Responding and Adjusting to the Effects of Trauma : Five Stages

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    One of the world’s leading experts on the effects of traumatic experience is the psychologist Mardi Horowitz, and it is he who proposed the five-stage model of how we respond and adjust to traumatic experience. The five stages that Horowitz describes are as follows : HOROWITZ’S FIVE STAGE MODEL OF HOW WE RESPOND …

The Effects of Emotionally Distant Parents On The Child.

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Clearly, the child has both physical and emotional needs that the parents have a responsibility to meet. Both are obviously of vital importance. Often, however, a child may be well provided for in a material sense, but utterly deprived of emotional nurturance; this can be regarded as a form of child abuse. This places the …

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Sexuality

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In several of my previous posts on the topic of borderline personality disorder (BPD), I have referred to how those who suffer from this serious condition tend to be highly impulsive, and, as might be anticipated,¬†research now shows that this tendency towards impulsivity is likely to extend into sexual behaviours. Indeed, many empirical studies have …

Signs of Dysfunctional Families

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    It has already been established in other articles that those who grow up in highly dysfunctional families are more likely than others to develop mental illness later in life (for example. borderline personality disorder. But what are the signs and characteristics of a dysfunctional family? I list some key examples below : PARENTAL …

Overcoming Guilt Caused by Childhood Trauma

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If we have been mistreated as children, we may well grow up with a pervasive feeling that we are irredeemably ‘bad’ people (click here to read my article on why this happens). This can lead to what has been termed ‘neurotic guilt’ ; this occurs when we feel a sense of shame about ourselves and …

Childhood Trauma : Coping with Rejection.

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‘We are never so defenceless against suffering as when we love, never so unhelplessly unhappy as when we have lost our loved object or its love’ Sigmund Freud, 1856 – 1939 My mother threw me out of the house when I was thirteen years old, so it was necessary for me to go and live …

Childhood Trauma : Three Key Stages of Recovery.

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¬† Herman’s Three Stages Of Recovery : The psychologist and expert on trauma, Judith Herman, has identified three key stages that it is necessary for those who suffered childhood trauma and subsequently developed complex posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to pass through on our mutual, yet unique, journies to recovery. I have summarized these three stages …

Study Suggesting Meditation More Effective Than Anti-depressants

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Image licensed by Shutterstock.   We have already seen that significant childhood trauma is associated with increased risk of depression in adulthood which by no means is always responsive to anti-depressants. A recent research study, carried out jointly by researchers from the University of Exeter and King’s College, University of London, demonstrated that mindfulness meditation …

Factors that Influence the Severity of Effects of Child Abuse

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    The degree to which a person who suffers abuse during childhood is damaged by the¬†experience will depend upon a number of different factors. Those who research such factors have split them into two groups : 1) RISK FACTORS – these are factors connected to the abuse that are likely to increase the emotional …

Alcoholics, Their Children, Role Reversal And Repetiton Compulsion

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  What Is The Effect Of Alcoholic Parents On Children? Those who grow up in households in which one or both parents are alcoholics almost invariably have to suffer a living environment that is emotionally chaotic. Indeed, the behavior of alcoholic parents towards their children can be terrifying. Furthermore, the alcoholic parent may be in …