Controlling Emotions : The Emotional Regulation System

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  If, as children, we experienced, significant and protracted trauma we are at increased risk of developing various psychological difficulties as adults, including an increased risk of developing borderline personality disorder (BPD) and complex posttraumatic stress disorder. One of the hallmarks of BPD, as we have also seen from other articles, is that the sufferer …

Narcissism : The Roles Of Nature, Nurture And Culture

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To what degree are narcissists created by their genetic inheritance (nature) and to what degree by the environment in which they grow up (nurture)? The Role Of Nature : According to a leading expert in the field of the study of narcissism, Dr Craig Malkin  (Harvard Medical School), author of the fascinating book The Narcissist …

BPD, Psychodynamic Treatment, The Unconscious And Transference

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Crucial Importance Of First Five Years Of Life: Central to psychodynamic theory, initially developed by Sigmund Freud, is the assertion that events occurring to the child between birth and five years of age have the most vital effect upon his/her psychological development. Safe World Versus Unsafe World: Crucially, according to psychodynamic theory, it is during …

Childhood Psychological Trauma Can Lead To Brain Inflammation

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It has recently been discovered that chronic, unpredictable, psychological stress in early life can lead to inflammation in the brain. This has come as something of a surprise to many researchers as it had previously been believed by most of those working in this recondite field of neurology that such inflammation of the brain had …