Category Archives: Anxiety

‘Distress Intolerance’ : Do Your Feelings Sometimes Feel Unbearable?

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Reducing Hyperarousal Caused By Childhood Trauma



We have seen that the experience of severe childhood trauma can lead to severe symptoms hyperarousal in adult life due to damage incurred to the development of the brain’s limbic system. Below I provide some definitions of hyperarousal:Read the rest

Why We May Severely Over-react To Minor Stressors.


Why do people overreact?

We have seen from previous articles that I have posted on this site that, if we suffered chronic stress during our childhood, our ability to deal with stress as adults can be drastically diminished, making it difficult to cope Read the rest

Anxiety: Personality Characteristics Which May Intensify It.


We have seen from several articles that I have already published on this site that if we have suffered significant childhood trauma we are at increased risk of suffering from crippling anxiety conditions in our adult lives.

Such anxiety Read the rest

Childhood Trauma Increases Risk Of Night Terrors And Sleep Paralysis

Many studies have shown that the more severe and protracted our experience of childhood trauma, the more likely we are to suffer from serious sleep problems in adult life, including nightmares, night terrors, sleep apnea and insomnia. Sleep difficulties are Read the rest

Possible Life-Long Effects Of Toxic Stress On The Child.

We have been programmed by evolution to have physical responses to perceived dangers and threats. These evolved to prepare our ancestors for ‘fight or flight’, when, for example, they were being stalked by a predator. The bodily responses we Read the rest

Have Effects Of Trauma Made You Afraid Of Going To Sleep?


Are You Afraid Of Going To Sleep?

My so-called ‘sleep’ (it’s stretching things to dignify it with that word, actually, even in inverted commas), in the past, has been appalling: it would take me at least three hours to Read the rest

Childhood Trauma Leading To Adult Paranoia


If we suffered from childhood trauma, particularly if, as a child, we felt frequently persecuted, then, all else being equal, we are more likely to develop symptoms of paranoia in our adult lives than those who were fortunate enough Read the rest

Panic Attacks and The ‘Suffocation Alarm System.’

I have already written extensively about the connection between the experience of childhood trauma and the consequential development of anxiety disorders later in life.

One type of anxiety disorder that can be particularly incapacitating is called PANIC DISORDER.

Panic disorder Read the rest

Hadephobia – The Irrational Fear of Hell Usually Stems From Childhood.


HADEPHOBIA, also known as stygiophobia, is the intense, chronic, irrational fear of ‘hell’ and that one may be ‘sent there.’ It is serious enough to disrupt day to day functioning and significantly reduce the quality of life.

Typically, the Read the rest

Fear of Death Stemming from Childhood Trauma


The fear of death is common but can be particularly acute if one has experienced certain kinds of childhood trauma. The acute fear of death (which can be obsessional and greatly impair day-to-day functioning) is also known by two other Read the rest

Do You Feel Constantly Frightened and Under Threat?


One of the symptoms we can manifest as adults if we have experienced significant childhood trauma is a feeling of being constantly under threat. Psychologists call this a ‘sense of current threat’ and it is one of the hallmarks Read the rest

Insomnia More Common in Childhood Trauma Survivors

I have already published on this site a great many articles about how those of us who have suffered significant childhood trauma are at considerably higher risk of suffering from psychiatric conditions, as adults than average. One such condition is Read the rest

Fight, Flight, Freeze or Fawn? Trauma Responses

Most of us are already familiar with the concept of the ‘fight or flight’ response to perceived danger, namely that when presented with a threat our bodies respond by preparing us to fight against it or run from it. This Read the rest

Metacognitive Therapy For Borderline Personality Disorder And Other Conditions



Metacognitive therapy (MCT) was developed by Dr Adrian Wells and Dr Gerald Matthews in the early 1990s.  It shares elements in common with, but is distinct from, cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT).

The main difference is that whilst Read the rest

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