Study Suggests Emotional Abuse And Neglect Most Directly Linked To BPD

A recent study carried out at Manchester University analyzed data obtained from a number of previous studies (42 studies in all involving over 5000 participants) on how childhood trauma affects mental health (this type of study is known as a meta-analysis). The study found that: 71.1 %of individuals who had received a diagnosis of borderline …

What Types Of Trauma Cause The Greatest Psychological Damage To A person?

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Whether or not an event is ‘traumatic’ depends upon the individual’s subjective experience. What one individual may find traumatizing, another may not. Furthermore, two individuals traumatized by the same event/experience may be traumatized by different aspects of the experience as well as in different ways. If a person is traumatized by an excessively stressful event …

Does Betrayal Trauma Increase Risk Of ADHD?

  Betrayal trauma is a term which comes from betrayal trauma theory which was developed by Freyd (1994). Essentially, an individual may experience betrayal trauma when betrayed by a person to whom s/he is very close and upon whom the individual depends for their safety, security and survival and with whom there had been a …

Trauma Involving Betrayal More Likely To Lead To BPD And PTSD

We have seen from numerous other articles that I have published on this site that those of us who experienced severe and protracted childhood trauma are at a highly increased risk of being diagnosed with borderline personality disorder and/or PTSD in adulthood than the average person. However, research suggests that trauma involving a high degree …

Betrayal Trauma Theory And ‘Betrayal Blindness’.

As Bowlby emphasized, the child is profoundly dependent upon a reliable and secure attachment with his/her parent/primary carer for his/her physical and psychological health; indeed, throughout human evolutionary history, such a protective relationship has been crucial to the child’s chances of survival A child is at risk of being severely traumatized when the parent or …

Learning To Trust Again After Childhood Betrayal By Parents

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  When I was about nine or ten years old, about two years after my parents had divorced and I was still living with my mother, she met a man called Iain McDonald at a singles’ bar and soon afterwards invited him to move in with us (‘us’ being myself, my brother, who is three …