Do Gay People Have More Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)?

A study conducted by Anderson and Blosnich (2013) was carried out in order to investigate whether or not gay and bisexual individuals had, on average, experienced more adverse childhood experiences than their heterosexual counterparts. Before we look at the study, it is worth very briefly reminding ourselves of the most well-known study on the effects …

The Link Between BPD And Pace-Of-Life-Syndrome (PoLS)

Research by Otto et al., 2021) suggests that borderline personality disorder represents a fast ‘Pace-of-Life-Syndrome (PoLS). To explain what is meant by this, it is first necessary to explain ‘Life History Theory’ in relation to elucidating mental illness. ‘Life History Theory’ is an evolutionary theory that is increasingly being used to help explain symptoms of …

The Science Behind How Exercise Reduces Anxiety

  It is becoming increasingly well known how the body is intrinsically connected to symptoms of PTSD and complex PTSD, and, accordingly, the vital role of physical therapies in helping to ameliorate these conditions. Indeed, in the UK, more and more doctors are prescribing interventions such as free gym memberships in order to help treat …

Desperate Measures: Pseudo-Seizures, Polysurgery And Double-Doctoring

Very frequently those suffering complex PTSD have been extremely badly cared for or have been seriously psychologically harmed by those who were supposed to care for them. This, not surprisingly, can lead to a desperate and overwhelming need to be cared for as an adult. Tragically, though, such help is very often extremely hard to …

Rapper Talks About How Making Music Has Reduced His BPD Symptoms

A rapper from Bristol, Wayne Webster, has recently been reported by the BBC as explaining how music has helped him deal with his BPD and stopped him from harming himself. The rapper stated that by the age of 28 he realized ‘something wasn’t right’ with him and that he was not only hurting himself but …

Crucial Features Of Psychoeducation For Sufferers Of Complex PTSD

Psychoeducation is a vital part of treatment for those suffering from complex PTSD and includes many vital elements and I briefly outline the main ones below: The patient/client should be provided with an understanding of what is meant by the terms ‘trauma’ and ‘complex trauma’ including their symptoms. The patient/client should also be helped to …

BPD Mothers’ Unrealistic Needs And Resulting Resentment Of Children

It is well known that those suffering from BPD find it very hard to maintain healthy relationships with others and this includes relationships with their own children. Why is this? Mothers with BPD are very likely indeed to have many unmet needs deriving from their own traumatic childhoods which, in turn, can act as an …

REM Sleep Behaviour Disorder, Somniloquy And Childhood Trauma

I have recently had to contact my doctor as I have been abruptly waking up in the night to find I am thrashing about which has resulted in me knocking things off my bedside table (such as my lamp and radio), screaming out, shouting, and even falling out of bed (or some combination of these). …

Complex PTSD Characteristics And Dimensions And The Eleven ‘I’S’

The researchers Ford and Courtois (2017) have identified eleven characteristics of the very serious condition complex PTSD which can develop as a result of severe, protracted, interpersonal childhood trauma that builds on earlier work by Ford that identified ‘the five ‘I’s’ of complex PTSD by adding six others. These are as follows: Intentional: Complex PTSD …

When ‘Survival Brain’ Replaces ‘Learning Brain’ Due To Childhood Trauma

If we suffer severe, protracted childhood trauma that involved us living in an environment in which we were constantly anticipating danger from an abusive parent or primary carer it is possible that our ‘survival’ brain was so frequently activated that it became dominant at the expense of the development and functioning of the ‘learning’ brain. …

Do BPD Sufferers And Psychopaths Have Things In Common?

In the U.S. has been estimated that up to 30 % of those in prison suffer from borderline personality disorder (BPD) compared to 1-2% in the general population, about 20% in psychiatric institutions.and about 10% of psychiatric outpatients.(American Psychiatric Association). Given the disproportionate number of individuals with BPD in prison, it seems reasonable to ask …

‘Making A Monster’: The Effects Of The Childhood Of Rose West

A documentary called ‘Making A Monster’ recently aired on Channel 5 and involved various experts trying to assess to what degree to which the childhoods of some of the world’s worst criminals contributed to them carrying out their terrible acts. Serial killer Rose West, who carried out her profoundly distressing and utterly appalling crimes (these …

Is Your Attachment Style Preoccupied, Dismissing or Fearful?

According to Bowlby, if we bonded with our mother or primary carer in infanthood/early childhood in a healthy way so that strong bonds of love and trust developed between us then we, as adults, will develop a SECURE ATTACHMENT STYLE. However, if the reverse is true, Bowlby suggested that we are far more likely to …

Did Your Parents Only Show You Concern Once You Were Broken?

Did your parents only show you a semblance of warmth and concern when you were needy, submissive, dependent, and emotionally broken yet become distant, cold, and dismissive if anything went well for you or you showed signs of carving out some degree of independence? According to Lorna Smith Benjamin, author of the book Interpersonal Diagnosis …

The Search For Mother Or Father Figures Resulting From Childhood Trauma

The experience of chronic and severe childhood trauma can result in profound emotional hurt being inflicted upon our ‘inner child.’ The term ‘inner child, according to the Merriam-Webster dictionary is: .’the childlike usually hidden part of a person’s personality that is characterized by playfulness, spontaneity, and creativity usually accompanied by anger, hurt, and fear attributable …

Why Traditional Discipline Strategies May Fail With Traumatized Children

It is normal for children who have been severely traumatized over a protracted period to externalize and act out their inner psychological pain and such behaviour can be due to damage done to their neurological (brain) development by having been exposed to chronic, toxic levels as stress (see the ACE Study for examples of Adverse …

The Dangers Of Early Onset BPD, Risk Factors And Treatments

Many clinicians are reluctant to diagnose BPD in young people due to a variety of reasons including the fact that their personalities and their brains themselves are still developing (the human brain is not fully developed until about the age of 25 years) and, sadly, the stigma that is still attached to a diagnosis of …

Recovery From BPD And The Importance Of Insight

Borderline personality disorder can lead to people acting in alarmingly dysfunctional ways, both to the detriment of their own lives and of those around them. however, the good news is that many sufferers can and do recover. There are many factors that aid such recovery including the love and support of those close to the …

How Religious Indoctrination In Childhood Can Fuel OCD

Indoctrinating the child with certain religious beliefs relating to how one should think can provide extremely fertile ground for the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) due, in part, to a phenomenon known as THOUGHT-ACTION FUSION. The phrase ‘thought-action fusion’ refers to the dysfunctional belief that to merely THINK about doing something unacceptable is as morally …

Some Effects Of Childhood Trauma May Render Antidepressants Unhelpful

Over the years I have more or less been prescribed every antidepressant known to mankind without the merest hint of benefit although I have not been untouched by their possible adverse side-effects such as vivid nightmares and insomnia (I suffer both of these anyway, but some anti-depressants, I think, have worsened them). However, the beneficial …