How We Are Influenced By Our Unconscious Childhood Memories

As Alice Miller (1933-2010) states in her seminal book Free From Lies children learn by imitating their parents and much of this imitating is due to unconscious learning. To illustrate this Miller refers to a study in which mothers were observed holding and feeding their babies and, the ways in which they did so were …

What Is The Difference Between PTSD And Complex PTSD?

Above image: Creative Commons Licence There has been some controversy regarding the difference between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex posttraumatic stress disorder (complex PTSD) amongst researchers and members of the medical profession. During the early 1990s, the psychologist Judith Herman, in her seminal book Trauma And Recovery, noted that individuals who had suffered severe, …

Problems Those With BPD May Encounter In The Workplace

There is a very strong link between the experience of severe and protracted childhood trauma and being diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) in later life. As we have seen in other articles I have published on this site, BPD is a very serious disorder that can lead to extreme difficulties in many important areas …

Understanding And Treating BPD In Relation To Person’s Life Story

1639-word article. Carl Jung’s View Of The Vital Importance Of A Person’s Life Story When It Comes To Explaining Mental Illness: Jung, who worked closely with Freud for many years, was of the view that therapy should start with the story the patient needs to tell and that, in the context of that story, his/her …

Damage To Brain Development Caused By Trauma Increases During Developmental Epochs

We have seen in other articles I have published on this site that severe and protracted childhood trauma can increase the risk of damage to particular brain regions (e.g. the amygdala) and, in so doing, increase our risk of being diagnosed with various psychiatric conditions during adulthood such as complex PTSD and borderline personality disorder …

Does Betrayal Trauma Increase Risk Of ADHD?

  Betrayal trauma is a term which comes from betrayal trauma theory which was developed by Freyd (1994). Essentially, an individual may experience betrayal trauma when betrayed by a person to whom s/he is very close and upon whom the individual depends for their safety, security and survival and with whom there had been a …

Trauma Involving Betrayal More Likely To Lead To BPD And PTSD

We have seen from numerous other articles that I have published on this site that those of us who experienced severe and protracted childhood trauma are at a highly increased risk of being diagnosed with borderline personality disorder and/or PTSD in adulthood than the average person. However, research suggests that trauma involving a high degree …

Betrayal Trauma Theory And ‘Betrayal Blindness’.

As Bowlby emphasized, the child is profoundly dependent upon a reliable and secure attachment with his/her parent/primary carer for his/her physical and psychological health; indeed, throughout human evolutionary history, such a protective relationship has been crucial to the child’s chances of survival A child is at risk of being severely traumatized when the parent or …