BPD Sufferers May Avoid ‘Mentalising’ Due To Parental Rejection

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Peter Fonagy, an internationally renowned clinical psychologist, psychoanalyst and expert in borderline psychopathology and early attachment relationships, and who has produced some of the most influential work relating to this field, has stressed the importance of MENTALISING (or, more precisely, the avoidance of it) in relation to borderline personality disorder (BPD). What Is Meant By …

Early-Life Separation From Mother : What Experiments On Mice Tell Us.

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The Study: A Mouse Model Of Early-Life Stress : This experiment was conducted to look at the effects on mice of early-life stress. It involved separating baby mice from their mothers for three hours per day for each of the first ten days of their lives. Results Of The Study : It was found that the …

Being Constantly Humiliated By Parents May Damage Brain’s Corpus Callosum

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What Is The Corpus Callosum? The brain is divided into two halves called the RIGHT HEMISPHERE and the LEFT HEMISPHERE. These two halves are connected by a structure called the CORPUS CALLOSUM.    The function of the corpus callosum is to allow communication to take place between the left hemisphere and the right hemisphere; it …

Explaining BPD In Terms Of The Diathesis-Stress Model

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What Does ‘Diathesis’ Mean? The medical definition of ‘diathesis’ is ‘a hereditary or constitutional predisposition to a disease or other disorder.‘ (The word ‘diathesis’ itself derives from the Greek word for ‘disposition). What Is The Diathesis-Stress Model? The diathesis-stress model is a psychological theory that proposes that a psychiatric disorder is caused not by hereditary …

The Link Between Childhood Trauma, Psychopathology And Sexual Orientation

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The Link Between Childhood Trauma, Psychopathology And Sexual Orientation Childhood Trauma And Sexual Orientation : A study, based on statistics and information derived from the National Longitudinal Study Of Adolescent Health (2001-2002) examined the link between sexual orientation and history of childhood maltreatment. This research involved analysis relating to 13,962 participants that comprised young people …

Start Your Own Mental Health Blog

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    My Own Experience Of Blogging : I started this blog about five years ago as I believed it would help in my recovery – it has certainly done so. It has introduced some structure into my life and has had a cathartic effect. Most importantly, it has helped me understand my past feelings …

Divorce : Signs Children Are Being Used As Pawns Or Weapons

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Introduction : I have already published on this site articles which examine the potentially very psychologically damaging effects that divorce, particularly a  divorce that is acrimonious, can inflict upon the child. My own parents divorced when I was eight years old, so I do have some personal experience in relation to this subject. When parents …

What Is ‘The Trauma Model’ Of Mental Disorders And Psychopathology?

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  The Trauma Model Of Mental Disorders : According to the trauma model of mental disorders (also sometimes referred to as the trauma model of psychopathology), many professionals involved with the treatment of psychiatric disorders (such as psychiatrists) have been excessively preoccupied with the medical model of mental disorders (the medical model stresses the importance …

Psychotic Depression, Schizophrenia And Childhood Trauma Subtypes

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As we have seen from other articles I have published on this site, childhood trauma can be split into 4 main subtypes: emotional abuse, sexual abuse, physical abuse and neglect. In this article, I briefly describe some of the main research findings in regard to the association between childhood trauma and the risk of suffering …

Why A ‘Love-Hate’ Relationship Develops Between The Abusive Parent And The Child

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  If we were significantly maltreated by our parent/s when we were children, we may well, as a psychological defence against the intolerable dilemma this put us in, have unconsciously developed a ‘love-hate’ relationship with them. In such cases, feelings of love and hate for the parent are compartmentalised/separated because the state of mind required …

Acrimonious Divorces May Damage Children’s Immune Systems

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  A study conducted by Murphy et al (2017) suggests that childhood trauma (and, specifically, in this case, the experience, as a child, of having had parents who divorced acrimoniously) can adversely affect the immune system. The study involved 201 ‘normal’ adult participants whose parents had separated during their childhoods. The participants were divided into …

Narcissistic Mother Checklist (And Useful Links)

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Narcissistic Mother Checklist : I have published many articles about narcissism on this site, including articles about how traumatizing it is for children to be brought up by a narcissistic parent. In this article, I wish to distill down into one list the most prominent traits, characteristics, attitudes, and behaviors that the narcissistic mother may …

Dr Jekyll And Mr Hyde: Do BPD Sufferers Have A ‘Split Personality’?

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  Do BPD Sufferers Have A ‘Dr Jekyll And Mr Hyde’ Personality? In terms of symptoms, there exists a clear overlap between the psychiatric conditions of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and dissociative identity disorder (DID). DID use to be referred to multiple-personality disorder. Borderline Personality Disorder, Dissociative Identity Disorder And ‘Splitting’ ‘Splitting’ is a psychological …

BRAKE AND GAS-PEDAL BOTH ON? HOW TRAUMA HARMS BODY.

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  Peter Levine, an expert on the effects of trauma on the body, states that as a result of severe and prolonged trauma, the functioning of our nervous systems can become seriously disrupted. More specifically, traumatized individuals can suffer from dysregulation of the autonomic nervous system. What Is The Autonomic Nervous System? The autonomic nervous system …

3 Ways To Classify Trauma: Acute, Complex And Crossover.

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Terr (1991), in an article published in the American Journal Of Psychiatry, proposes three classifications of trauma. These are as follows : Terr’s 3 Ways To Classify Trauma : ACUTE TRAUMA (Type I Trauma) COMPLEX TRAUMA (Type II Trauma) CROSSOVER TRAUMA (Type III Trauma) Below, I briefly define and provide examples of these three classifications …

Posttraumatic Growth : An Existential Perspective

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    Not only possible to recover from the adverse effects of trauma but even to go on to develop as an individual in response to them in ways that would not have been possible had the traumatic events not occurred. The concept of posttraumatic growth is closely related to existential philosophy/psychology. Yalom (1980) asserts …

Steps To Trauma Recovery And Developing Resilience

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The psychoanalyst, Rothschild, in her excellent book ‘Keys To Safe Trauma Recovery‘, suggests that recovery from trauma entails just a handful of major elements and I list these below. Underneath some of the elements that appear on the list, I have added my own short elaborations and elucidations in terms of how each element may …

Controlling Emotions : The Emotional Regulation System

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  If, as children, we experienced, significant and protracted trauma we are at increased risk of developing various psychological difficulties as adults, including an increased risk of developing borderline personality disorder (BPD) and complex posttraumatic stress disorder. One of the hallmarks of BPD, as we have also seen from other articles, is that the sufferer …

Narcissism : The Roles Of Nature, Nurture And Culture

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To what degree are narcissists created by their genetic inheritance (nature) and to what degree by the environment in which they grow up (nurture)? The Role Of Nature : According to a leading expert in the field of the study of narcissism, Dr Craig Malkin  (Harvard Medical School), author of the fascinating book The Narcissist …

BPD, Psychodynamic Treatment, The Unconscious And Transference

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Crucial Importance Of First Five Years Of Life: Central to psychodynamic theory, initially developed by Sigmund Freud, is the assertion that events occurring to the child between birth and five years of age have the most vital effect upon his/her psychological development. Safe World Versus Unsafe World: Crucially, according to psychodynamic theory, it is during …