Therapy For Dissociative Disorder

    Hunter et al. (Institute of Psychiatry, London) has developed a form of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for the condition that treats it in a similar way to how anxiety disorders would be treated. The therapy developed by Hunter and colleagues is centred upon five main interventions. These interventions are as follows: REDUCING AVOIDANCE …

How ‘Malignant Alienation’ May Impoverish Care BPD Sufferers Receive

Because many sufferers of BPD have been so betrayed and hurt by their childhoods they may frequently have developed psychological defences that do not immediately endear them to others such as deep mistrust of people in general and, in particular, of authority figures and a propensity to display rage in situations that, to those who …

A Study On The Link Between Childhood Trauma And Adult Psychosis

    STUDY 1 INVOLVING INDIVIDUALS WHO HAD EXPERIENCED A FIRST EPISODE OF PSYCHOSIS: A study carried out by Morgan et al., (2007) involved 390 individuals who had suffered a first episode of psychosis. It was found that, compared to individuals making up the control group, they were: twice as likely to have experienced at …

Three Types Of Flashback: Visual, Somatic And Emotional

  Sufferers of both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex posttraumatic stress disorder (Complex PTSD) experience terrifying flashbacks. Such flashbacks can be split into three categories as follows: VISUAL FLASHBACKS SOMATIC FLASHBACKS EMOTIONAL FLASHBACKS Below, I briefly describe the form each of these three types of flashback take: VISUAL FLASHBACKS: As a result of a trigger …

Why Complex PTSD May Sometimes Be Misdiagnosed As Schizophrenia

  It has been noted by many researchers (e.g.Fox, 2005) that individuals who have been profoundly traumatized may display symptoms of psychosis (most frequently in the form of hallucinations and delusions). Such psychotic symptoms are especially likely to occur when the traumatized individual is experiencing a FLASHBACK. Flashbacks are intrusive memories that are beyond the …

Bowlby’s Theory Of The Damaging Psychological Effects Of Maternal Deprivation

  Bowlby stressed that what is crucial for mental health is that the baby/infant/young child experiences warm and loving nurturing from his/her mother (or primary carer) which is reliable, dependable and continuous and which both mother and offspring find gratifying. According to Bowlby, if the baby/infant/young child does not receive this warm and loving nurturing …