All 800 Free Articles

Stomach Aches, Childhood Trauma And Future Mental Health.

A study conducted by Columbia University (Callaghan and Tottenham, 2019 has compared two groups of children : Children who had ...
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How Bullying May Affect Teenagers’ Brains

A study conducted by Quinlan et al. (King's College, London) on the effects of bullying on the brain and involving ...
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Being Traumatized ‘Like Having Foot On Brake And Gas At Same Time.’

The traumatized state has been alikened to the effects of the simultaneous depression of both a car's gas pedal (accelerator) ...
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Childhood Trauma Can Make Us Terrified Of Accepting Love In Adulthood.

It is well documented that severe and protracted childhood trauma greatly increases our risk of experiencing relationship difficulties in our ...
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Reasons Why ADHD Might Be Being Overdiagnosed.

How Many Young People Are Diagnosed With ADHD? Statistics reveal around 1 in 7 young people in the United States ...
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ADHD And Its Link To Childhood Trauma And A Negative Thinking Bias

There is increasing evidence derived from research studies that ADHD is linked to psychosocial stress, particularly childhood trauma which has ...
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Which Factors Of The ‘5 Factor Model Of Personality’ Predict BPD?

The diagnosis of borderline personality disorder (BPD) is predicated upon the notion that those who suffer from it have aspects ...
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Why Childhood Trauma Sufferers Can’t ‘Just Get Over It.’

If we have been unfortunate enough to have suffered severe and protracted childhood trauma and have, as a result, developed ...
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Abnormal Brain Chemistry In BPD Sufferers And Its Effect On Behavior.

Various research studies have provided evidence to suggest that borderline personality disorder (BPD) sufferers may have abnormal levels of the ...
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Childhood Trauma, The Hippocampus, Depression And Neurogenesis.

Childhood Trauma Can Harm Brain And Increase Risk Of Depression. However, The Good News Is The Brain Can Recover. This ...
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Useful Links For Recovery From Childhood Trauma

Behavioral Tech : A Linehan Institute Training Company. Here you can learn about scientifically validated treatments for complex and severe ...
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Early Life Bonds With Parents Parallel Adult Bonds With Romantic Partner.

According to Shaver's research, which is based upon Bowlby's attachment theory but extends it into the realms of adult romantic ...
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All Videos

This page contains short video summaries of the information contained in some of the most popular articles that have been ...
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Anger Management Problems : Their Root In Childhood (Free PDF).

Below you can view the free PDF of my eBook (previously published on Amazon) Anger Management Problems : Their Root ...
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BPD And The Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis

The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is a complex network of nerves that interconnect : the hypothalamusthe pituitary glandthe adrenal glands See ...
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Can Childhood Trauma Cause Depression?

Below you can view the free PDF of my eBook (previously published on Amazon) Childhood Trauma And Its Link To ...
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Oprah Winfrey Talks About Childhood Trauma Treatment.

The video which I provide a link to below features Oprah Winfrey talking about the vital importance of understanding, and ...
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Link Between Childhood Trauma And Mental Illness Is ‘Public Health Crisis.’

I have written extensively about the link between childhood trauma and the development of psychiatric problems extensively on this site ...
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Traumatic Victimization In Childhood And The ‘Cascade Of Impairment.’

We have already seen from numerous other articles that I have published on this site that if, as children, we ...
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BPD And Resolving Conflict With Others

If we suffered severe and chronic childhood trauma, particularly if, as a result, we have gone on to develop borderline ...
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Symptoms Of Trauma And Their Link To ‘Energy Trapped In The Body.’

According to Dr Peter Levine, symptoms of trauma may be explained by 'energy trapped in the body,' and, as a ...
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Effects Of Trauma According To Age (Short Video).

The video below is a summary of the original, wriiten article published on this site entitled : Reactions To Trauma ...
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How Childhood Trauma Is Linked To ‘Personality Disintegration’

We have seen in numerous other articles that I have published on this site that if we suffered severe and ...
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How We Develop A Depressive Thinking Style As Children : The 3P Theory.

According to Martin Seligman, an expert in Positive Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, a main process by which we ...
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Childhood Trauma, Social Anxiety And The Spotlight Effect

I have written elsewhere on this website about how, if we experienced significant and protracted childhood trauma, we are at ...
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Reducing The Effects Of Trauma With Neurocardiology

Neurocardiology is a recently developed area of academic, scientific research initiated by the researcher J. Andrew Armour M.D. , PhD ...
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Transgenerational Trauma : How Effects Of Trauma Are Passed Down Generations

Those who experience severe trauma (including, of course, childhood trauma) and develop significant and chronic symptoms as a result (e.g ...
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BPD, The Love-Hate Relationship And Neuroscience

We have seen from several other articles that I have published on this site that one of the hallmarks of ...
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Attitudes Of Medical Professionals Towards BPD Sufferers

We have seen from other articles I have published on this site that if we suffered significant and protracted childhood ...
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A Letter From A Disgruntled BPD Sufferer To His GP

An open letter (although names have been redacted to preserve anonymity). Dear Doctor **** Thank you for seeing me on ...
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Posttraumatic Growth : Trauma And Creativity

I have written elsewhere on this site in several previously published posts how, ultimately, even extremely serious and protracted trauma ...
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Reframing The Past : How To Reframe Traumatic Memories

THE INDOCTRINATION OF NEGATIVE CORE BELIEFS : Many of us who have experienced significant and protracted childhood trauma have, as ...
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Migraine And Its Link To Childhood Trauma

We have seen from many other articles that I have published on this site that those of us who suffered ...
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Possible Adverse Effects Of Maternal Stress On The Unborn Baby’s Brain Development.

A study carried out by Sarkar et al. at Imperial College, University of London and published in the scientific joutnal ...
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Can Neurofeedback Achieve In A Week Same Results As Years Of Zen Meditation?

We have seen from many other articles that I have published on this site that those who have suffered significant ...
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Physical Abuse Leading To Self-Hatred And Inability To Feel Empathy.

When a child is physically beaten by the very people who should be protecting him / her (i.e. his / ...
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How Parents’ Anxiety Levels And Behaviors Affect Their Child’s Anxiety

A study involving 98 pairs of mothers and infants (the infants were aged from 12 months to 14 months) was ...
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Is Your Predominant Response To Trauma Flooding Or Dissociation?

We have seen from previous articles that I have published on this site that individuals can physiologically respond to severe ...
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Why Rejection Is So Painful : An Evolutionary Explanation.

Due to the forces of evolution, our brains have developed, first and foremost, to keep us alive, irrespective of whether ...
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Childhood Trauma And Workplace Performance

The negative effects of childhood trauma can also seriously impair our work performance as adults. Some obvious examples include: low ...
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Stress Contagion : Study On Effects Of Maternal Stress On Babies

Obviously I do not remember being a baby, and, because of this, I have often been concerned about how my ...
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Childhood Trauma And Its Link To Adult Chronic Pain.

DISCLAIMER : NEVER ASSUME PAIN IS DUE TO PSYCHOLOGICAL CAUSES - ALWAYS CONSULT AN APPROPRIATELY QUALIFIED PROFESSIONAL TO HAVE ITS ...
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Maternal Reinforcement Of Passive Dependency In Future BPD Sufferers

When I was young, my mother seemed to derive an odd sense of satisfaction (one hesitates to use the word ...
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Surprising Study On Reduction Of Negative, Obsessional Thoughts

We have seen from other articles that I have published on this site that it is far from uncommon for ...
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psychotic-defense-mechanisms

Childhood Trauma Leading To Psychotic And Immature Defense Mechanisms

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the unconscious defense mechanisms we employ to help us deal ...
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The Freeze Response To Trauma

  It is well known that our body's self-protective response to imminent danger and threat (whether perceived or real) is ...
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Childhood Trauma : Some Important Facts And Statistics

In the United States, about 50% of children experience at least one traumatic event during their childhood. Many of these ...
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Effects Of Interpersonal Childhood Trauma On Sexuality

According to the traumagenic dynamics model (Finkelhor and Browne), severe and protracted childhood interpersonal childhood trauma (interpersonal trauma refers to ...
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PTSD And Physically Evaluating The Brain

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex posttraumatic stress disorder (complex PTSD) can both be considered forms of brain INJURY even ...
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Flashbacks, Memory And The Prefrontal Cortex

ABOVE : SHORT VIDEO SUMMARY (2 MINUTES) OF MAIN POINTS OF ARTICLE. We have seen from numerous other articles that ...
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BPD, Feeling Painfully Empty, The ‘Leaky Cup’ Metaphor And Thrill Seeking

When a child is born into the world, s/he is utterly helpless and dependent upon his / her mother, and, ...
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Psychological Maltreatment Most Harmful Form Of Abuse, Evidence From Major Study Suggests

A major study (Spinazzola et al.) on the effects of child maltreatment provides strong evidence that psychological maltreatment of children ...
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Inconsistent Mothering Leading To The ‘Splitting’ Defense Mechanism.

'Splitting' is a primary defense mechanism for coping with identity disturbance and occurs when an individual is not able to ...
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Childhood Trauma And ‘Shattered Assumptions’ Theory

One of the major effects of childhood trauma, especially if it has led us, as adults, to develop conditions such ...
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Signs An Adult Was Abused As A Child

VIDEO SUMMARY OF SIGNS AN ADULT WAS ABUSED AS A CHILD : Signs An Adult Was Abused As A Child ...
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How Context Affects The Child’s Reaction To Trauma

Traumatic childhood experiences, obviously, do not occur in a vacuum but within the context of the child's life as a ...
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A Study Into The Main Effects Of Mentally Ill Mothers On Their Children

A study (McCormac et al.) conducted at the University of Newcastle was conducted to investigate the main effects on childrens' ...
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Short Videos

[yotuwp type="channel" id="UCmb3SbIdUv6itK1jkpyFo7Q" ] ...
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A Study Into The Adverse Effects Of Psychologically Controlling Parents

A study (Stafford et al.) conducted at University College, London suggests that individuals who have been brought up by psychologically ...
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Childhood Trauma Leading To Over-Dominant Brain Stem

ABOVE : 3 MINUTE SUMMARY VIDEO OF THE ARTICLE BELOW. A Simple Overview Of The Brain's Structure And Development : ...
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Remission In Sufferers Of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD).

We have seen from numerous other articles that I have published on this site that those individuals who have suffered ...
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‘Top-Down’ And ‘Bottom-Up’ Approaches To Dealing With Effects Of Childhood Trauma.

WHAT ARE 'TOP-DOWN' THERAPIES? A 'top-down' therapy is one that aims to create a positive change in the individual's behavioral, ...
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Childhood Trauma Increases Frequency Of ‘Negative Events In Daily Life’ In Middle Age.

Study by Infuma et al., (2015) A study conducted by Infuma et al., (2015) suggests that those who have suffered ...
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A Study Into Effects Of Being Raised By A Mentally Ill Parent

A study conducted by McCormack (Newcastle University, UK) interviewed the (now adult) children of children of parents who had various ...
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Signs Of PTSD In Very Young Children And Toddlers

What Are The Signs Of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) In Very Young Children And Toddlers? Because the linguistic development of ...
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The Effects Of Childhood Trauma On Ability To Feel Empathy.

One of the key features of those who have suffered significant and protracted childhood trauma, especially if it has resulted ...
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The Manipulative Parent

There are many ways in which the manipulative parent may manipulate their offspring, including: emotional blackmail verbal aggressionimplicit or explicit ...
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What Is Your Attachment Style And How Does It Affect Your Relationships?

ABOVE VIDEO : ATTACHMENT THEORY (3 MINUTES). ATTACHMENT THEORY AND THE 'MATERNAL SENSITIVITY HYPOTHESIS': According to attachment theory, the way ...
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Childhood Trauma Increases Risk Of Being Both Victim And Perpetrator Of Crime And Violence

Research shows that the more ADVERSE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES an individual suffered in their early life, the greater their risk of ...
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Understanding And Recovering From Childhood Trauma – Free Course

  ABOUT COURSE : Introduction to course : Understanding clearly how many of our psychological problems can be traced back ...
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Sensory Dysregulation Resulting From Childhood Trauma

What Is Sensory Dysregulation? Sensory dysregulation is a syndrome that impairs an individual's ability to receive and appropriately respond to ...
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Childhood Trauma, Inflammation, The Immune System And Severe Adult Health Implications.

A study conducted in New Zealand, involving 1,037 children, assessed these young people according to : the degree to which ...
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Does EFT Help Alleviate PTSD?

EFT stands for the emotional freedom technique and is used to treat sufferers of various disorders, including PTSD (complex posttraumatic ...
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Reducing Anxiety By Calming The Amygdala

We have seen from other articles published on this site that severe and protracted childhood trauma, resulting in the child ...
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New eBook On Childhood Trauma And The Brain.

My new eBook, available for immediate download, was published in January 2019. See below for details or click here (United ...
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Depression : Anger Towards Parents Turned Inward?

The idea that depression is the result of our anger towards others (such as our parents) who have hurt and ...
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Appropriate Expression Of Emotions Improves Health.

We have seen from several other articles that I have previously published on this site that the experience of severe ...
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Reducing The Pain Associated With Being Stuck In ‘Fight / Flight’ Mode.

We have seen how the experience of severe and protracted childhood trauma can damage the development of the brain's amygdala, ...
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Depression, Thinking Styles And Hypnotherapy

Hypnosis for Depression - Natural Treatment | Self Hypnosis Downloads : Try Introduction And First Module FREE. We have seen ...
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BPD And Genetic Heritability

GENES, ENVIRONMENT AND BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER (BPD) : Studies have been conducted that suggest that parents suffering from borderline personality ...
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Ten Ways To Build Resilience

Different people respond in different ways to trauma. One of the reasons for this is that some people are more ...
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Childhood Rejection Leading To Possessive Behavior In Adult Relationships

If we were rejected when we were children by parents / primary carers this can have a profound effect upon ...
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Childhood Trauma And Tachycardia

My own resting heart rate, which is usually at least 105 beats per minute, according to my GP, 'is nothing ...
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Childhood Trauma And Body Language

In this article I will look at how body language is relevant to the topic of childhood trauma in two ...
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Two Main Ways Narcissistic Parents May Use Their Children.

We have seen from other articles that I have previously published on this site that narcissistic parents tend to see ...
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Narcissistic Mothers May Form Enmeshed Relationship With Their Child.

I have already published on this site several articles about narcissism and narcissistic parents, but, in this article, I wish ...
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Childhood Trauma And Arrested Self-Development

Early life trauma can interfere with, or arrest, the development of the self. The normal development of self involves the ...
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How Childhood Trauma Harms The Brain’s Insula

WHAT IS THE BRAIN'S INSULA? The insula is a small region of the brain's cerebral cortex (see diagram below). Its ...
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How Mental And Physical Suffering Generated By Childhood Trauma Are Intrinsically Interlinked.

Perhaps the best known study on the effects of childhood trauma on the individual is the ACE (Adverse Childhood Experiences) ...
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How Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Can Help Repair The Cortex

We have seen from other articles that I have published on this site how severe and protracted childhood trauma can ...
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Borderline Personality Disorder And The Brain

Nobody chooses to suffer from borderline personality disorder ; this is obvious. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is probably the most ...
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The Main Ways Trauma Continues To Ruin Our Lives Long After It’s Over

The effects of trauma, in the absence of effective therapy, can adversely affect our lives for years or even decades ...
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Childhood Trauma And Psychosis

Although there is now a vast amount of research that has been conducted on the link between childhood trauma and ...
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Childhood Trauma And Depression

Can Childhood Trauma Cause Depression? BELOW : Short video - Childhood Trauma, Depression And Learned Helplessness : A study conducted ...
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Relationship Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (ROCD)

We have already seen, in other posts that I have published on this site, that significant and protracted childhood trauma ...
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Physical Abuse

Physical abuse of children can be defined as an action which physically hurts or injures them. Usually, this is not a ...
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Types Of Abuse

Types Of Abuse And Childhood Trauma : There is no one, absolute and precise definition of childhood trauma. However, experts ...
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Electroshock Therapy

Childhood trauma can lead us to become severely clinically depressed as adults, and this happened to me. Electroshock therapy, or Electro-convulsive ...
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How To Deal With Fear

Overcome Fear and Anxiety | Self Hypnosis Downloads : Click Here. EXPERIENCES OF CHILDHOOD TRAUMA CAN OFTEN LEAD TO ANXIETY ...
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PTSD Checklist

Those of us who experienced high levels of stress as children are at increased risk of developing PTSD. Whilst it ...
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The Importance Of Limbic Resonance In Early Life

One way of describing the brain is to represent it as comprising three parts which developed at different times during ...
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Strong Feelings Of Guilt In Childhood Can Affect Brain Development

Research suggests that children who are prone to feelings of intense, excessive guilt are at increased risk in adulthood of ...
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Effects Of Child Abandonment

What Is Child Abandonment? Child abandonment can take two main forms : Literal, physical abandonment (e.g. a mother leaving her ...
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Active And Passive Emotional Abuse

Emotional abuse of children (sometimes referred to as psychological abuse) by their parents / primary caregivers can be divided into ...
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Broaden And Build Theory

Broaden and Build Theory was devised by Barbara Fredrickson (1998). Individuals who have experienced significant childhood trauma, as adults, are ...
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BPD AND ANGER

Anger Management Hypnosis | Self Hypnosis Downloads : CLICK HERE. Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)  Anger and Rage As we have ...
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What Is Developmental Trauma?

Researchers van der Kolk et al. have proposed that children who are significantly psychologically and emotionally disturbed as a result ...
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How Does Trauma Affect Memory?

Traumatic Memories Remembering traumatic events is in some ways beneficial. For example, it allows us to review the experience and ...
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Trauma And Memory

In this article, I want to focus on the potential adverse affects of trauma on memory, and, in particular, four ...
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Effects Of Unpredictable Stress

Many children who grow up in dysfunctional family homes find themselves living in a state of hypervigilance, never knowing how ...
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Steps To Recovery From Childhood Trauma

Research shows those who suffer childhood trauma CAN and DO recover. Making significant changes in life can be a very daunting ...
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Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) And Serotonin

Serotonin is a brain chemical (called a neurotransmitter as it sends signals between the brain's neurons) that is involved with ...
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Managing Relationships With BPD Parents

Children Of Parents With BPD: Some of us experienced childhood trauma due to a parent being unstable. As has been ...
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Adult Loneliness : The Role Of Childhood Trauma

Statistics Relating To Loneliness : About one in twenty (i.e. 5%) of the adult population reports feeling lonely 'often' or ...
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What Are The Differences Between The Traumatized And Normal Brain?

I have already written at length about how severe and protracted childhood trauma can physically damage the brain's development, adversely ...
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Effects Of Passive-Aggressive Parents

Having parents who treat us in a passive-aggressive manner can have an extremely adverse effect upon our mental health; indeed, ...
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Trauma Recovery And Spirituality

It is not necessary to have a religious faith to be spiritual. But what do we mean by the term ...
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Borderline Personality Disorder And Psychosis

If we are unfortunate enough to develop BPD following a traumatic childhood, in some cases (NOT all) we may, especially ...
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How Childhood Trauma Can Profoundly Damage Our View Of Ourselves

If we have experienced childhood trauma to a significant degree, we may irrationally blame ourselves for it which, in turn, ...
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Childhood Trauma And Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD).

Several of the articles on this site have already examined the link between childhood trauma and anxiety. In this article, ...
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Childhood Trauma, The Shame Loop And Defenses Against Shame

The Agonizing Effects Of Shame Feelings of shame can be excruciatingly painful; at their worst, they can cause us to ...
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Types Of Childhood Trauma

There are many traumatic events that can befall us in childhood which, as we have seen in other articles I ...
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Why Labelling The Child As ‘Mentally Ill’ Can Be Unhelpful

In his critically acclaimed book : 'CRACKED : WHY PSYCHIATRY IS DOING MORE HARM THAN GOOD', the author, James Davies, ...
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Emotional Neglect And Lack Of Love In Childhood May Switch Off Crucial Genes

Emotional Neglect And Epigenetics. Studies suggest that emotional neglect / emotional deprivation and a lack of warm, affectionate, loving nurture in ...
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Why Complex PTSD Sufferers May Avoid Eye Contact

A study by Lanius  et al. was conducted to cast light upon why many with individuals suffering from posttraumatic stress ...
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Can New Drug Treatment Induce Memories And Feelings Of Safety In PTSD Sufferers?

An experiment carried out at the University of Puerto Rico (Quirk et al.) on rats has shown that administering a ...
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Self-Defeating Personality Disorder And Its Link To Childhood Trauma

Self-defeating personality disorder (also sometimes referred to as masochistic personality disorder), whilst not included in the current edition (fifth) of ...
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Emotional Detachment Disorder And Childhood Trauma

Extreme emotional detachment can operate as an unconscious defense mechanism to help us cope with traumatic experiences including, of course, ...
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How Childhood Trauma Can Make Us Constantly Hypervigilant

What Is Meant By Hypervigilance? A person who is hypervigilant feels constantly 'on edge' , 'keyed up' and fearful. S/he ...
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Factors That Make Complex PTSD More Severe

What Factors Make The Symptoms Of Complex PTSD Even More Serious? We have seen from several other articles that I ...
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Sex Addiction Therapy

Sex Addiction And Childhood Trauma : We have seen from other articles that I have published on this site that ...
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Postpartum Depression And Childhood Trauma

A study conducted by Choi et al., (2017) suggests that women who have suffered from traumatic childhoods are at higher ...
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‘Splitting’ – What BPD Sufferers And 18 – 36 Month Old Infants Have In Common

Infants and toddlers (aged from approximately eighteen months to thirty-six months old) find it extremely hard to tolerate ambiguity and ...
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How Narcissistic Parents Weaken Our Sense Of A Personal Boundary.

Because narcissistic parents are so unpredictable, and their mood changes so mercurial and frightening, the young child quickly learns, largely ...
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How Childhood Trauma Can Make You Oversensistive To Light, Sound And Touch

Before babies and young children are able to learn through the use of language, they learn through the information they ...
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Study Shows PTSD Sufferers Can Be Willing To Risk Life For Cure

Anybody who has suffered from post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) / complex post traumatic stress disorder (cPTSD) knows that the ...
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Marriage Counseling can Help with Childhood Trauma Affecting Your Marriage

Is Your Childhood Trauma Affecting Your Marriage? (Guest post by Marie Miguel). It’s no secret by now that the trauma you ...
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What Is The Difference Between Flashbacks And Intrusive Memories?

If, as adults, we are suffering from complex posttraumatic stress disorder as a result of our childhood experiences we may, ...
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Questionable Reasons For Having A Baby

Questionable reasons mothers and / or fathers may have for having a baby : - by accident - for financial ...
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Adverse Effects Of Childhood Trauma On Oxytocin And Our Ability To Love

Childhood Trauma, Oxytocin And Our Ability To Love : We have already seen from articles previously published on this site ...
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Identity Disturbance And Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

BPD And Identity Disturbance : We have seen from other articles that I have published on this site that one ...
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Overcoming Feelings Of Shame With Counseling

We have seen from other articles that I have published on this site that those of us who have experienced ...
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Often Aggressive? Is Your Sensorimotor System Primed To Deal With Threat?

Are You Easily Provoked Into Angry And Aggressive Behavior? After my mother threw me out of her house when I ...
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Antisocial Personality Disorder – A Psychodynamic Explanation

Antisocial Personality Disorder And The Early Life Of Sufferers : According to Meroy (1988), those who go on to develop ...
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Considering Seeing A Therapist? An Overview Of Talking Therapy.

What Is 'Talking Therapy'And What Conditions Can It Treat? The term 'talking therapy' refers not to one specific therapy but ...
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Borderline Personality Disorder Test

Controversy Surrounding The Diagnosis Of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) : Diagnosing borderline personality disorder (BPD) is often regarded as controversial ...
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Infanticide And Mental Illness

What Is Infanticide? At the severest end of the spectrum of childhood maltreatment lies the extremely rare and tragic act ...
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When Is BPD Diagnosed? The Continuum Of Personality Problems.

The Nine Personality Problems Associated With Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) : There is no clear demarcation between those who have ...
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Online Therapy

If we have experienced significant and protracted childhood trauma in the early part of our lives we may, as adults, ...
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Dismissive Parents : Effects Of Being Largely Ignored As A Child

My Experience : As I have written elsewhere, after my mother threw me out of her house when I was ...
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BPD Sufferers Need To Be ‘Held’ According To Theory

Buie And Adler : Buie and Adler propose that the pathology displayed by sufferers of borderline personality disorder (BPD) such as ...
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The Link Between Childhood Trauma And Mental Illness

The Link Between Childhood Trauma And Mental Illness. There exists a clear link between the experience of childhood trauma and ...
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Ego Regression And Progression In Response To Trauma

According to Kalsched (1996) severe childhood trauma can result in the person's ego / psyche / self fragmenting into both ...
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Possible Shaming Effects Of Parents Who Objectify Their Children

Objectification Leading To Self-Objectifying Feelings Of Shame : Parents may objectify their children in various ways. For example, a parent ...
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How World War One Helped Us To Understand Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

A vast number of troops were psychologically traumatized by their horrific experiences of trench warfare in World War One. So-Called ...
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What Are The Effects Of Trauma On Young Children (0-6 Years)?

  The possible effects of childhood trauma on children under the age of six years are extensive and can be ...
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Body Dysmorphic Disorder : Its Link To Childhood Trauma

ABOVE : Short (2 minute) video summary of article. Studies (see below) suggest that those of us who suffered traumatic ...
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Family Therapy And Adolescent BPD Sufferers

Borderline Personality Disorder In Adolescents : I have written elsewhere about why some mental health clinicians are reluctant to diagnose ...
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Arrested Psychological Development and Age Regression

Above : 5 minute video summary of article. Arrested Psychological Development Traumatic life events can cause the child to become ...
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3 Core Unmet Needs Underlying Emotional Pain

Core Unmet Needs Many of us who have suffered significant childhood trauma experience intense emotional pain as adults; such pain ...
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Childhood Trauma Linked To Psychologically Damaging Time Perspective

Based upon Zimbardo's and Boyd's (2008) Time Perspective Theory, a therapeutic technique known as Time Perspective Therapy (Zimbardo, Sword and Sword) was developed. Time ...
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Splitting, Denial And Flooding : The Inter-relationship

'SPLITTING' : This is an unconscious defense mechanism that involves us seeing things in extreme and exaggerated ways, either as ...
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Why BPD Sufferers Can Often Read Others’ Emotions So Perceptively

When I was a young child, my mother always remarked upon how easily I picked up on the slightest emotional ...
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Overcoming Nightmares And Hallucinations With ‘Paradoxical Intention.’

Childhood Trauma And Its Link To Adult, Psychiatric Disorders : We have seen in many other articles that I have ...
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The Neurological Potential For Psychological Turmoil During Adolescence.

For many, adolescence is a very difficult and stressful time, not least because of the neurological and interacting hormonal changes ...
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Factors That Put The Child’s Mental Health At Risk

The Risk And Resilience Model : According to the Risk And Resilience Model (Pearce , 1993) there exist three categories ...
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Childhood Trauma And Nocturnal Enuresis

Individuals who suffer significant stress / trauma in early life are more likely to suffer from NOCTURNAL ENURESIS than those ...
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Antidepressants : Are Those Who Experienced Early Life Trauma Less Responsive To Them?

Antidepressants And Childhood Trauma : As part of the international Study to Predict Optimized Treatment for Depression (iSPOT-D) involving over ...
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Deep Feelings Of Shame Resulting From Emotionally Impoverished Relationships With Parents

According to DeYoung, author of the excellent book : 'Understanding and Treating Chronic Shame : A Relational / Neurobiological Approach', the ...
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Effects Of ‘Bottling Up’ Feelings Related To Trauma

'Bottling Up' Emotions It is often said that it is psychologically unhealthy to 'bottle up' (suppress) feelings connected to trauma, ...
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Trauma And Persistent ‘Low Mood’ (Dysthymia) In Children

How Does Dysthymia Differ From Major Depression? Children who experience significant and protracted trauma and/or stress during childhood are at ...
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What Types Of Parents Are More Likely To Physically Abuse Their Children?

Stith's (2009) Meta-Analysis : A study carried out by Stith et al. (2009) reviewed 155 other studies (this is called ...
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Childhood Trauma May Damage Prefrontal Cortex : How To Help Reverse Such Damage.

We have seen from other articles that I have published on this site that severe and chronic psychological and emotional ...
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BPD And Rigid Thinking

One of the main hallmarks of borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the pronounced tendency of those who suffer from it ...
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Vast Majority Of Parental Maltreatment Of Children Unacknowledged

Parental Maltreatment Of Children : Except in very extreme cases, such as severe physical abuse, the vast majority of parental ...
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Should BPD Treatment Be More Individualized?

Problems Relating To The Diagnosis Of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD): In order to be diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) ...
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BPD Sufferers May Avoid ‘Mentalising’ Due To Parental Rejection

Peter Fonagy, an internationally renowned clinical psychologist, psychoanalyst and expert in borderline psychopathology and early attachment relationships, and who has ...
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Early-Life Separation From Mother : What Experiments On Mice Tell Us.

The Study : A Mouse Model Of Early-Life Stress : This experiment was conducted to look at the effects on ...
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Being Constantly Humiliated By Parents May Damage Brain’s Corpus Callosum

What Is The Corpus Callosum? The brain is divided into two halves called the RIGHT HEMISPHERE and the LEFT HEMISPHERE ...
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Explaining BPD In Terms Of The Diathesis-Stress Model

What Does 'Diathesis' Mean? The medical definition of 'diathesis' is 'a heriditary or constitutional predisposition to a disease or other ...
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The Link Between Childhood Trauma, Psychopathology And Sexual Orientation

Childhood Trauma And Sexual Orientation : A study, based on statistics and information derived from the National Longitudinal Study Of ...
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Start Your Own Mental Health Blog

My Own Experience Of Blogging : I started this blog about five years ago as I believed it would help ...
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Divorce : Signs Children Are Being Used As Pawns Or Weapons

Introduction : I have already published on this site articles which examine the potentially very psychologically damaging effects that divorce, ...
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What Is ‘The Trauma Model’ Of Mental Disorders?

The Trauma Model Of Mental Disorders : According to the trauma model of mental disorders (also sometimes referred to as ...
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Psychotic Depression, Schizophrenia And Childhood Trauma Sub-Types

Sub-Types Of Childhood Trauma : As we have seen from other articles I have published on this site, childhood trauma ...
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Why A ‘Love-Hate’ Relationship Develops Between The Abusive Parent And The Child

If we were significantly maltreated by our parent/s when we were children we may well, as a psychological defense against ...
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Parents With PTSD : Possible Effects On The Child

There are many ways in which parents with PTSD may adversely affect the lives of their children and I describe ...
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Acrimonious Divorces May Damage Children’s Immune Systems

A study conducted by Murphy et al (2017) suggests that childhood trauma (and, specifically, in this case, the experience, as ...
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Narcissistic Mother Checklist (And Useful Links)

Narcissistic Mother Checklist : I have published many articles about narcissism on this site, including articles about how traumatizing it ...
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Do BPD Sufferers Have A ‘Split Personality’?

Do BPD Sufferers Have A 'Dr Jekyll And Mr Hyde' Personality? In terms of symptoms, there exists a clear overlap ...
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How Trauma Can Seriously Adversely Affect The Nervous System

Peter Levine, an expert on the effects of trauma on the body, states that as a result of severe and ...
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3 Ways To Classify Trauma

Terr (1991) in an article published in the American Journal Of Psychiatry, proposes three classifications of trauma. These are as ...
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Posttraumatic Growth : An Existential Perspective

We have seen from other articles that I have published in the 'Postraumatic Growth' section (see MAIN MENU at the ...
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Steps To Trauma Recovery

The psychoanalyst, Rothschild, in her excellent book 'Keys To Safe Trauma Recovery', suggests that recovery from trauma entails just a ...
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Diagnosing BPD In Adolescents : Why Some Clinicians Don’t Like Doing It

Whilst borderline personality disorder (BPD) can be diagnosed in adolescents, some clinicians may be reluctant to do so ; I ...
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Controlling Emotions : The Emotional Regulation System

  We have seen from other articles that I have published on this site that if, as children, we experienced, ...
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Narcissism : The Roles Of Nature, Nurture And Culture

To what degree are narcissists created by their genetic inheritance (nature) and to what degree by the environment in which ...
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BPD And Psychodynamic Treatment

Crucial Importance Of First Five Years Of Life : Central to psychodynamic theory, initially developed by Sigmund Freud, is the ...
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Childhood Psychological Trauma Can Lead To Brain Inflammation

It has recently been discovered that chronic, unpredictable, psychological stress in early life can lead to inflammation in the brain ...
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Possible Long-Term Effects Of Highly Stressed Mothers On Infants

Mothers who are suffering severe and protracted stress (e.g. due to an anxiety disorder) for a significant period of time ...
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Posttraumatic Growth : The Importance Of Relationships And Social Support

INTRODUCTION : Human beings are naturally social animals and it is a basic and fundamental instinct for us to try ...
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Failure Of Information Processing At Core Of PTSD

Research suggests (for examples, see below) that traumatic memories are not stored in the normal way (this theory was initially ...
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What Is The Difference Between Repression And Dissociation?

I have frequently referred to the concepts of DISSOCIATION and REPRESSION on this site as, of course, both are highly ...
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Psychotic ‘Hallucinations’ : Could They Be Trauma-Based Memories?

The renowned UK psychologist, Oliver James, argues both eloquently and convincingly in his most enlightening book :  'Not In Your ...
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Were You An Intensely Angry Child? A Possible Explanation.

Anger displayed by traumatized children differs markedly from anger displayed by non-traumatized children. The anger exhibited by such traumatized children ...
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What Is Reactive Attachment Disorder?

REACTIVE ATTACHMENT DISORDER : REACTIVE ATTACHMENT DISORDER may occur when a child is severely neglected where the neglect involves being ...
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Histories Of Childhood Trauma Highly Prevalent Amongst Prison Inmates

Those who have experienced significant and protracted childhood trauma are far more likely to be incarcerated as adults than those ...
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PTSD And ‘A Sense Of A Foreshortened Future.’

The DSM 4 (Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Illness, 4th Edition) lists one of the symptoms of posttraumatic stress ...
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Impulse Control : Study Showing Its Vital Importance

We have already seen that those who suffer such severe, protracted childhood trauma that they go on to develop borderline ...
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Types Of Narcissist : Extraverted, Introverted / Covert And Communal

TYPES OF NARCISSIST : We have already seen what the effects can be upon the child who is brought up ...
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Hypervigilance And Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (Complex PTSD).

If we have grown up in a chronically stressful and traumatic environment in which we often experienced anxiety, trepidation, stress ...
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Characteristics Of Narcissistic Parents

Typically, the narcissistic parent views his/her child as a kind of possession whose sole purpose is to continuously fulfil his/her ...
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Types Of Dissociative Amnesia In Complex PTSD

We have seen how the cumulative effect of repetitive and chronic, traumatic stress during childhood is associated with the later ...
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Yoga For Complex PTSD

Studies into the effectiveness of yoga already suggest that it can help to ameliorate both physical and psychological problems including ...
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Mothers More Likely To Be Abusive Than Fathers, Study Suggests

Abusive Parents We have already seen, from numerous other articles that I have published on this site, when a parent ...
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Self-Acceptance More Helpful To Mental Health Than Self-Esteem.

We have already seen that, most frequently because how they were made to feel about themselves by parents / primary ...
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What Are ‘Adverse Childhood Experiences’ (Aces)?

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been split into three categories : ABUSE NEGLECT FAMILY DYSFUNCTION In the original ACE study ...
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What Are The Differences Between BPD And Complex PTSD? : A Study

Because there is a considerable overlap in symptoms between those suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) and those suffering from ...
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Techniques (Evidence-Based) For Reducing Negative Thoughts.

We have seen that if we suffered significant, recurring trauma as children, we are put at increased risk of developing ...
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Dysfunctional Ways Parents May Seek To Over-Control Children

I outline some of the most common ways in which parents may attempt to exert excessive control over their children ...
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Family Systems Theory And The Family Scapegoat

FAMILY SYSTEMS THEORY : FAMILY SYSTEMS THEORY was developed by the American psychiatrist, Murray Bowen (1913-1990). The theory proposes that ...
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A Study On The Childhoods Of Murderers

Childhood Of Murderers A study conducted by Lewis et al (1985) and published in the American Journal Of Psychiatry examined ...
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Neurocounseling And Its Relevance To Treating Complex-PTSD

The term neurocounseling refers to a form of therapies that seek to take advantage of the relatively recent neuroscientific discovery ...
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Why Some Parents Can’t Love Their Children

It is generally assumed that parents (in particular, mothers) have an innate, instinctive, natural and inborn capacity to love their ...
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Retraumatization Caused By Psychiatric Care Institutions

Retraumatization : If the trauma we experienced as children was severe enough, we may, as adults, at one time or ...
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Trauma Triggers : Definition And Examples

  TRAUMA TRIGGERS are events/occurrences that remind us (on either a conscious or unconscious level) of our original traumatic experiences ...
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Healthy Narcissism Versus Unhealthy Narcissism (Kohut’s Theory).

'Healthy' Versus 'Unhealthy' Narcissism : We have seen from other articles that I have published on this site that being ...
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Trauma Release Exercises

WHY WE SHOULD ENVY GAZELLES : The human stress/fear response evolved millions of years ago in our ancestors to allow ...
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Do Only Good People Get Depressed?

If, when we are growing up, our parent/s make us feel constantly inadequate and that we were never 'good enough' ...
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How To Stop Taking Things Personally

Taking Things Personally And Low Self-Esteem : If we suffered significant childhood trauma, we are at greater risk as adults ...
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What Is Happiness?

What Exactly Is Happiness? Is it possible to recover from complex posttraumatic stress disorder or borderline personality disorder (both of ...
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PTSD Nightmares : Typical Content And Symbols

A major symptom of CPTSD / PTSD is nightmares. I myself have suffered from these and they have led to ...
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Effects Of Childhood Trauma On Educational Achievement

A study was carried out by Perez and Wisdom (1994) that examined the effects of childhood trauma on educational achievement ...
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Can’t Let Go Of Childhood Trauma? Here Are Possible Reasons Why

Why Many Can't Let Go Of Childhood Trauma : Sadly, in the absence of effective therapies, such as EMDR (Eye ...
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Forgiveness And Its Health Benefits

Why Is Forgiveness Beneficial For Our Health And Prospects Of Recovery? If we have suffered childhood trauma as a result ...
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Complex PTSD Risk Factors

What Are The Factors That Put Us At Risk Of Complex PTSD? We have seen from other articles published on ...
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Right Brain Therapy : Benefits For Trauma Survivors

    How Useful Is Right Brain Therapy For Trauma Survivors? Why is it that right brain therapy may be ...
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Effects Of Childhood Trauma

The effects of childhood trauma can be devastating and, in the absence of effective therapy, can last well into adulthood ...
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Enabling Fathers And Narcissistic Mothers

ABOVE : VIDEO SUMMARY OF ARTICLE. Parents can hurt their children both by acts of commission (what they do) and ...
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Basic Needs Of Children And Effect Of Their Denial

If we have suffered significant childhood trauma we will, inevitably, have been denied some of our basic needs. But, what ...
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Why Don’t Doctors Ask About Childhood Trauma?

Why don't doctors ask about childhood trauma? The ACE (Adverse Childhood Experiences) study, and a very large body of research ...
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Complex PTSD Treatment

What is the best complex PTSD treatment? The NHS (UK) recommend that those suffering from complex PTSD undergo three stages ...
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What Is Clinical Hypnosis?

What is clinical hypnosis? In the hypnotic state, the individual becomes extremely relaxed and has an increased ability to concentrate ...
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‘Amygdala Hijack’ And BPD

One of the main, and most problematic, symptoms that those with borderline personality disorder (BPD) suffer from is the experiencing ...
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Ego State Therapy For Treatment Of CPTSD

EGO STATE THERAPY is an approach to treating complex posttraumatic stress disorder (cPTSD) and is sometimes referred to as 'parts ...
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BPD Sufferers Over-React To Facial Expressions

A study conducted by Donegan et al, 2003, found that sufferers of borderline personality disorder (BPD) were prone to interpreting ...
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Conversion Disorder And Its Link To Childhood Trauma

The term conversion disorder refers to a condition in which physical symptoms are manifested as a result of an underlying ...
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Alfred Adler : The Importance Of How We Reconstruct The Past

Alfred Adler (1870-1937), the famous Austrian psychotherapist, emphasized that it is our interpretation of the past, rather than the 'objective' past ...
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What Is Psychic Numbing?

Severe emotional distress and trauma can lead to a psychological defense known as psychic numbing. Psychic numbing occurs when our ...
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Effects Of Divorce On Children Under Five

What Are The Effects Of Divorce On Children Under Five? I have already written more generally about the effect of ...
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Structural Dissociation Theory

Structural dissociation theory was developed by Van der Hart, Nijenhuis and Steele (2006). Essentially, this theory relates to the idea ...
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Effects Of Trauma Should Be Addressed Rather Than Its Events

According to J Fisher, PhD, Assistant Educational Director of The Sensorimotor Psychotherapy Institute and author of the book Healing The ...
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Thin-Skinned? Its Link To BPD.

Do people ever accuse you of being thin-skinned? If we have developed borderline personality disorder (BPD) as a result of ...
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Health Anxiety : Its Link To Childhood Trauma

We have already seen that, all else being equal, an individual who suffers significant childhood trauma is at greater risk ...
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Somatic Experiencing Therapy : Healing The Dysfunctional Nervous System

Dr Peter Levine's somatic experiencing therapy is predicated upon idea that the disturbing symptoms of PTSD are substantially caused by the ...
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Childhood Trauma and PTSD – Facts and Fiction

David Hosier BSc Hons; MSc; PGDE(FAHE) ...
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Only Attracted To Those Who Won’t Reciprocate Your Feelings?

If, as children, we grew up with parents who we perceived as not reciprocating our love we may, as adults, ...
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So-Called ‘Psychopathic Traits’ In Adolescents Often Symptoms Of Intense Emotional Distress

A recent study conducted at the University of Vermount and published in the Journal Of Child Abnormal Psychology by psychological ...
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The Emotional Regulation System And Its Three Subsystems

Our emotional regulation system determines how well we are able to control our emotions and neuroscientific studies strongly suggest that ...
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Emotional Shutdown And Its Link To Childhood Trauma

Do you ever feel you have entered a state of 'emotional shutdown'? How we were treated as children by our ...
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Posttraumatic Growth : Achieving Maslow’s ‘Self-Actualization’

Achieving Self-Actualization : The concept of posttraumatic growth hinges on the idea that, although suffering trauma can be devastating, some ...
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Linehan’s Biological Vulnerability Model Of BPD

Linehan (1993) proposes that various biological aberrations contribute to borderline personality disorder (BPD) which causes sufferers great difficulty controlling (regulating) ...
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Fear Of Success Stemming From Having Envious Parents

When I was sixteen and received my O-level (the formal exams most school children took at this age in the ...
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Childhood Trauma Leading To Addiction And Crime

  We have seen in previous articles published on this site that, if we have experienced significant childhood trauma, we ...
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Childhood Trauma Leading To Social Isolation As Adult

Childhood Trauma And Social Isolation: If, as a result of our childhood trauma, we develop, in adulthood, mental illnesses such ...
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Why Psychological Abuse By Parents Can Cause Greater Psychopathology In Children Than Extreme Poverty Or War

Silvano Arieti, in his classic book Interpretations Of Schizophrenia, emphasized the view that it is childhood adverse experiences, such as ...
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Childhood Trauma, Obsessions, Compulsions And Rituals

Research conducted by Mathews, Kaur and Stein at the University of California examined the association between childhood trauma and the ...
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BPD Sufferers Likely To View Life As Meaningless

Research carried out by Wiley et al has found that psychiatric patients suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) have feelings ...
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Emotional Intensity Disorder

Many who have been diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (a condition strongly associated with a history of significant and long-lasting ...
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Effects Of Parents’ Own Unresolved Trauma On Their Children

Alice Miller (1923 - 2010), the world renowned psychologist and psychoanalyst, theorized that many victims of childhood trauma are unconsciously driven ...
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Perfectionism Linked To Having Inflexible, Authoritarian Parents

Having excessively high standards, to the point we feel highly anxious unless whatever we undertake we get precisely right, can ...
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BPD, Algopsychalia And Examples Of Specific, Amplified Emotions

In my last article I wrote about how borderline personality disorder (BPD) sufferers are especially likely to suffer from intense, ...
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BPD And Algopsychalia

For several years, unremittingly, I was in a constant state of intense psychological torment. I realize this sounds melodramatic or ...
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Hypnosis : Why Some Throw Baby Out With Bath Water

Unfortunately, in the past, hypnosis and hypnotherapy have received a bad press. Why is this? There are, perhaps, three main ...
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Why Some Individuals ‘Bounce Back’ And Thrive After Trauma

I have already published many articles on this site showing how significant and protracted trauma during childhood can lead to ...
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Emotionally Unresponsive Parents

My parents divorced when I was eight and I spent much time between then and the age of thirteen acting ...
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Social Learning Theory And Childhood Maltreatment.

Albert Bandura developed a theory known as SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY during the 1960s which stated that we learn our behaviours ...
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The ‘Still Face’ Experiment

ABOVE : SHORT VIDEO SUMMARY OF ARTICLE As new born babies, we enter the world 'hard wired' (i.e. neurologically predisposed) ...
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Complex Trauma : Some Important, Lesser Known Facts

Complex Trauma : Lesser Known, Important Facts. The majority of individuals who come into contact with mental health services have ...
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Does Trying To Relax Paradoxically Increase Your Anxiety?

Paradoxically, trying to relax can actually make some people feel more anxious and stressed, not less. When I was extremely ...
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Development Of Self-Worth And Its Relationship To Trauma

The journey of recovery from trauma is facilitated by our understanding of how our feelings of self-worth (or self-worthlessness) developed ...
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Recovery From Complex PTSD

  According to Peter Levine, an expert on the adverse effects of childhood trauma on our adult lives and the ...
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‘Incest Panic’

In his immensely helpful book, 'Healing Trauma', Peter Levine, PhD., describes a phenomenon that he terms 'incest panic'. Levine proposes ...
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Childhood Trauma May Accelerate Ageing Process And Reduce Life Expectancy

Research conducted by Puterman (University of Columbia, Canada), a specialist in stress and ageing, suggests that those of us who ...
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Crying Helps Re-Engagement With Authentic Feelings

    Why Do We Cry? Benefits Of Crying: As a child, even well into my teens, I cried extremely ...
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Parenting Styles And Their Potential Effects On Children

The psychologist Edith Dewey, building on ideas originally put forward by the famous psychotherapist and psychiatrist Alfred Adler (1870 - ...
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Harmful Effects Of Labelling The Child As ‘Bad’.

'Acting Out' Many children who have been emotionally hurt and traumatized 'act out' their intense feelings of confusion, pain, fear, ...
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Prolonged Exposure Therapy And Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Major symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex posttraumatic stress disorder (cPTSD) - click here to read about the ...
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Can Children Be Diagnosed With Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)?

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is usually diagnosed in adulthood or late adolescence. But can children suffer from this serious psychiatric ...
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What Factors Increase Child’s Risk Of Emotional Maltreatment?

According to the National Incidence Study Of Abuse And Neglect (NIS 4, 2010) children are more likely to be emotionally ...
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Those Raised In Care Homes More Likely To Develop Paranoia

In the past, research on how schizophrenia develops in individuals focused heavily on genetic factors. However, more recent research is ...
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Early Trauma Can ‘Shut Down’ Prefrontal Cortex

THE PREFRONTAL CORTEX : First, I will describe the main functions of the brain's prefrontal cortex ; they are as follows ...
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Effect Of Parents With Low Empathy For Others’ Feelings

Parents with low empathy typically show little or no regret, remorse or guilt when they behave in ways that hurt ...
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Famous People Who Endured Traumatic Childhoods

The following celebrities all suffered significant childhood trauma : NICKI MINAG : She was born in the Caribbean and soon ...
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Early Trauma’s Effect On Development Of Id And Ego

According to psychodynamic theory, originally associated with Sigmund Freud (but modernized by various psychologists since), the most crucial part of ...
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Why Children Idealize Their Parents

Why Children Idealize Their Parents When people choose to have children, they are essentially creating a being who is biologically ...
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Why Is Physical Illness More Common In PTSD Sufferers?

If we have suffered from significant childhood trauma leading to the development of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in our ...
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2 Opposite Ways The Child Responds To Stress : Hyperarousal And Dissociation

When, as children, we are subjected to trauma, stress, fear and even terror, our nervous systems may respond in two, ...
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BPD Sufferers May Have Subtle Learning Difficulties

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) And Learning Difficulties : Research suggests that individuals who suffer from borderline personality disorder (BPD) may ...
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Overcoming Early Life Insecure Attachment

As we have seen in other posts that I have published on this site, some babies are prevented from forming ...
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‘Primary Maternal Preoccupation’ And The Infant

The psychoanalyst Winnicott believed that the primary and most fundamental need of the human being is a close emotional and ...
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Are You The Family Symptom Bearer?

What Is A Family Symptom Bearer? In psychology, the term 'family symptom bearer'  essentially refers to a scapegoat in the ...
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How Our Own Pain Can Reduce Our Concern About The Pain Of Others

According to psychodynamic theory, if, as young children, we experienced feelings which caused us severe psychological pain, we are likely ...
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Basic Human Emotional Needs

  We have seen from numerous other articles that I have published on this site that if we suffered significant ...
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Vital Environmental Factors That Can Prevent Recovery From PTSD And BPD

If, as a result of childhood trauma, we have developed post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or borderline personality disorder (BPD) ...
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When Parents Threaten Their Child With Violence

I have written elsewhere about how my mother was prone to unpredictable, unprovoked outbursts of extreme hostility when I was ...
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Healthy Guilt Versus Unhealthy Guilt

Healthy And Unhealthy Guilt : Like all emotions, feelings of guilt evolved in humans for their 'survival value.' However, feeling ...
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Does Your Personality Feel ‘Fragmented’?

Some people who experienced significant childhood disorder go on to develop dissociative identity disorder (DID) which causes the different aspects ...
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Prolonged Grief Disorder In Children And Adolescents

Current research suggests that children who experience the death of a loved one may develop a syndrome known as prolonged grief ...
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BPD, Object Relations Theory And Splitting.

The OBJECTS RELATIONS THEORY of borderline personality disorder was proposed by Kohut at the beginning of the 1970s and is ...
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‘Distress Intolerance’ : Do Your Feelings Sometimes Feel Unbearable?

The term DISTRESS INTOLERANCE refers to a frame of mind in which we consider the mental pain, anguish or discomfort ...
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‘Adultification’ Of The Child By The Parent.

'Adultification' of a child by a parent entails that parent inappropriately assigning the child an adult role within the family ...
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Controlling And Sociopathic Parents

Controlling and sociopathic parents will tend to see their child as an object/possession to be controlled and exploited according to ...
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Three Unconscious Psychological Defenses Against Inner Feelings Of Shame

According to psychodynamic theory, if, as babies, we are subjected to significant emotional abuse by the primary caregiver (usually the ...
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Hypnosis For Headaches

Hypnosis Treatment For Headaches : Research suggests that if we suffered from significant and protracted childhood trauma we will, as ...
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Twelve Examples Of Traumatic Childhood Experiences

Below I list, and briefly describe, twelve traumatic experiences that may befall us in childhood (although they are in no ...
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How Deeply Do You Need To Be Hypnotized For Therapeutic Benefits?

Many people assume that the more deeply a person is hypnotized, the more likely it is that s/he will derive ...
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How To Control Emotions

'I don't want to be at the mercy of mt emotions. I want to use them, to enjoy them, and ...
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How Parental Stress Affects The Child’s Biology

Children of stressed parents are, unsurprisingly, more likely to be stressed themselves; this is true for various reasons: 1) It ...
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Mental Health For Parents

Many parents with mental health problems are concerned about the effects their condition may have upon their children and also ...
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Reducing Hyperarousal Caused By Childhood Trauma

We have seen that the experience of severe childhood trauma can lead to severe symptoms hyperarousal in adult life due ...
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Hypnosis For Simple Phobias

Research shows that those who suffered significant trauma as children are at elevated risk of developing anxiety conditions as adults; ...
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Horowitz’s Information Processing Theory, Flashbacks And Nightmares

According to the psychological researcher Horowitz, some symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be understood more clearly with reference ...
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Effect Of Childhood Trauma On The Limbic System

If we have suffered severe and chronic childhood trauma, there is a risk that an area of our brain called ...
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Recovering Our Self-Esteem : 6 Key Elements.

If we have experienced significant childhood trauma, such as parental rejection, our self-esteem is likely to have been severely damaged ...
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Emotionally Unstable Parents

    The intense and constantly and dramatically fluctuating moods of the emotionally unstable parent permeate and dominate the household ...
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Take The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Survey

Perhaps the best known study on the effects of adverse childhood experiences on later life was conducted by Felleti and ...
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Did Kurt Cobain Suffer From Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)?

In the early nineties, whilst I was a student at Goldsmiths College, University of London, I was a big fan ...
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Effects Of Authoritarian Parents

What Are Authoritarian Parents? Authoritarian parents are strict, endeavour to exercise strong control over their children, may use corporal punishment ...
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Abandonment Issues

If we were rejected as a child by parents/primary caregivers we are at high risk of growing up into adults ...
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Mental Illness, Nature And Nurture.

We have seen that those of us who suffered significant childhood trauma are more likely than those who were fortunate ...
Read More

What Is ‘Trauma Informed’ Therapy?

Many individuals who seek treatment and therapy for problems such as alcoholism, drug addiction, clinical depression, severe anxiety, anger management ...
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Hallmarks Of Low And High Functioning BPD Sufferers.

 High Functioning Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) And Low Functioning BPD  Those who have developed borderline personality disorder (BPD) as a consequence ...
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Are ‘People Pleasers’ Created By Their Childhoods?

  Guilt, as we know, is a mentally uncomfortable or painful feeling that arises when we do something that conflicts ...
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PTSD Sufferers More Likely To Be Obese.

PTSD And Obesity Currently, in the UK, about 65% of men and 58% of women are clinically classified as being ...
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Childhood Trauma And The Development Of Impulse Control Disorders.

If, as adults, we find we have poor impulse control, this may be, in large part, due to the legacy ...
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Does BPD Run In Families?

      The short answer is yes. If a first degree relative (such as our mother or father) has ...
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Childhood Trauma, BPD, Genes And Culture.

We already know, from other articles that I have published on this site, that if we suffered significant childhood trauma ...
Read More

BPD Sufferers Do Not Choose To Be Self-Absorbed.

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) And Self-Absorption : We have seen in many, many articles on this site, how childhood trauma ...
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Self-Defeating Personality? Its Link To Childhood Trauma.

Why Do Some Seem To Have A Self-Defeating Personality? I have written elsewhere on this site about how my illness ...
Read More

Parental Alienation Syndrome

  In simple terms, parental alienation syndrome (Gardner, 1985), refers to the psychological effects on the child when one parent (in ...
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Childhood Trauma Permanently Scars Brain

Three critical brain regions that may be adversely affected by significant and chronic childhood trauma are : 1) The thalamus ...
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Koro (Or The Incredible Shrinking Manhood).

It has taken me a very long time indeed to pluck up the courage to write this post, such was ...
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Michael Jackson, Projective Identification And Childhood Trauma

Michael Jackson's Childhood Trauma It is well documented that Michael Jackson suffered childhood trauma. In interviews he described how his ...
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BPD And Objects Relations Theory

  What Is Meant By Objects Relations Theory? In broad terms, it is the theory of how people interact and ...
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The Trauma Of Being An Adopted Child

Children who become adopted have usually previously been orphaned or seriously abused prior to the adoption. Often, too, they will ...
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My Humiliating Psychosomatic Response To Childhood Trauma

I have thought about writing this article previously on many occasions but have been prevented by what I realize is ...
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BPD – A Masked Illness : And Why It’s Hard To Identify

We have seen from other posts how childhood trauma, especially multiple and cumulative trauma, is strongly associated with the development ...
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BPD : How It Affects Men And Women Differently

We have seen that those who have experienced significant childhood trauma are more likely than the average person to develop ...
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Five Types Of Amnesia Linked To Childhood Trauma

I have written elsewhere in other articles that I have published on this site that I can remember virtually nothing ...
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Online Therapies : The Advantages

  Online Therapies : We have seen from other articles that I have posted on this site that those of us who ...
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Hartman’s 12 Stages Of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

I have written extensively on this site about how severe and chronic childhood trauma can lead to the development of ...
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Brain Areas That May Be Adversely Affected By Childhood Trauma

If we have been unfortunate enough to have been subjected to severe and chronic childhood trauma, it is possible that ...
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Feelings Of Alienation And Disconnectedness Linked To Childhood Trauma

If we have suffered severe and protracted childhood trauma, especially if it has resulted in post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), ...
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Four Types Of Stress Exacerbated By Childhood Trauma

Childhood Trauma And Stress We have already seen that those of us who have suffered severe and chronic childhood trauma ...
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Unrequited Love : Its Link To Childhood Trauma

Do you find you have a tendency to fall in love with those who are very unlikely to reciprocate your ...
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Suicide : Who’s Particularly At Risk?

We have already seen that those who have suffered severe and chronic childhood trauma are at an increased risk of ...
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Why A Part Of You May Have Remained Very Childlike.

As a teenager, when upset, under stress or in conflict with my parents/step - parent (and at any given time, ...
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Early Life Trauma Can Reprogram Our DNA

Research has now clearly demonstrated that our genes and, therefore, their effects on our personality and behaviour, can be influenced ...
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Empathetic Stress And Its Effects On Babies’ Psychological Development.

When I was about twelve, after my parents had been divorced for about four years, my mother took it upon ...
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Why We May Severely Over-react To Minor Stressors.

We have seen from previous articles that I have posted on this site that, if we suffered chronic stress during ...
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Nine Key Recovery Targets For BPD Sufferers

  We have already seen from other articles published on this site that those of us who suffered severe childhood ...
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Emotional Instability Disorder : The Role Of Parents

The World Health Organization (WHO) describes emotional instability disorder as being very similar to borderline personality disorder (BPD). WHO list ...
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Effects Of Parents Treating Their Children With Contempt

A particularly devastating form of emotional abuse is when parents or primary caregivers treat their children with contempt. Psychologists define ...
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Arrested Development : Are Adult BPD Sufferers Eternal 13-Year-Olds?

Many people, such as, most famously, the now deceased Michael Jackson during his adulthood, want to be forever young. But ...
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3 Ways To Repair Brain Damage Caused By Protracted Childhood Trauma

We have already seen in other articles that I have posted on this site that significant and protracted childhood trauma can ...
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How Emotional Suffering Is Like Physical Pain.

At the height of my own mental turmoil, which lasted many years, my emotional suffering and distress was so intense ...
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Types Of Mother Whose Parenting May Be Harmful

The clinical psychologist, Poulter, has put forward the notion that there are five main types of mothers, each type with ...
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Childhood Trauma Leading To The Need To ‘Self-Medicate’.

Childhood Trauma And Self-Medication Until a few years ago I consumed excessive amounts of alcohol (leading to some appalling consequences ...
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Brain Inflammation Resulting From Childhood Trauma

Research on the brain carried out by McCarthy suggests that if a child is subjected to significant, chronic stress, particularly ...
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Learning To Trust Again After Childhood Betrayal

  If we suffered parental abuse during our childhood, this clearly equates to a serious betrayal. Being betrayed by one's ...
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Why Parents May Ignore Their Child’s Mental Illness

I have written elsewhere on this site that I suffered an alarming array of blatant psychological problems as a child, so ...
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Why It’s So Hard To Talk About Our Experience Of Severe Trauma

 Why Trauma Can Be So Hard To Talk About  'Language is a cracked kettle on which we beat out tunes ...
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The Harmful Effects Of Mainstream Schooling.

There exists an ever growing body of evidence that suggests the school system is very far away indeed from being ...
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The Vital Importance Of Having Our Traumatic Experiences Validated.

Research has established, beyond doubt, that, all else being equal, the greater our experience of childhood trauma, the worse both ...
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Traumatic Amnesia Resulting From Childhood Trauma

I can remember very little indeed about my childhood before the age of about eight, even major events that I ...
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Overcoming Insomnia

We have already seen that those of us who have experienced significant childhood trauma are at increased risk of developing ...
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Anxiety : Personality Characteristics Which May Intensify It.

We have seen from several articles that I have already published on this site that if we have suffered significant ...
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Living With Mental Agony

For many years of my life, I was in a state of unremitting, intense mental pain; indeed, terms like mental ...
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Night Terrors : Sleep Paralysis

What Is Sleep Paralysis? Perhaps three of four dozen times in my life, a very unnerving thing has happened to ...
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Jailed Parents: Effects On The Child

Whilst neither of my parents were ever imprisoned, when I was about ten or eleven years old, after my parents ...
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Why We’re Never Satisfied : Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs.

If we suffered childhood trauma, we are more likely than others who were fortunate enough to have experienced a relatively ...
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When Parents Evict Their Child.

My mother forced me out of her house when I was thirteen. I went to live with my father and ...
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Radical Acceptance : A Method To Help Us Cope With Trauma

The psychologist, Marsha Linehan, founder of Behavioral Tech, developed the therapeutic method known as radical acceptance in order to help ...
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The Relationship With The Sociopathic Mother

According to the psychotherapist Christine Louise de Canonville, sociopaths tend to follow a particular pattern in their relationship with others, ...
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Effects Of Repressed Anger Towards Parents

Above video summarizes this article. What Are The Effects Of Repressed Anger Towards Parents? If our parent/s caused us significant ...
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Ten Main Causes Of Childhood Trauma

The Main Causes Of Childhood Trauma : A major study into the effects of childhood trauma, the ACEs (Adverse Childhood ...
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Why Girls May Be Worse Affected By Childhood Trauma Than Boys.

Approximately 2℅ of boys who have experienced just one ACE (Adverse Childhood Experience) go on to develop chronic depression. In ...
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Addressing Childhood Trauma To Treat Addictions

  Treating Addiction : Addicts, sadly, are too frequently blamed for not being able to overcome their addictions; however, this ...
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Childhood Depression: Risk Factors And Why It Is Underdiagnosed.

Undiagnosed Childhood Depression Whilst there are many similarities between childhood depression and adult depression, there are also some important differences ...
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Four Very Common Reactions To Childhood Trauma

Research has shown that there are four main characteristics that children who have suffered significant childhood trauma very frequently display ...
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Why We Must Stop Blaming Ourselves For Our Mistreatment.

  Self-Blame It is an established fact that most children who are mistreated by their parents or primary care givers ...
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Highly Sensitive People (HSPs) And Childhood Trauma

Highly Sensitive People Are you a Highly Sensitive Person (HSP)? Do people say things to you like : you're over-reacting; what ...
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Personality Types A,B,C and D And Their Relationship To Childhood Trauma

We have seen in other articles published on this site that if we experience significant trauma during our childhood we ...
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Shame Caused By Childhood Trauma And How We Try To Repress It.

Effects Of Repressed Shame : We have seen in other articles published on this site that if we have experienced ...
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‘Humor’: How Parents May Use It To Emotionally Wound Their Children

How can parents' use of 'humor' potentially hurt their children? I remember when I was very young, perhaps 3 or ...
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Excessive Need To Be In Control Resulting From Childhood Trauma

If we experienced a traumatic childhood in which we felt frequently under threat, in danger, vulnerable, powerless and entirely lacking ...
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Characteristics Of Perpetrators Of Domestic Violence.

Domestic Violence And Children : We have seen in other articles that I have published on this site that children ...
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Why We May Think Obsessively About Our Childhood Trauma

Certain family members have, in the past, objected to my preoccupation with my childhood. However, such criticism is predicated upon ...
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Childhood Trauma : Adverse Effects Of Physical Punishment.

Whilst physical punishment, such as smacking, may produce immediate compliance by the child with a parent's wishes in some situations, ...
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Effects Of ‘Workaholic’ Parents On Children

What Are The Effects Of Workaholic Parents On Children? 'Workaholism' can be seen as an obsessive behaviour, or an addiction ...
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How Our Innate Sense Of Trust Can Be Shattered.

  When I was about nine or ten years old, about two years after my parents had divorced and I ...
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‘Acting Out’ And Childhood Trauma

Young people who express their psychological turmoil by directing their negative feelings OUTWARD onto the environment (e.g. vandalism) or other ...
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Childhood Trauma : The ACE (Adverse Childhood Experiences) Study

The Adverse Childhood Experiences Study (ACE Study) is a research study conducted by the American health maintenance organization Kaiser Permanente and the Centers for Disease Control ...
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Childhood Trauma : Abuse Between Siblings

The short video below summarizes the main points of this article. To READ THE FULL ARTICLE, scroll down. OR, to ...
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The Link Between Childhood Trauma And Addiction.

    We have seen in other articles that I have published on this site that those of us who ...
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How The Brain Can Change And Recover From Harm.

  Whilst the basic structure of the brain is formed by early childhood, this physical structure changes throughout life as a ...
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Why The Child May See ‘Bad’ Parents As ‘Good.’

Why do children often idealize abusive parents? When we are children, our own home environment is the only one we know; we ...
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Five Types Of Dysregulation Linked To Childhood Trauma.

I have written extensively on this site about the link between the experience of significant childhood trauma and the possible ...
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Dysfunctional Families: Types And Effects

ABOVE - SHORT VIDEO SUMMARY OF ARTICLE (Dysfunctional Families : Types And Effects). What Is A Dysfunctional Family? A dysfunctional ...
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Do You Have Depersonalization Disorder? The Symptoms.

Depersonaliztion Disorder Symptoms : We have already seen that the experience of severe trauma can lead to us reacting (although ...
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Depersonalization: How Trauma Can Leave Us Feeling ‘Unreal.’

One of the (myriad) symptoms of my illness can, perhaps, be best conveyed by the following example : I would ...
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The Serious Harm Trauma Can Do To Our Nervous System

Not very long ago, I was in the supermarket, and, as the till assistant was scanning my shopping items, he ...
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How Trauma Can Profoundly Alter Our Worldview

  Severe and protracted trauma in childhood can lead to PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder) - like symptoms and full-blown ...
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The Current State Of Children’s Mental Health : A Snapshot

We have seen that childhood trauma can lead to very serious mental health problems, but what is the overall state ...
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Can Child Abuse Lead To Adult Paedophilia?

Paedophilia is the sexual attraction of adults to prepubescent children. Research into paedophilia is hindered by the fact that most ...
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A Closer Look At Overcoming An Inferiority Complex

We have already seen that those of us who suffered significant childhood trauma are at increased risk of developing an ...
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Were You The Emotional Caretaker Of A Parent As A Child?

I have written elsewhere that, not long after my parents divorced when I was eight, I, in effect, became my ...
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Did Your Dysfunctional Family Make You The ‘Identified Patient’?

  'The person [in the family] who gets diagnosed is part of a wider network of extremely disturbed and disturbing ...
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Expressing Childhood Trauma Through Externalizing Behavior

Externalizing Behavior : Have you ever smashed a piece of crockery or something similar out of anger or frustration? (I ...
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Characteristics Of Abusive Mothers

Abusive Mothers : What Are Their Characteristics? It may come as a surprise to many, but, in the case of ...
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Growing Up In A Step-Family : Possible Negative Effects

Growing Up In A Step-Family : My father remarried when I was eleven and a couple of years later, having ...
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Were You Ignored As A Child?

After my mother threw me out of her house when I was thirteen, I had no choice but to move ...
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The Day My Mother Threw Me Out At Thirteen Years Of Age.

My parents divorced when I was eight. My father therefore moved out, leaving me to live with my highly unstable ...
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Those In Grip Of BPD Do NOT Deserve Blame For Their Actions

  We have seen in many other articles that I have posted on this site that there is a strong ...
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Why And How Childhood Trauma Can Turn Us Into Addicts

  We frail humans can, all too easily, become addicted, psychologically and/or physically, to a large array of substances and ...
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Is Your Mother Narcissistic?

I have already published several articles on the effects on us of being brought up by a narcissistic parent. In ...
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Childhood Trauma Linked To Adult IBS.

Up to fifty percent of adults who suffer from IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome) report having experienced significant trauma during their ...
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3 Types Of Emotional Control Difficulties Resulting From Childhood Trauma

We know that those who suffer significant childhood trauma are more likely to suffer from emotional dysregulation (i.e. problems controlling their emotions) ...
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Childhood Trauma Link To Excessive Dreaming During Sleep.

I have written, elsewhere on this site, how, at its worst, my insomnia was causing me to wake up extremely ...
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Possible Life-Long Effects Of Toxic Stress On The Child.

We have been programmed by evolution to have physical responses to perceived dangers and threats. These evolved to prepare our ...
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Possible Effects Of Being Raised By An Unloving Mother.

BELOW : 8 POTENTIAL EFFECTS OF BEING RAISED BY AN UNLOVING MOTHER (3 minute video summary of article). The infant's/child's ...
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Why Some Parents Are In Denial About Their Child’s Mental Health.

When I told my mother and older brother (on separate occasions, and over the telephone) that my medical team (which ...
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90℅ Of Young Offenders Have Experienced Trauma.

Ninety percent cent of young people caught up in the youth justice system have experienced significant childhood trauma. Furthermore, 70℅ ...
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The Injustice Of Prejudice Against BPD Sufferers.

It is indeed a tragedy and injustice that many people who suffer from borderline personality disorder (BPD), a condition which ...
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Overcoming An Inferiority Complex Caused By Childhood Trauma

There are many ways that during our childhood our risk of developing an inferiority complex as adults can be increased ...
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Constantly Feeling ‘Empty’? Effects And Solutions.

We have seen in other articles posted on this site that those who suffered significant childhood trauma are at increased ...
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Do You Feel You Got Psychologically ‘Stuck’ At The Time Of Your Trauma?

If we experienced significant trauma in the past we may find we became intensely, psychologically caught up in it, and ...
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Sadistic-Narcissistic Parents And Their Effects

Sadistic-narcissistic parents need to feel superior to others and maintain power and control over them. In order to achieve this ...
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Characteristics Of Narcissistic Mothers

I have already published several articles about narcissism on this site (see MAIN MENU AT TOP OF PAGE) but, in ...
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How PTSD Can Leave Us Feeling Unremittingly Exhausted.

Many sufferers of PTSD feel constantly exhausted and, in this article, I want to examine the reasons why: Causes of ...
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Childhood Emotional Neglect And Avoidant Personality Disorder (AvPD)

  The Link Between Childhood Emotional Neglect And Avoidant Personality Disorder : It is thought that about 2-3% of individuals ...
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High and Low Functioning In BPD Sufferers.

I have looked in detail at the association between childhood trauma and its role in contributing to the development of ...
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Unloving Mothers : Their Effects On Their Children

What Are The Effects Of Unloving Mothers? The need of the infant for his/her mother's love is one which is ...
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Pathological Lying : Its Link To Childhood Trauma

  What Is A Pathological Liar? Those who have suffered significant childhood trauma are more likely to become pathological liars ...
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The Effect Of Divorce On Children

What Is The Effect Of Divorce On Children? My own parents divorced when I was eight years old. Initially, when ...
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Can Hypnosis Help With Mental Illness?

I have written in other articles on this site about how helpful I have found self-hypnosis in my own (I ...
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Effects Of Parental Depression On The Toddler

A study conducted at Northwestern University has provided evidence that both a mothers' and a fathers' depression can have equally ...
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Chronic Resentment (And How To Channel Anger Positively).

Violence in movies and on the small screen is, in case you hadn't noticed, ubiquitous. Indeed, violent films can gross ...
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Identity Problems And Their Link To Childhood Trauma

How are identity problems linked to childhood trauma? Our identity (ie how we define ourselves) is based upon our beliefs, ...
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Feel Permanently, Emotionally Numb? The Possible Roots In Childhood Trauma.

Emotional numbness is a coping mechanism that can be necessary to psychologically protect us when traumatic events are occurring. However, ...
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Afraid Of Going To Sleep?

Are You Afraid Of Going To Sleep? My so-called 'sleep' (it's stretching things to dignify it with that word, actually, ...
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Why Do People Self-Harm? Six Possible Reasons.

In my last post I wrote about a specific type of self-harm known as compulsive skin picking disorder and how, in the ...
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Childhood Trauma Leading To Compulsive Skin Picking

 Stop Skin Picking As a child, from the age of about ten, my brother ( three years older than me) ...
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Emotionally Immature Parents : Effects On Their Children.

The Emotionally Immature Parent: Emotionally immature parents fail to connect with their children on an emotional level. This can leave ...
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Pathological Perfectionism May Be Linked To Childhood

A person who is a pathological perfectionist may be defined as one who feels obsessively driven to continually meet the ...
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Wrongly Diagnosed With BPD?

We have seen that if a person has suffered significant and protracted childhood trauma, she or he is at greatly ...
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Childhood Trauma Can Create Brain Wired For Fear

We have seen from other articles I have published on this site that psychological experiences, especially when young, can actually ...
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Childhood Emotional Neglect :The Possible Repercussions.

Childhood emotional neglect tends to operate 'below the radar' as it's more a matter of what the parents don't do ...
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Were You A Depressed Child? The Possible Causes.

I was a depressed child myself - always crying or having some kind of hysterical tantrum, and, on top of ...
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Insecure As Child? Were You Suffering From Separation Anxiety?

Separation Anxiety And The Insecure Child When I was twelve years old I went on a French exchange with my ...
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Ten Methods For Reducing Anxiety

As  I explain elsewhere on this site, those of us who have experienced significant childhood trauma are more likely to ...
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Twelve Signs We Are Recovering From The Effects Of Childhood Trauma

These 12 signs that we are recovering from our traumatic experiences are as follows: 1) More able to live in ...
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Borderline Personality Disorder And Childhood Trauma

Borderline Personality Disorder And Childhood Trauma : We can say, with a very considerable degree of confidence indeed, that there ...
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The Amazing Power Of Visualization Therapy

Despite the name of this therapy - 'VISUALIZATION ' - it involves not just the visual sense, but can also ...
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Why Does Traumatic Experience Harm Some People More Than Others?

People are affected by the experience of trauma in different ways. What factors are behind these individual differences in response ...
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Childhood Trauma Leading To Adult Paranoia

If we suffered from childhood trauma, particularly if, as a child, we felt frequently persecuted, then, all else being equal, ...
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Unconscious Processes : How Our Past Affects Our Present.

Our past experiences, in particular our childhood experiences, create in our brains unconscious processes that affect our present. This idea ...
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Schizophrenia: Study Reveals Those Traumatized In Childhood Up To Fifty Times More Likely To Develop It

Does Childhood Trauma Cause Schizophrenia? I remember when I was doing my first degree in psychology at the University of ...
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Physical Brain Differences In Those Who Suffer Severe Anxiety.

Research suggests that those who suffer from severe anxiety conditions have brains which are different in terms of structure, chemistry ...
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Is Your Anxiety Caused By Hyperventilation? A Look At The Science.

Hyperventilation (deriving from HYPER = TOO MUCH and VENTILATION = AIR MOVEMENT) refers to a type of breathing which is ...
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Brains Of Children Exposed To Domestic Violence Affected In Similar Way To Exposure To Combat

A study carried out at University College London (UCL) has found that when a child is continually exposed to domestic ...
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Symptoms Of PTSD Most Prevalent According To Different Age Categories

We have seen in other articles that I have published on this site that severe childhood trauma can lead to ...
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Anger And ‘Thinking Errors’ (Cognitive Distortions).

I have already written several articles which have been published on this site about how certain types of childhood trauma ...
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Erotomania: Its Origins In Childhood Trauma

Erotomania is also sometimes known as de Clerambault's Syndrome and refers to a psychotic delusion held by the person suffering from it ...
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Signs Of Obsessive Love Disorder

Signs Of Obsessive Love Disorder I have written in other posts (e.g. click here) on this site about how some ...
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Splitting: Effects of BPD Parent Seeing The Child Only In Terms Of ‘All Good’ Or ‘All Bad’.

The BPD Parent And The Child Parents with borderline personality disorder (BPD) - click here to read one of my ...
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Child Trauma Linked To Adult Poverty. But Does Money Buy Happiness?

I have written elsewhere about how, if we suffered significant childhood trauma, we are more likely to have financial difficulties ...
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Early Stardom : The Drawbacks

How many young people yearn to achieve stardom? A lot, if the numbers of them who audition for shows like ...
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Childhood Trauma : A Destroyer of Self-Esteem

How Low Self-Esteem Makes Us Feel : We have seen in previous articles that I've posted on this site how ...
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Idealization Of Others : A Defense Mechanism Stemming From Childhood Trauma

Within the discipline of psychology there exists a concept known as 'splitting'. Splitting refers to a false perception of seeing others ...
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Why Betrayal In Childhood May Increase Risk Of Being Revictimised As An Adult

Whilst much research has been conducted suggesting that those of us who were betrayed by parents/primary caregivers in our early ...
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The Gifted Child : Characteristics And Potential Problems.

What Is Meant By 'A Gifted Child'? According to the National Association For Gifted Children, a gifted child is one ...
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Indirect Abuse: Effects On Children Of Witnessing Domestic Violence.

Domestic violence often involves a man physically abusing a woman on repeated occasions (although it can, of course, involve a woman ...
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Fifteen Ways To Overcome Anxiety

  I myself suffered from excruciatingly painful and paralysing anxiety for many years, at one stage leading to an extremely ...
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Childhood Trauma And ADHD : Is PTSD Being Misdiagnosed As ADHD?

This article considers the possible link between childhood trauma and ADHD. However, to clear up any possible misinterpretation of this ...
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How Our Childhoods Can Make Us Feel Worthless And Inadequate.

Feel Worthless And Inadequate? Everyone is born with the potential to develop a high sense of self-worth and value as ...
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Intellectualization as a Defense Mechanism Following Childhood Trauma

Intellectualization is a psychological defense mechanism which serves as an escape route from interacting on an emotional level with others, ...
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Escaping The Pain of The Past

  If we had a troubled childhood, it is not unusual to find we become preoccupied with certain elements of ...
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Psychotic Symptoms In Adolescence Linked To Childhood Trauma

  A recent study (Upthegrove et al) has shown that individuals who have experienced significant childhood trauma are far more ...
Read More

Anxiety, Self-Harm And Suicide: The Statistics

We have seen in other articles that I have published on this site that, if we experienced significant childhood trauma, ...
Read More

Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Misdiagnosis

  Many experts now refer to a condition called complex post traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) to describe a set of ...
Read More

Rebelliousness: Its Link to Childhood Trauma

Rebellious behavior in teenage years is, of course, normal. However, for those who grow up in a household in which ...
Read More

Childhood Depression: Seven Signs (An Infographic).

My own depression, requiring electroconvulsive shock therapy at several points throughout my adulthood, began (albeit at a lower level of ...
Read More

How We Can Stop Being Victims

If we suffered significant childhood trauma, we may considers ourselves as victims. And, by considering ourselves as such, we are likely ...
Read More

Parentification: A Closer Look at The Harmful Effects.

  I have already touched upon the topic of 'parentification' articles but, in this one, wish to examine its possible ...
Read More

2 Ways The Brain Can Change After Trauma

I have already written several articles about how severe childhood trauma can actually cause physical damage to the developing brain ...
Read More

Childhood Trauma Leading to Pathological Care Eliciting Syndrome.

If we received insufficient care as children, when we become adults we may develop an unusually powerful need to gain ...
Read More

Socrates and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

  If we have suffered serious childhood trauma the research indicates that we are more likely than those who enjoyed ...
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Depression: Why Fighting Depressive Feelings can Worsen Them.

Childhood trauma, especially if this involved the experience of being abandoned and rejected (either literally, emotionally or both) can make ...
Read More

PTSD Symptoms : Effect on the PTSD Sufferer’s Intimate Relationships

I have written elsewhere on this site of the connection between the experience of childhood trauma and the later development ...
Read More

Narcissism : The Sub-types.

   Narcissism : I have already written several articles on the possible adverse effects of having been brought up by ...
Read More

Childhood Trauma : Its Link With Future Self-sabotaging Behaviour.

I have already published on this site several articles explaining how, if we have suffered significant childhood trauma, we are ...
Read More

The Narcissistic Defence (And Why It Is Self-Defeating).

If we frequently felt threatened when we were growing up, it is likely we have developed a dysfunctional response to ...
Read More

Are You A Narcissist?

Are You A Narcissist? If we were brought up by a narcissistic parent, it is possible that we ourselves have ...
Read More

Alice Miller: The Link Between Childhood Trauma and Later Violent Behaviour

World renowned expert in child psychology, Alice Miller, drew strong attention to the fact that emotional and psychological abuse could ...
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Emotional Incest

Emotional Incest Emotional incest, also sometimes referred to as covert incest or psychic incest, occurs when a parent expects/forces the ...
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The Trauma of being a Gay Teenager

Young, gay people have a significantly higher suicide rate than their heterosexual peers. This can, in part, be explained by ...
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Depression – Nutritional Deficiencies which can Exacerbate It.

We know that if we have suffered significant trauma during our childhoods we are more prone to depression in our ...
Read More

What Does Gaslighting Mean?

What Is Gaslighting? The term GASLIGHTING, whilst a colloquialism, is often used by psychologists to refer to a particular type ...
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Narcissistic Rage

I have already discussed the potentially devastating effects a narcissistic parent may have upon their child's psychological development (eg click ...
Read More

The Relationship Between Mental Illness And Loneliness

If we experienced significant childhood trauma it is quite possible that it has affected our ability to develop and maintain ...
Read More

Parents who Kill – The Five Categories

Criminologists and psychologists highlight five main categories into which parents who kill their children may fall. These are as follows: ...
Read More

Sexual Abuse : Facts and Figures

- In the USA, experts estimate that about 1 in every 4 girls and 1 in every 6 boys are ...
Read More

Panic Attacks and The ‘Suffocation Alarm System.’

  I have already written extensively about the connection between the experience of childhood trauma and the consequential development of ...
Read More

Possible Effects of The Depressed Mother.

One of the hallmarks of depression is to see oneself as utterly worthless with nothing at all to offer to ...
Read More

More on How Trauma and Stress can Affect the Child’s Developing Brain.

Our brains developed over millions of years of evolution. Different parts of the modern human brain evolved at different periods ...
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Structural Abnormalities in the Brains of Narcissists

  I have already posted many articles about how being brought up by a parent with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) ...
Read More

Hadephobia – The Irrational Fear of Hell

HADEPHOBIA, also known as stygiophobia, is the intense, chronic, irrational fear of 'hell' and that one may be 'sent there.' ...
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Childhood Trauma and ‘Body Memories’.

What Are Body Memories? When we experience severe trauma our bodies respond accordingly. For example, the body's production of ADRENALIN ...
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Fear of Death Stemming from Childhood Trauma

The fear of death is common, but can be particularly acute if one has experienced certain kinds of childhood trauma ...
Read More

Inner Child Healing

The psychologist and writer, Whitfield, defines our 'INNER CHILD' as : 'the ultimately alive, energetic, receptive, creative and fulfilled' part of ...
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Children Who Kill : Typologies

In very extreme circumstances, and very rarely, children kill. Almost invariably, such a child has been deprived of love and ...
Read More

Unempathetic Mothers

An UNEMPATHETIC MOTHER is one who is unable to take her child's perspective and see things from his/her point of ...
Read More

Childhood Mental Health : UK Statistics

UK Childhood Mental Health Statistics : Statistics relating to mental disorder : About 8% of children aged 5-10 years suffer from a ...
Read More

Do You Over-react?

Research has firmly established that certain kinds of severe childhood trauma can seriously impair our ability to control our emotions ...
Read More

False Core Beliefs : Their Childhood Roots

By the time we are adults, most of us have developed very entrenched, deeply rooted, fundamental beliefs about ourselves. Psychologists ...
Read More

What’s Your Emotional Style? And Why?

I have written at length in other posts on this site about how a traumatic childhood can impair the control ...
Read More

Disorganized Attachment : Effects on Toddlers

Disorganized attachment refers to the relationship between the mother and child being inconsistent, and, from the child's point of view, ...
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Effects of Parents with PTSD on Children

One reason why children may be psychologically damaged by growing up with a parent suffering from PTSD is that they ...
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Childhood Trauma : Dealing with Moodiness and Anger

Those of us who have suffered significant childhood trauma often find, in both adolescence and adulthood, that we are full ...
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Childhood Trauma : Seeking Closure

In the context of childhood trauma, 'closure' can perhaps be best described as deciding to live life by one's own ...
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Feel Guilty About Enjoying Yourself?

A profound sense of guilt and of worthlessness can develop within us if we experienced significant trauma during our childhood as ...
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Emotional Cruelty – A New Law To Help Reduce It

The UK government is considering up-dating law whereby more individuals could be charged and convicted of EMOTIONAL CRUELTY against children. Types ...
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Childhood Trauma : The Child’s Basic Needs

  All children have certain basic needs. The more of these needs that go unmet, and the greater extent to ...
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Possible Childhood Characteristics of Future Serial Killers

Research has demonstrated that many serial killers have much in common when it comes to their childhood experiences. Below, I ...
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Traumatic Grief in Childhood

Traumatic grief in childhood occurs when someone who has an important bond with the child dies and the child experiences ...
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Ten Childhood Experiences That May Lead To PTSD

I list below ten types of childhood experiences which, depending on their intensity and the vulnerability of the individual who ...
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Do You Feel Constantly Frightened and Under Threat?

One of the symptoms we can manifest as adults if we have experienced significant childhood trauma is a feeling of ...
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Childhood Trauma and Depression – Somatic Symptoms

We know that the experience of significant childhood trauma makes a person more vulnerable to suffering from clinical depression in ...
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Dealing with Stress : Increasing our Ability to Relax.

We know that those of us who suffered significant childhood trauma are far more likely to be vulnerable to the ...
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Improving Relationships – Positive Communication

We have seen in previous articles published on this site that one of the main symptoms of having experienced a ...
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Recovery : Re-programming Our Subconscious

We reprogram, to some degree, our subconscious minds every single day due to our various emotional responses to people, situations and events ...
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Overcoming Emotional Numbness

Inevitably, a sense of loss accompanies the experience of childhood trauma, which, in turn, can manifest itself by leaving us ...
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How Narcissistic Mothers Can Invalidate Us

One of the most frustrating and upsetting things about how the narcissistic mother may respond to us is that if ...
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The Different Types of Anxiety Disorder

I have already written at length about the fact that those of us who suffered significant childhood trauma are more ...
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Possible Adverse Physical Effects of CPTSD

Unfortunately, as well as psychological effects, if we have developed complex post traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) as a result of ...
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Childhood Trauma Leading to Intense Self-Criticism

ABOVE : SHORT (4 minute) SUMMARY OF ARTICLE - CHILDHOOD TRAUMA LEADING TO INTENSE SELF-CRITICISM. If we suffered significant childhood ...
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Childhood Trauma Leading to Suspicious Mind-Set as Adult

If, as a result of childhood trauma, we felt betrayed by our parent/primary carer in a way that deeply affected ...
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Childhood Trauma Recovery : Rediscovering Our True Selves

As we recover from our childhood trauma, we can start to get back in touch with our authentic self, untainted ...
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PTSD : Childhood Trauma and Other Risk Factors

We have already seen that severe childhood trauma can lead to PTSD or Complex PTSD (click here to read my ...
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Childhood Trauma Leading to Development of Negative Schema

What Are Schema? The term 'schema' refers to the fundamental beliefs and feelings we have about ourselves, others, and the ...
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Controlling Parent : Their Effects On Children

Controlling parents inappropriately impose their own will on their child which, when excessive, can deprive him/her of developing his/her own ...
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Childhood Trauma : The ‘Silent Treatment’.

'Silence can be as vindictive as speech' - Anon. My mother was the master, or, in her case, the mistress, ...
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Childhood Trauma : Long-Term Effects and Symptoms

Although I have written at length about the effects of childhood trauma on our adult life, I thought, in this ...
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Effects Of Mentally Ill Parents

What Are The Possible Effects Of Mentally Ill Parents? Sometimes, the reason we have experienced childhood trauma is that one, ...
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Often In A ‘Trance’? Tonic Immobility: A Response To Childhood Trauma

What Is The Tonic Immobility Response? Our stress responses are the legacy of millions of years of evolution - evolution ...
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Childhood Trauma Leading to The Inability to Trust

Do You Have An Inability To Trust? One of the most harmful legacies of childhood trauma is the survivor's incapacity ...
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The Self-Contradictory Behaviour of The Narcissistic Parent

The Narcissistic Parent : One of the most confusing and frustrating aspects of dealing with a narcissistic parent is that ...
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Control Impulsive Behavior

Do You Find It Hard To Control Impulsive Behavior? If we have suffered severe childhood trauma which has led us ...
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Reactive Attachment Disorder

Those of us who experienced a dysfunctional relationship with our primary carer (e.g. our primary carer was abusive or neglectful, ...
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Learning to Escape Past and Live in Present After Childhood Trauma

One of the main effects of having suffered significant childhood trauma is that we can become painfully caught up in ...
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Effects of Pre-Birth And Very Early Trauma

Neurological (brain) development can be adversely affected even before birth due to the effects of : - poor maternal diet ...
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Four Characteristics Which Keep Us Unhappy After Childhood Trauma

The experience of childhood trauma makes us less likely to have a happy and contented adulthood than those who were ...
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Childhood Trauma : What is Psychological Trauma?

Psychological trauma occurs in response to an overwhelming event/s which an individual lacks the internal and external coping mechanisms to ...
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Complex PTSD

Complex PTSD: There has been some controversy regarding the difference between post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD amongst ...
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Signs That A Parent May Have Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is an extremely complex psychological condition. Indeed, it is not infrequently misdiagnosed as some other type ...
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Childhood Trauma – The Cycle of Domestic Violence

I have already written an introductory article on the subject of how domestic violence may affect children (CLICK HERE) and, in this ...
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Childhood Trauma : Domestic Violence

Domestic violence can affect children in two ways : DIRECTLY and INDIRECTLY. Let's look at each of these two categories: ...
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BPD and ‘Clinging’ Dependency

An individual suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) typically finds it extremely difficult to judge the appropriate emotional distance/closeness s/he ...
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Childhood Trauma – Signs and Effects of Psychological Abuse

The effects of having been psychologically/emotionally abused when we were children can be devastating, and, without therapy, can last a ...
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Effects of Childhood Trauma – Alexithymia, Depression and Binge Eating

  One possible effect of significant childhood trauma, according to recent research, is a condition known as ALEXITHYMIA ; it ...
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Effects of Anxiety on How We Think, Feel, Communicate and Behave

We know that, if we have experienced significant childhood trauma, we are more likely, as adults, to experience various forms ...
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Genes Contribute Nothing To Emotional Health – These Are The Four Things That Do.

It is very common for those who have experienced severe childhood trauma to develop emotional problems in adult life and ...
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Mending The Mind : Self-Directed Neuroplasticity

We can use our own mind (which, for the sake of not over-complicating matters, I'll define here as our conscious ...
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Neuroplasticity : 3 Ways Brain Can Physically Recover From Trauma

Above : video summary of this article (Neuroplasticity : 3 Ways The Brain Can Physically Recover From Trauma). THE BRAIN ...
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Childhood Trauma And Memory – Why Some Remember, Others Forget

As humans we have a natural, psychological defense mechanism which allows us to disconnect our conscious awareness from experiences which ...
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How Bad Parenting Can Adversely Affect Children : Research Findings

Sign Out DashboardProfileMyPlateMy FriendsMy InboxSettings Research recently conducted by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation has found that, in general, parents underestimate the ...
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Dysfunctional Parenting Leading to Pathological Sibling Rivalry

'Am I my brother's keeper? Yes. Interestingly, in my case, I share that honor with the Prospect Park Zoo.' -Woody ...
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Dealing With Emotional Abuse : The Emotional Insulation Technique

Just because we are now adults, it does not necessarily follow that we will be completely free of emotional abuse ...
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Constant Feelings of Threat/Paranoia And Their Link To Childhood Trauma

      If we felt frequently threatened as young children, and this occurred over a significant period of time, it ...
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Infographics : What Mindfulness Is and Its Benefits

The first two infographics AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE help to explain what is meant by mindfulness, whilst the ...
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Obsessive Love Resulting From Dysfunctional Childhood.

Causes Of Obsessive Love I have already written about OBSESSIVE LOVE DISORDER on this site (click here to read my ...
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Overcoming Pessimism Caused by Childhood Trauma

  I have written at length, in other articles on this site, about how those of us who suffered significant childhood ...
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Childhood Trauma: Tips for Dealing with Stress

  One of the important negative effects of suffering severe childhood trauma is that it frequently leaves us less able ...
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Narcissistic Parent : Typical Behavior

What Is The Typical Behavior Of The Narcissistic Parent? The psychologist Brown, an expert in this area, highlights for us ...
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Effects of Narcissistic Parents Who ‘Parentify’ Their Child

A 'parentified' child is a term that psychologists use to refer to a situation between the child and the parent ...
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Types of Childhood Mental Illness Associated with Trauma

If we have experienced significant childhood trauma and find ourselves having mental health problems in adulthood as a result, it is quite ...
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Traumas That Gay Adolescents May Face Growing Up

I have already written about the fact that gay adolescents are more likely to suffer from mental health issues (such ...
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The Trauma of Growing Up as a Gay Adolescent

I remember my step-mother telling me, shortly after I had spent five days in a coma on life support due ...
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Gay Teens at Greater Risk of Suicide and Mental Illness

A large study at the University of Pittsburgh (USA) has found that gay teens are more likely to have a ...
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Treating Symptoms of Stress – Do Complimentary Therapies Work?

One of the major negative outcomes for those of us who have experienced significant childhood trauma is that, as adults, ...
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Childhood Trauma Questionnaire

Childhood Trauma Questionnaire : (Derived from questions originally used in the Adverse Childhood Experiences [ACE] Study. Did your parents often ...
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Posttraumatic Growth – Techniques to Help Keep Remaining Symptoms of Trauma Under Control

I have stated before that just because we have entered the phase of posttraumatic growth, this does not mean symptoms ...
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Posttraumatic Growth – Reconstructing The Life Story We Tell Ourselves

We make sense of our lives by telling ourselves a story about it - however, this does not mean the ...
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A List of All The Main Mental Illnesses

Since I started this website, I have referred to many different types of psychiatric condition. In this article, as the ...
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Possible Effects of BPD Parent on Offspring

If we were brought up by a parent with borderline personality disorder (BPD), it is likely that we suffered significant ...
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An Examination of Suicide and Attempted Suicide

I have already written extensively, in other articles available on this website, about how we are more likely to consider, ...
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Always ‘Zoning Out’? : Dissociative Disorder Explained.

Zone Out A Lot? Those of us who experienced significant childhood trauma are at a far greater risk of developing ...
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Psychotic Depression: The Symptoms

Psychotic Depression And Childhood Trauma : Those of us who experienced severe childhood trauma are at a substantially higher risk ...
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Disturbing Memories – Why They can Remain Unprocessed

The human brain is able to process most memories without difficulty. If, however, we have experienced particularly disturbing events during ...
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Why Adolescence is a Time of High Vulnerability.

Contrary to what used to be believed, we now know, through neurological research, that, during adolescence, the brain is still ...
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Dependent Personality Disorder (DPD).

BASIC DESCRIPTION OF DPD SUFFERER : Dependent personality disorder (DPD) affects about 0.5% of the population and is more commonly ...
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Harmful Effects of Poverty on Early Brain Development

Poverty And Brain Development A great many studies have now been conducted which show that those who grow up in ...
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Schizoid Personality Disorder

What is schizoid personality disorder, what is the relative contribution of genes and environment in its development and what is ...
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The Course of BPD over the Life Span

There has, unfortunately, been little research on what those who suffer from borderline personality disorder (BPD) as adults were like, ...
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Insomnia More Common in Childhood Trauma Survivors

I have already published on this site a great many articles about how those of us who have suffered significant ...
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Combined Effects of Divorce and Emotional Abuse on The Child.

Sometimes, when parents divorce, the child finds s/he is left to be brought up by a dysfunctional parent, perhaps because ...
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Stressful Experiences Linked to Childhood Obesity

Stress And Childhood Obesity We are frequently reminded by the media that, in the western world, obesity in children has ...
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Bipolar Disorder – Childhood Contributory Factors.

Managing Bipolar Disorder | Self Hypnosis Downloads : CLICK HERE. Bipolar disorder (which used to be called 'manic depression') is ...
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When Ten Year Olds Turn Killers – The Case of Jon Venables and Robert Thompson

The case of Jon Venables and Robert Thompson is well known, so it is not necessary to go into details ...
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Betrayal By Parents : Long-term Effects.

Were You Betrayed By Parents? When parents/primary caretakers, the very people who have a profound responsibility to protect and nurture ...
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Were You an Overanxious Child?

Overanxious Disorder I spent much of my childhood obsessively worrying over one thing or another, and this is not uncommon ...
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Childhood Trauma Leading to Addiction – The Signs

I have discussed, in other articles, how the experience of severe childhood trauma can lead us to have a powerful ...
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Effects on Us of Trauma/Environment versus Genes – The Statistics.

The very well known 'nature versus nurture' debate aims to establish to what degree particular human attributes are caused by ...
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Fight, Flight, Freeze or Fawn? Trauma Responses

Most of us are already familiar with the concept of the 'fight or flight' response to perceived danger, namely that ...
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Why can Effects of Childhood Trauma be Delayed?

Delayed onset post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) ,which can occur as a result of a severely disrupted childhood, is defined ...
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Abnormal Behaviors Arising when We’re Uncared For.

Being cared for as an infant and child is clearly of fundamental importance to our survival. Because of this, humans ...
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Childhood Trauma : Reactions to Trauma According to Age

TO VIEW VIDEO SUMMARY OF THIS ARTICLE, CLICK HERE. Trauma affects children in different ways depending upon the age group ...
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Childhood Trauma Leading to Self-Hatred and Intense Self-Criticism

Origins Of Self-Hatred : Following a childhood in which we had the experience of neglect, abuse, abandonment or a combination ...
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PTSD – What Happens in the Brain?

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the potentially devastating effects that may follow on from childhood trauma, and, in ...
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An Examination of the Exquisite Emotional Sensitivity of BPD Sufferers.

Those who develop borderline personality disorder (BPD), often as a result of severe childhood trauma, are, without exception, EXTREMELY EMOTIONALLY ...
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Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) – Four Subtypes

. Borderline personality disorder is frequently linked to the experience of severe childhood trauma.  An expert on the subject of ...
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BPD and the Science Behind Self-Harming Behavior

Those who sought to stigmatize the very serious and distressing psychological condition known as borderline personality disorder, or BPD, used ...
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peter-pan-syndrome-puer-auternus

Childhood Trauma, BPD, Carl Jung and ‘The Peter Pan Syndrome.’

      What Is Peter Pan Syndrome? First, it should be stated that the so-called 'Peter Pan Syndrome' is ...
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Conditions which Often Co-exist with BPD – The Statistics

Unfortunately, many of those who suffer from the debilitating and distressing disorder of borderline personality disorder (BPD) following severe childhood ...
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Actions that Help and Hinder a Family Member’s Recovery from BPD.

There are many things that a family can do to help a member of that family to recover from borderline ...
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Can Child Abuse Lead to the Later Adult Development of Paedophilia?

Introduction : some research into the phenomenon of paedophilia : In the UK, the popular media seems to be obsessed ...
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Infant Attachment Problems with Caregiver and the Later Development of BPD.

Humans, as primates, are deeply social animals. The need to form attachments with others, and, most crucially, with the primary ...
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Borderline Personality Disorder – The Role of Childhood Trauma and Other Factors

Biological Factors : Several of my articles have already examined, in some detail, environmental factors in childhood which put the ...
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BPD, Alcoholism and Impulsivity

It is not uncommon for alcoholism and borderline personality disorder (BPD) to go hand-in-hand (click here to read my article ...
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BPD : Effective and Simple Self-Help.

In this article I will suggest some very simple, yet highly effective, things that individuals who suffer from borderline personality disorder (BPD) can ...
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Borderline Personality Disorder In Males Less Common Than In Females

A diagnosis of borderline personality disorder in males is less common than in females. Approximately 70% of those diagnosed with ...
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BPD : Effects Of Biparental Dysfunction and Invalidation

The most up-to-date research into the causes of borderline personality disorder (BPD) indicates that the following two factors are especially ...
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Childhood Trauma: The Possible Effects of Uninvolved Parents

The psychologists Baumrind, Maccobyand Martin have, between them, identified four main types of parenting style. These are : a) Authoritarian, ...
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Childhood Trauma And Hypersexuality

Hypersexuality, also referred to as erotomania , or, more straightforwardly, sexual addiction, has been linked to traumatic experiences during the sufferer's childhood. This does ...
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Childhood Trauma, Stress and the Vulnerable Developing Brain

Both studies conducted on animals and humans conclusively reveal that long-term and severe stress have a harmful effect upon the brain ...
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The Long-Term Effects of Parental Rejection

My father walked out on my mother when I was eight. Always highly disturbed, my mother became yet worse, and ...
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Childhood Trauma : The Roots of Codependency

RESOURCE : HEAL YOUR CODEPENDENT RELATIONSHIP SELF-HYPNOSIS DOWNLOAD - CLICK HERE FOR FURTHER DETAILS. What Is Codependency? Although the widely ...
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Childhood Trauma : Early Signs of Psychopathy

Child Psychopaths First, it is important to state that diagnosing childhood psychological disturbance is fraught with difficulties as, once the ...
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Psychopathy : Further Research into Its Link to Childhood Trauma

Above : Short (3 minute) video summary of article : Psychopathy : further Research Into Its Link To Childhood Trauma ...
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Responding and Adjusting to the Effects of Trauma : Five Stages

One of the world's leading experts on the effects of traumatic experience is the psychologist Mardi Horowitz, and it is ...
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The Effects of Emotionally Distant Parents on the Child.

Clearly, the child has both physical and emotional needs that the parents have a responsibility to meet. Both are obviously ...
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Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Sexuality

In several of my previous posts on the topic of borderline personality disorder (BPD), I have referred to how those ...
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The Type of Parent Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) Sufferers Have.

Parents of individuals who go on to develop borderline personality disorder (BPD) in their adult life are typically extremely needy, ...
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The Main Elements Of Posttraumatic Growth

Many people, after suffering a terrible trauma find that, once they have got through it and started to recover from ...
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Signs of Dysfunctional Families

Is Your Family Dysfunctional? It has already been established in other articles that those who grow up in highly dysfunctional ...
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Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Intense Emotions.

One of the main hallmarks of suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the experiencing of  overwhelmingly extreme and intense ...
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Overcoming Guilt Caused by Childhood Trauma

If we have been mistreated as children, we may well grow up with a pervasive feeling that we are irredeemably ...
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Childhood Trauma : Coping with Rejection.

'We are never so defenceless against suffering as when we love, never so unhelplessly unhappy as when we have lost ...
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Childhood Trauma : Three Key Stages of Recovery.

  Herman's Three Stages Of Recovery : The psychologist and expert on trauma, Judith Herman, has identified three key stages ...
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Effects of Childhood Trauma on Work Performance – An Infographic

The infographic below shows the kind of effects our experience of childhood trauma may have upon our work performance in ...
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Study Suggesting Meditation More Effective Than Anti-depressants

A recent research study, carried out jointly by researchers from the University of Exeter and King's College, University of London, ...
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Can Effects of Childhood Trauma be Fully Resolved?

The resolution of childhood trauma is best viewed as an on-going process throughout one's life. Different issues related to the ...
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Factors that Influence the Severity of Effects of Child Abuse

The degree to which a person who suffers abuse during childhood is damaged by the experience will depend upon a number ...
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Effect Of Alcoholic Parents On Children

What Is The Effect Of Alcoholic Parents On Children? Those who grow up in households in which one or both ...
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Depression Treatment And Neuroplasticity

Depression And Neuroplasticity I have described, in other articles, how the brain goes on physically changing all our lives - the ...
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Importance Of Belief And Left Hemisphere To Overcoming Depression.

I find it tremendously exciting that neuroscience is discovering ways in which we can all help ourselves to make highly significant, or ...
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Borderline Personality Disorder In Men

The most up-to-date research shows that there are a number of differences between the symptoms of borderline personality disorder in men compared ...
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Signs of Borderline Personality Disorder in Adolescence

Borderline Personality Disorder And The Adolescent Giving a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder (BPD) to an adolescent is problematic. However, ...
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The Brain, Neuroscience and Meditation

THE PHYSICAL BRAIN : The brain - the most complex entity in the known universe - controls our thoughts, moods, behavior ...
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How Posttraumatic Growth Relates to Coping Strategies

It is possible, once the worst of the distress caused by trauma is over, to enter a period of posttraumatic ...
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Childhood Trauma and Obsessive Love Disorder

Obsessions are a symptom of an underlying anxiety disorder and materialize as a result of great stress such as severe ...
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Effects of Stress and How to Manage It – 2 Infographics.

Several of my posts have examined how the experience of serious childhood trauma can adversely affect the physical development of the ...
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Fifteen Emotional Symptoms of Stress

If we have suffered long-lasting significant stress when we were children it is very likely to have affected the physical ...
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Effect of Early Trauma on Brain’s Right Hemisphere Development.

As recently as 25 years ago, it was still frequently believed that the structure of the brain had already been ...
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Borderline Personality Disorder – 3 Infographics to Help Explain It.

The link between the experience of childhood trauma and the later development of borderline personality disorder (BPD) is well established by ...
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Effect of Childhood Trauma on Health Throughout Lifetime – Infographic

Severe childhood trauma leading to serious conditions like borderline personality disorder reduces life expectancy, on average, by 19 years (read ...
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Childhood Trauma Linked to Homosexuality

To what degree do nature and nurture contribute to homosexuality? It is a politically sensitive debate, but in the light ...
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Psychopathy – An Infographic

I have already written an article on the link between childhood trauma and psychopathy which has been published on this ...
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Ten Questions We can Ask Ourselves to Challenge Our Negative Thoughts.

My mother was one of the world's most negative people. I remember, when I was a young child, one of ...
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Repressed Memories : The Need for Further Research

Repressed Memories The concept of repressed memories was made popular by Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939) who hypothesized that traumatic memories could ...
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Types of Abuse and Their Effects : An Infographic

The infographic below illustrates different types of child abuse together with some of the effects of such abuse : CLICK ...
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Why a Mother’s Influence is so Powerful.

'A boy's best friend is his mother.'   - Norman Bates, from the film 'Psycho', 1960. Our mothers have an ...
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Physical Symptoms of Stress and How to Reduce Them

  Find resources to reduce stress by clicking banner above. If we have experienced a traumatic childhood, it is frequently ...
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List of Life Events Categorized According to Their Stressfulness.

If we have experienced significant childhood trauma, research shows that our ability to cope with stress can, as a result, ...
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On Being Suicidal (or Why I Carried a Rope in a Bag around London for 3 Months).

I carried a rope in a bag around London with me, every day, for 3 months. Why? You might well ...
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Fifteen Types of Depression.

Hypnosis for Depression - Natural Treatment | Self Hypnosis Downloads : Try Introduction And First Module FREE. On average, and ...
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Metacognitive Therapy for Anxiety and Depression.

METACOGNITIVE THERAPY (MCT) Metacognitive therapy (MCT) was developed by Dr Adrian Wells and Dr Gerald Matthews in the early 1990s.  It shares elements ...
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Findings of Research into Mindfulness Meditation.

There are now, quite literally, thousands of published research studies that support the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation. It has been ...
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scapegoat

The Dysfunctional Family’s Scapegoat.

In this article I will examine the phenomenon of becoming the dysfunctional family's scapegoat. Personal Experience : I went to ...
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Why BPD is Sometimes Mistakenly Diagnosed.

One of the main reasons that borderline personality disorder (BPD) is sometimes believed to be a misdiagnosis is that it has symptoms ...
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Childhood Fame : The Downside.

'I think every child star suffers through this period because you're not the cute and charming child that you were ...
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Highly Dysfunctional Families and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

Those who go on to develop borderline personality disorder (BPD) almost invariably grew up as children in highly dysfunctional families ...
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Emotional Torture? When Parents Put Kids in a Psychological Double-Bind.

I first came across the phrase 'double-bind' at university whilst studying for my first degree in psychology ; it struck ...
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Possible Damaging Behaviors Of The Borderline Personality Disordered Parent

In order to write the articles on this site, which now number nearly 200, I have spent a considerable amount of time ...
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Treatment for Trauma Related Nightmares

About 1 in 20 people suffer from nightmares. However, amongst those who are suffering from post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), ...
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Childhood Trauma Leading to Anhedonia (Inability to Experience Pleasure).

There is an established relationship between having experienced trauma as a child and suffering from anhedonia (the inability to experience feelings of ...
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The Use of Religion as a Weapon of Abuse

When I was thirteen, shortly after my disturbed and deeply unstable mother had thrown me out of the house and ...
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What Are The Effects Of Emotional Neglect Of A Child?

What Are The Effects Of Emotional Neglect / Emotional Deprivation On The Child? A child who is emotionally neglected / ...
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Possible Effects of Divorce on Children

My own parents divorced in the scorching summer of 1976, when I was 8 years old. At prep school, I ...
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Questionnaire

As we have seen in several of the previously published articles on this website (eg click here), severe childhood trauma ...
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Cognitive Hypnotherapy for Stress Related Disorders.

Stress can be defined as the perception that the psychological demands being made upon us exceed our ability to cope with ...
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Borderline Mother : Four Types

GENERAL INTRODUCTION ABOVE : SHORT (2 MINUTE) VIDEO SUMMARIZING THE MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF MASTERSON'S FOUR TYPES OF BORDERLINE MOTHER. For ...
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Patterns of Behaviour Stemming from Childhood Trauma. Part 2.

In Part 1 of this post I examined how the following behaviour patterns can result in later life due to ...
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Patterns of Behaviour Stemming from Childhood Trauma

Childhood trauma may affect all aspects of an individuals life - mental, physical, emotional and spiritual. It may result in dissociation ...
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Childhood Trauma : Avoidant Personality Disorder (AvPD). Part 1.

  If our experiences of relationships in childhood are largely negative and painful, in extreme cases, we may develop social ...
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Was I a Disturbed Child?

Adult mental illness, as we know, can frequently be traced back to childhood. It is quite possible, then, that many of ...
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Top 10 Most Common Thoughts of Those with PTSD.

One of the worst things about post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be that we feel completely alone and cut off from ...
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Posttraumatic Growth – How Trauma can Positively Transform Us

'Whatever does not kill me makes me stronger.' - Nietzsche Much of the research into the effects of severe trauma ...
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PTSD – 3 Steps to Mastering its Effects.

After severe trauma and the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), one of the main symptoms the sufferer has to contend ...
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Recovery from Childhood Trauma – Improving Our Mindset.

If our mental well-being is poor as a result of childhood trauma, one thing we can do, which comes from ...
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Overcoming Aggressive Behaviour Linked to Childhood Trauma. 5 Step Method.

I have already written at some length about how childhood trauma can lead us to become full of anger and ...
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Childhood Trauma and Major Depressive Disorder.

Studies overwhelmingly show a strong link between childhood trauma and the development of major depressive disorder in later life (in fact, ...
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Adverse Effects on Physical Health of Childhood Trauma

A vast amount of research has been carried out on the potentially devastating psychological impact of childhood trauma upon the ...
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Effects on Sexuality of Childhood Trauma

  I have already written extensively on the effects of childhood trauma on individuals such as PTSD, self-harm, issues surrounding ...
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Effects of Lack of Emotional Security in Childhood.

Lack Of Emotional Security Children who grow up in emotionally secure environments are likely to develop good emotional regulation (control) ...
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Effects of Severe and Long-Lasting (Chronic) Trauma.

Long-lasting and repeated trauma can so adversely affect an individual that they lose their very sense of self. This is ...
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Those Bullied as Children More Likely to Commit Crime as Adults.

Recent research has demonstrated that individuals who are bullied as children are more likely to get convictions for committing crimes in ...
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Child Trauma and Trauma Focused Therapy (TFT)

What Is Trauma Focused Therapy? Trauma Focused Therapy (TFT) utilizes the following treatments, either on their own, or in combination ...
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Mental Health and Criminal Law – Introduction

'The link between mental illness and crime is well known'                                        - (General Synod, 13th February 2008).It is fair to say, I ...
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High Conflict Personality (HCP) Link to Child Trauma

Individuals who suffer from the condition of High Conflict Personality (HCP) will often have an underlying personality disorder which falls ...
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Personality Disorder Clusters and Severity Questionnaire

It has been often stated in my posts that personality disorders are often linked to traumatic childhoods. I have already ...
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Borderline Personality Disorder Tests

Borderline Personality Disorder Tests And Self Diagnosis Many people who believe that they may have borderline personality disorder (BPD) search ...
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Intermittent Explosive Disorder (I.E.M.) and Childhood Trauma.

This disorder, which is listed in DSM V (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition), a manual which is ...
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How Hypnosis Alters Brain Activity – Top University Study.

Expert psychiatrists in the U.S. have shown that the effects of hypnosis can be measured scientifically (ie empirically measured). A ...
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Is Hypnosis Real?

Is Hypnosis Real?In  the past, scientific studies on the effectiveness of hypnosis had to rely upon the verbal reports of ...
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Childhood Trauma – Ways to Help Us Stop Over Thinking about It.

When we suffer a great trauma, one of its effects can be to greatly reduce the sense of control we have ...
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Childhood Trauma – Bullying : An Infographic

Bullying and its effects are recurring themes in the media and I have included an infographic about its effects above ...
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Childhood Trauma : The Effects of Bullying

BELOW : short video summary of article : [yotuwp type="videos" id="pp6-Yl28zsA" ] Being bullied when we were young can have ...
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The Link Between Childhood Trauma and Future Suicide Attempts.

Research has shown that the experience of childhood trauma and the risk of the individual who suffered it attempting suicide in ...
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Link Between Childhood Trauma and Later Violent Behaviour – Infographic

The graph above illustrates clearly that the more an individual is exposed to violence as a child, the more likely that ...
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The Effect of Growing Up with Personality Disordered Mother on Suicidal Behaviour – Infographic

This graph shows the effects mothers with personality disorders have on their children's suicidal behavior as they get into their ...
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Childhood Trauma Leading to ‘The Jumping to Conclusions’ Bias

Those who suffer childhood trauma, studies reveal, are far more likely than others, all else being equal, to develop a ...
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The Link between Childhood Trauma and Heart Disease – Infographic

In my post entitled ; 'How Childhood Trauma can Reduce Life Expectancy by 19 Years', I discussed the relationship between ...
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Benefits of Self-Hypnosis for Emotional Health.

Self-hypnosis may be achieved by creating one's own hypnotherapy recordings (e.g on CDs or as MP3s)-  which I shall be explaining how ...
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Overcoming Fear : The ABC Model

'Nothing has meaning except for the meaning we give to it ourselves' T. Harv Eker PERCEPTION AND FEAR - how ...
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What is Positive Psychology?

Positive psychology is the scientific study (through research, experimentation etc) of how people can be helped to perform at their OPTIMAL ...
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The Mother Prone to Explosive Rage.

When a mother is prone to uncontrolled, explosive outbursts of rage it casts a shadow over every day for her ...
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How Does PTSD Develop?

WHAT IS THE DEVELOPMENTAL PROCESS OF POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD)? The psychologists Foa et al. developed the following model ...
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Effects of Parental Favoritism

      The effects of long-term parental favoritism will clearly affect the way in which the favored and non-favored child perceive themselves ...
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Recovery: How the Brain can ‘Rewire’ Itself (Neuroplasticity).

Severe childhood trauma can adversely affect the way in which the brain develops, leading to, for example, extremes in anxiety or ...
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Narcissistic Personality Disorder : Its Link To Childhood Trauma

Can Childhood Trauma Cause Narcissism? This article examines the link between narcissistic disorder and childhood trauma. Several of my articles ...
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Reducing Damaging Behaviors Caused by Trauma – 1) Smoking

The experience of childhood trauma can lead us to develop maladaptive (self-damaging) coping strategies to attempt to gain some relief ...
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How Borderline Personality Symptoms Reinforce Each Other.

One of the greatest difficulties of managing borderline personality disorder (BPD) is that the symptoms it creates tend to feed off, ...
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What Studies on ‘Unloved’ Rats Tell us about Effects of Childhood Trauma

It is being increasingly recognized by research psychologists that the environment we are brought up in has a critical effect ...
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How Is a Personality Disorder Defined?

DEFINITION OF PERSONALITY DISORDER : In order to address this question, it seems sensible to first outline what psychotherapists mean ...
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Compassion Focused Therapy for Effects of Childhood Trauma

Therapy which emphasizes self-compassion (as well as compassion for others), not inappropriately called COMPASSIOIN FOCUSED THERAPY (CFT), has become increasingly ...
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Mindfulness Meditation: An Escape Route Away from Obsessive, Negative Ruminations.

Mindfulness : MINDFULNESS is a very effective and evidence-based therapy for the treatment of anxiety, depression and other conditions related to ...
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Some Lesser Known Therapies for Treating Effects of Severe Trauma

There are some less well known treatments for trauma which I thought it would be useful to take a brief ...
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The Vicious Cycle of Adult Problems Stemming from Childhood Trauma

'WE NEED TO SEE THE SYMPTOMS WE HAVE AS A RESULT OF OUR CHILDHOOD TRAUMA LESS AS THE RESULT OF ...
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Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT).

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy : 'People are disturbed not by things, but by their view of things.' -Epictetus REBT emphasizes ...
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Treating Conditions Related to Childhood Trauma by Getting Right Fats in Diet.

As far as diet is concerned, there are good fats and bad fats. The fats we put into our bodies ...
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Mindfulness : A Very Effective Technique for Treating Conditions Related to Childhood Trauma

What Is Mindfulness? MINDFULNESS is an exciting technique, its effectiveness supported by much research evidence, which is now becoming very ...
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Dialectical Behavior Therapy

DIALECTICAL BEHAVIORAL THERAPY (DBT), devised by Marsha Linehan,  the founder of Behavioral Tech, has been found to be particularly effective ...
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A Closer Look at the Link Between Childhood Experiences and BPD.

BPD And Childhood Trauma One of the things that frequently marks the childhood of individuals who later develop BPD is LOSS, especially when ...
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Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD).

DIALECTICAL BEHAVIOR THERAPY (DBT) is an exciting new treatment option for those suffering with BPD. It is a therapy which ...
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Childhood Trauma : Treatment by Hypnosis Combined with Other Therapies.

Hypnosis And Childhood Trauma : Although hypnosis has been used for a very long time to treat the effects of trauma ...
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Childhood Trauma : Defense Mechanisms Resulting from Stress.

Childhood Trauma And Defense Mechanisms In our response to stress resulting from our childhood trauma and other factors we often ...
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Latest Research Leads to New List Of Main Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) Symptoms: The List

Main Borderline Personality Disorder Symptoms : Recent research has led to an expansion of the description of the main borderline ...
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Childhood Trauma Leading to Excessive Need for Approval.

If we did not receive approval from those close to us in childhood we may grow up to have an ...
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Childhood Trauma: Food and Nutrition which may Help with Resultant Depression.

Due to the side-effects associated with anti-depressants, together with the controversy which surrounds their effectivenes, some individuals prefer to try to ...
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Simple Questions We can Ask Ourselves to Reduce Anxiety

Below I have listed a set of questions we can ask ourselves when we are worried and anxious. The questions are ...
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Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) : Further Treatment Options.

Individuals suffering from psychiatric conditions such as borderline personality disorder (BPD) find there are a vast array of therapies on ...
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Childhood Trauma: Does ‘Multiple-Personality Disorder’ Exist?

I have written other posts on DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS of which one is DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY DISORDER, commonly referred to as 'MULTIPLE ...
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Why We Worry.

Other posts in this category have already dealt with how early life experience of trauma can contribute to us becoming ...
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The Gifted Child : Possible Traumatic Consequences

It is certainly not true for every gifted child, but some are at increased risk of ADJUSTMENT PROBLEMS and consequently, ...
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How to Cope with Difficult Memories, Part One.

In a previous post, I wrote about traumatic memories and talked about how psychologists have divided them into two types: ...
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Neuroscience: An Introduction to The Science of the Brain.

My fascination with neuroscience (the science of the working of the brain) stemmed from two key, fundamental questions about what it ...
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‘Fighting’ Anxiety can Worsen It: Why Acceptance Works Better.

  What Happens When We Try To 'Fight' Anxiety? Trying to fight anxiety, research suggests (and, certainly, my own experience of ...
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Trauma: How Cognitive Processing Therapy can Help.

It is always important to treat post-traumatic stress and this is particularly the case in relation to childhood trauma. This ...
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The Use of Hypnosis to Treat Trauma.

    The most up-to-date definition of hypnosis is : 'A state of consciousness involving focused attention and reduced peripheral ...
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Large Study Suggests Antidepressants Work No Better than Placebos.

Do Antidepressants Work? The pharmaceutical industry makes over 12 billion pounds a year from antidepressant medication. Indeed, millions of adults ...
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Controversies: Alarming Study – How Psychiatrists can Get It Wrong.

A research study (Rosenhan, 1973) that I remember very clearly from University when I was studying for my first degree ...
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Childhood Trauma: Its Link to Adult Anxiety.

Childhood Trauma And Anxiety : Anxious personality types often result from childhood trauma. Research has shown that there are 7 ...
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Combining Hypnosis with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.

Hypnosis And CBT : Cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT, is, essentially, a therapy which seeks to alter the way we ...
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What Neuroimaging Tells Us About Hypnosis.

Hypnosis And Neuroimaging : Neuroimaging refers to a technique of examining which areas of the brain are active at any one ...
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Childhood Trauma: Treating the Root Cause of Related Symptoms.

I had been perplexed for a very long time, given the emotional symptoms I was experiencing, which, it had always ...
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Childhood Trauma: Identity Problems and How to Tackle Them.

One outcome of childhood trauma can frequently be that the person who has suffered it is prone to develop IDENTITY ...
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Childhood Trauma: Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR).

Individuals who have suffered severe childhood trauma may, as a result of it, later suffer from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), ...
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Childhood Trauma: The Five Main Personality Disorders.

Because childhood trauma has frequently been linked to the later development of borderline personality disorder (BPD), I have devoted a ...
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Childhood Trauma: Its Relationship to Psychopathy.

Above : 4 minute summary video of article. What is the nature of the relationship between childhood trauma and psychopathy? ...
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Childhood Trauma: Damage Done by Breakdown of Maternal Bond.

'I have given suck, and know How tender 'tis to love the babe that milks me: I would, while it ...
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Childhood Trauma: Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (with Questionnaire).

Survivors of extreme trauma often suffer persistent anxiety, phobias, panic, depression, identity and relationship problems. Many times, the set of symptoms ...
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Childhood Trauma: How The Child’s View Of Their Own ‘Badness’ Is Perpetuated.

Do You Ever Ask Yourself The Question : Am I A Bad Person? When a child is continually mistreated, s/he ...
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Childhood Trauma : Kurt Cobain’s Childhood

I was a big fan of Kurt Cobain (1967-1994) and his band, Nirvana. I therefore remember where I was when ...
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Childhood Trauma: Aiding Recovery through Diet and Lifestyle.

Neurotransmitters : Several of my posts have discussed research that shows childhood trauma can profoundly influence the biochemistry of the ...
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Childhood Trauma, Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Dissociation.

I have previously published articles on this site articles explaining the connection between childhood trauma and borderline personality disorder (BPD) ...
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Childhood Trauma: What Experiments on Causes of Aggression in Rats Tell Us.

Effect Of Trauma On Young Rats' Brains : A recent Swiss study by Marquez et al. (2013)has looked at the ...
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Effects of Childhood Trauma: The Interaction between Nature and Nurture.

TONY SOPRANO: And to think I'm the cause of it. DR. MALFI: How are you the cause of it? TONY ...
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Types of Relationship Problems The Individual May Experience As A Result Of Childhood Trauma.

Childhood Trauma And Adult Relationships : Early relationships between the parent and child have an enormous impact upon how the ...
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Research on Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as a Treatment for Trauma.

What Is Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation? : Transcranial magnetic stimulation is normally abbreviated to TMS. Essentially, this treatment works by delivering ...
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How Childhood Trauma Can Reduce Life Expectancy By 19 Years.

This article aims to briefly explain how childhood trauma can reduce life expectancy by 19 years but, also, why this ...
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Childhood Trauma: The Link with Future Gambling.

Childhood Trauma And Gambling Addiction : Research suggests that childhood trauma increases the likelihood of future addictions, including gambling. This ...
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Childhood Trauma: The Link with Alcoholism.

Childhood Trauma And Alcoholism When childhood trauma remains unresolved (i.e. it has not yet been worked through and processed with ...
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Borderline Personality Disorder: Raising Our Self-Esteem.

WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF THINKING BADLY ABOUT OURSELVES? Individuals with low self-esteem constantly criticize themselves. We may even META-CRITICIZE ...
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Borderline Personality Disorder And Low Self-Esteem.

We come to form our beliefs, including those about ourselves, through our life experiences. Of course, the beliefs we hold ...
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Psychotherapeutic Interventions That Research Suggests Are Helpful For Individuals Suffering with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD).

  A quick search of the internet reveals a very large range of therapies on offer which purport to treat ...
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Childhood Trauma and Self-Harm : How it can be Addressed.

Three key elements to reducing our risk of harming ourselves are: 1) distracting our thoughts away from self-harm.2) reducing the ...
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Childhood Trauma And Self-Harm.

Childhood Trauma And Self-Harm Many research studies (eg Arnold, 1995) have demonstrated a link between having been abused as a ...
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My Own Story : A Brief Overview.

My own childhood was highly chaotic and traumatic. I started to suffer severe emotional problems very early on (for example, ...
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Repression Of Traumatic Childhood Memories.

  Repression Of Traumatic Childhood Memories Most of us are familiar with the idea that people who have experienced severe ...
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Childhood Trauma: The Statistics

Is Childhood Trauma Common? The following statistics relate to the UK. However, it should be pointed out that childhood trauma ...
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Serotonin And Childhood Trauma

As we have seen from other articles that I have previously published on this site, neurological problems resulting from childhood ...
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Challenging Our Negative Thoughts.

    Challenging Negative Thoughts : This article examines how we can use cognitive behavioral therapy to challenge our negative ...
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy For Childhood Trauma.

WHAT IS COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY AND HOW CAN IT AID RECOVERY FROM CHILDHOOD TRAUMA ? Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)  was ...
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Childhood Trauma: Coming To Terms with What We Have Lost.

Many who suffered childhood trauma grow up feeling that there childhood has been 'stolen' from them. They may have grown ...
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Coping Mechanisms for Survivors of Childhood Trauma

How Do Survivors Of Child Abuse Cope? In my last post I mentioned it might be useful to look at ...
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Childhood Trauma: An Analysis of Blame.

When we are children, if someone treats us badly, we attempt to understand why. But in trying to understand, the ...
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Childhood Trauma: Problems It Causes.

One thing from research is clear: the experience of childhood trauma makes it more likely the individual will suffer problems as ...
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