Are Adult Borderline Personality Disorder Sufferers Eternal 13-Year-Olds?

The normal development of self involves the following stages. Approximately 6 months: the capacity for self-observation develops Approximately 12 months: the capacity for symbolic thinking becomes well established as does a ‘sense of self’ Approximately 7 to 11 years: the capacity for concrete operational thinking becomes established, as does an intense emotional life. Also, at …

How Childhood Trauma Harms The Brain’s Insula

WHAT IS THE BRAIN’S INSULA? The insula is a small region of the brain’s cerebral cortex (see diagram below). Its precise function is not fully understood but it is hypothesized to play a significant role in : generating our conscious self-awareness of our emotions. interoceptive processing (this refers to the degree to which we are …

How Mental And Physical Suffering Generated By Childhood Trauma Are Intrinsically Interlinked.

      Perhaps the best-known study on the effects of childhood trauma on the individual is the ACE (Adverse Childhood Experiences) study conducted by Felitti and Robert Anda in the 1990s. The study involved a survey of 17,337 volunteers (approximately half of whom were female) to ascertain whether there was a link between the …

Borderline Personality Disorder And The Physically Damaged Brain

Nobody chooses to suffer from borderline personality disorder; this is obvious. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is probably the most tormenting and agonizing psychiatric condition known to man. One in ten sufferers ends up killing themselves after years, or even decades, of appalling mental suffering. Due to the disturbing behavior that accompanies BPD, ¬†sufferers may become …

The Main Ways Trauma Continues To Ruin Our Lives Long After It’s Over

The effects of trauma, in the absence of effective therapy, can adversely affect our lives for years or even decades (for our WHOLE lifetimes, in fact) after it is over (indeed, the effects of trauma themselves can take years from when the traumatic experience ended to present themselves – in relation to this, you may …