Factors That Put The Child's Mental Health At Risk - Childhood Trauma Recovery

Factors That Put The Child’s Mental Health At Risk

factors that put the child's mental health at risk

The Risk And Resilience Model :

According to the Risk And Resilience Model (Pearce , 1993) there exist three categories of factors that put the child’s mental health at risk. These are as follows :

  1. Factors relating to the child’s / young person’s environment
  2. Factors relating to the child’s / young person’s family
  3. Factors relating to the child / young person himself / herself

child mental health risk factors

The List Of Risk Factors (Split Into The Three Categories Given Above) :

Let’s look at each of these three categories of factors in turn :

  1. Factors relating to the child’s / young person’s environment :

These include the following :

  • living in a violent community
  • socioeconomic deprivation
  • living in an environment in which one is discriminated against
  • homelessness
  • living in the environment as a refugee or asylum seeker
  • disaster
  • other significant, adverse life event

 2. Factors relating to the child’s / young person’s family :

    3. Factors relating to the child / young person himself / herself :

  • low I.Q. / learning difficulties
  • genetic influences
  • temperamental difficulties
  • communication difficulties
  • specific developmental delay
  • chronic physical illness
  • gender identity conflict
  • low self-esteem
  • academic failure
  • poor school attendance
  • neurological disorder

Resilience : Factors That Help To Protect A Child / Young Person From Becoming Mentally Ill :

Pearce’s model also includes factors that help to protect a child / young person from becoming mentally ill which he refers to as RESILIENCE FACTORS ; I list these below :

  • social skills
  • self-esteem
  • familial compassion and warmth
  • a stable family environment
  • a skill or talent
  • a social support system that encourages personal development and coping skills

David Hosier BSc Hons; MSc; PGDE(FAHE).

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About David Hosier BSc Hons; MSc; PGDE(FAHE)

Psychologist, researcher and educationalist.

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