We have seen from numerous other articles that I have published on this site that severe and prolonged childhood trauma can lead to the development of complex post traumatic stress disorder, or complex-PTSD, in adulthood (to learn about the difference between post traumatic stress disorder [PTSD] and complex post traumatic stress disorder [Complex-PTSD] read my previously published article here).
And the incidence of CPTSD is increasing. What are the possible reasons for this increase in the prevalence of this very serious psychiatric disorder?
First, it is possible that as the general population and clinicians become more aware of the existence of the disorder and its link to childhood trauma it is becoming increasingly reported and diagnosed. However, there are several other possible explanations and I examine these briefly below :
POSSIBLE REASONS FOR THE INCREASE IN PREVALENCE OF COMPLEX POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (CPTSD) :
1) Growing up in unstable environments :
More and more young people are growing up in unstable environments. Increasing rates of divorce and separation means that a higher and higher number of children and adolescents are growing up in single parent households (to read my article about the possible effects of divorce upon the child, click here).
2) Reduction in social support systems :
Research shows that a lack of social support makes individuals much more vulnerable to the adverse effects of stress. And, today, children tend to have less access to others who could provide them with emotional support than has been the case in the past due to, for example :
- communities that are not as close-knit as in the past
- less contact with wider family (eg aunts, uncles, grandparents) than in the past as wider family members are becoming more geographically dispersed than in past
3) Increase in number of working mothers :
This can lead to infants having inconsistent early care as they me be shuttled around from day-care to nursery care to babysitters and so on possibly leading to a variation in quality of care and less opportunity for the infant to develop his/her bond with the mother
4) Parental preoccupation with their careers :
In a ‘go-getting’ society, in which status and wealth are of fundamental importance to many people, individuals are becoming very driven, even obsessively driven, in connection with their careers, sometimes leading to workaholism; this leaves such persons with less time to interact in any really meaningful way with their offspring or leads to such exhaustion that they simply do not have enough energy left over for such meaningful interactions.
5) Unhelpful effects of media :
Young people are becoming increasingly obsessed with media, such as computer games and so on, which leaves them with less time for psychologically nourishing face-to-face interaction with friends and family.
6) Unhelpful effects of living in consumer society :
Society has become increasingly obsessed with acquiring consumer goods and the accumulation of these is often linked in people’s minds to their ‘status’ and ‘worth as a human being.‘ Such attitudes may lead young people to develop false values which in turn may aggravate psychological problems.
David Hosier BSc Hons; MSc; PGDE(FAHE).Click here for reuse options!
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