New Study About Which Intense Emotions BPD Sufferers Experience Most

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INTENSE EMOTIONS, TRIGGERS, AND RESPONSES IN INDIVIDUALS WITH BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER (BPD).

A study conducted by Cardona et al.(2021) involved eight people who had been diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) who were monitored (the participants recorded their emotional experiences in a diary). over a period of twelve weeks in order to determine.

  • What types of intense emotions they experienced over that time
  • What triggered these emotions.
  • How the participants responded to these emotional experiences.  These responses were split into five categories which I list below:

EMOTIONAL RESPONSES:

1) Tried to push their feelings away

2) Enmeshed and intertwined themselves further with the emotion they were experiencing (e.g. if they were angry, by listening to angry music or venting)

3) Reacted impulsively (e.g. shopping, self-harm, aggression, substance misuse)

4) Responded by trying to problem-solve (e.g. asking for assistance and advice

5) Allowed the emotion to be present and waited to react (e.g. gathered further information about the situation related to their feelings prior to responding.

WHICH EMOTIONS DID THE EIGHT INDIVIDUALS WITH BPD EXPERIENCE MOST FREQUENTLY?

In order of frequency (starting with the emotion most frequently experienced), the emotions the participants in the study experienced were:

  1. ANXIETY
  2. SADNESS
  3. ANGER
  4. GUILT/SHAME

 

WHICH EVENTS WERE MOST LIKELY TO TRIGGER EMOTIONAL REACTIONS?

Events that were found to be most frequently responsible for triggering emotional reactions in the participants were as follows:

 

WHAT WERE THE MOST FREQUENT RESPONSES TO INTENSE EMOTIONAL REACTIONS?

The ways in which the individuals with BPD responded to their intense emotions, in order of frequency,  were as follows:

  • PROBLEM-SOLVING (especially in response to anxiety)
  • DELIBERATE AVOIDANCE (especially in response to sadness).
  • MINDFUL ACCEPTANCE
  • AMPLIFICATION
  • IMPULSIVITY

 

RESOURCE:

CONTROL YOUR EMOTIONS| SELF HYPNOSIS DOWNLOADS

 

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REFERENCE:

Cardona, N. D., Southward, M. W., Furbish, K., Comeau, A., & Sauer-Zavala, S. (2021). Nomothetic and idiographic patterns of responses to emotions in borderline personality disorder. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 12(4), 354–364. https://doi.org/10.1037/per0000465

 

David Hosier BSc Hons; MSc; PGDE(FAHE)