESTIONNAIRE and the AUTOMATIC THOUGHTS QUESTIONNAIRE.   It was …

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Negative Experiences Of Partners And Relatives Living With A Narcissist

A study carried out by Day et al. (2021) examined how participants (made up of partners, former partners, and family members of narcissists reported their observations of the behaviors of the narcissist in relation to: Abusiveness Management of financial affairs Sexual attitudes and behaviors Idealization and devaluation It was found that: Approximately 43 percent had …

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Are BPD And Complex PTSD Equally Linked To Childhood Trauma

It is known that borderline personality disorder (BPD) is strongly associated with childhood trauma (although it continues to be argued about to what degree) but, unlike complex PTSD, the fact that it is linked to trauma is not explicit in its name. Instead, the label borderline personality disorder implies (insultingly) that it is not a …

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Different BPD Symptoms Linked To Different Areas Of Brain Activation

We know that severe and protracted childhood trauma can damage the way in which various brain regions develop. Studies also show that there is a strong association between childhood trauma and the later development of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and we shouldn’t be surprised, therefore, that research has shown that borderline personality disorder(BPD) sufferers can …

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BPD, Self Harm, Harm To Others And Hallucinations: A Study

It has been known for some time that some of those suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD), a very serious condition strongly associated with childhood trauma, may sometimes experience hallucinations, particularly at times of high stress. Hallucinations can be visual (seeing things that aren’t there), auditory (hearing things that aren’t there), tactile (feeling things that …

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Mental Pain And What Experts Say About Dealing With It

LONG ARTICLE: 3798 words    MY PERSONAL EXPERIENCE OF MENTAL PAIN   For several years, unremittingly, I was in a constant state of intense psychological torment. I realize this sounds melodramatic or exaggerated. It isn’t. In fact, no words can fully convey the intensity of the mental anguish from which I suffered. I would complain …

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Depression, Mental Pain, Suicide And Associated Brain Regions

We have seen that those who suffer severe and protracted childhood trauma are at increased risk of suffering from depression in adulthood. We know that depression can lead to physical pain but it can also lead to excruciating emotional pain. One such type of emotional pain was described by Eisenberger and  Lieberman (2005) as ‘social …

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Overbreathing Plays Havoc With Anxiety Levels And Other Problems

We have seen from other posts that I have published on this site that those affected by significant childhood trauma are at increased risk of developing anxiety disorders as adults which frequently involve hypervigilance and hyperventilation (being stuck in ‘fight/flight’ mode. In this post, I want to focus on hyperventilation and the myriad unpleasant symptoms …

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Stress Generation, Emotional Abuse And Recurrent Depression.

The chances of major depressive disorders recurring In mental healthcare settings are 60% after 5 years, 67% after 10 years, and 85% after 15 years. In contrast, in the general population, the chances of a recurrence of the disorder drop to 35% after 15 years. Factors that increase the risk of recurrence include the prevalence …

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Childhood Trauma And Compulsive Skin Picking (Excoriation)

By about the age of ten or eleven the toxically stressful environment in which I was living, which 3 years earlier had led my school to believe I’d gone deaf due to my periods of dissociation, I developed another symptom of anxiety in the form of obsessive skin-picking (also known as dermatillomania). As both my …

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Biomedical Model Of Mental Illness Increases Discrimination

If we have a diagnosable mental illness, do you think that others are more likely to discriminate against us if they believe our illness is due to genes/brain chemical imbalances (as the biomedical model of mental illness purports) or if they believe it is due to our childhood adverse experiences and stressful environment? well, proponents …

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CBD May Help Regulate Emotions And Reduce Social Anxiety

Cannabidiol, or CBD, makes up approximately 20-40% of cannabis but, by itself, it is not psychoactive or intoxicating and does not make people ‘high.’ Also, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) it is not detrimental to health and does not create a dependency. WHO states:  “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any …

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Repairing The Traumatized Brain: The Staircase Metaphor

Over the centuries various metaphors have been used to help explain the brain and its functioning. These metaphors have tended to reflect the most advanced technology that had been created at the time such as springs and levers, steam engines, and, most recently, computers. Another recent way of describing the brain was by splitting it …

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Trauma Symptoms Are Normal Reactions To Abnormal Events. 

Whilst until fairly recently most therapists believed that in order to overcome the trauma we experienced as children and to recover the most important thing was to have our traumatic experiences validated by an enlightened witness and to relive them in a safe environment with an emotional supportive therapist, there is a growing school of …

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Improved Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) Procedure

  What Is Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation? : Transcranial magnetic stimulation is normally abbreviated as TMS. Essentially, this treatment works by delivering short pulses of magnetic energy (which are generated by a handheld device that contains an electromagnetic coil) to specific brain regions. It is a non-physically invasive therapy and the smallish, relatively simple device is …

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