A List of All The Main Mental Illnesses

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Since I started this website, I have referred to many different types of psychiatric condition. In this article, as the latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual,or DSM V, as it is known (a manual which lists all currently known psychiatric conditions and their symptoms, a sort of psychiatrist’s ‘bible,’ so as to speak; it is revised every decade), I intend to give a full list of these conditions. Some of the conditions will be familiar, but, in the case of the less common conditions, I briefly define them at the end of this article.

1) PERSONALITY DISORDERS :

These are split up into three clusters, A,B and C:

CLUSTER A (people in this cluster appear odd and eccentric to others)

– paranoid

– schizoid (click here to read my article on this)

– schizotypal (see notes at end of article)

CLUSTER B (people in this cluster dramatic, emotional or erratic)

– antisocial (click here to read my article on this)

– borderline (click here to read my article on this)

– histrionic (click here to read my article on this)

– narcissistic (click here to read my article on this)

CLUSTER C (people in this cluster appear anxious and fearful)

– avoidant (click here to read my article on this)

– dependent (click here to read my article on this)

– obsessive-compulsive (click here to read my article on this)

2) MOOD DISORDERS :

– bipolar disorder (see notes at end of article)

– major depression (click here to read my article on this)

– dysthymia (see notes at end of article)

– premenstrual dysphoric disorder (see notes at end of article)

– disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (can be diagnosed in young people up to the age of eighteen)

3) ANXIETY DISORDERS :

– panic disorder

– agoraphobia

– social phobia (click here to read my article on this)

– simple phobia (see notes at end of article)

– obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

– post-traumatic stress disorder (click here to read my article on this)

– generalized anxiety disorder (see notes at end of article)

4) IMPULSE CONTROL DISORDERS :

– intermittent explosive disorder (click here to read my article on this)

– kleptomania (see notes at end of article)

– pathological gambling

– pyromania (see notes at end of article)

5) DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS (click here to read my article about dissociation) :

– multiple personality disorder

– psychogenic amnesia (see notes at end of article)

6) SEXUAL DISORDERS (also known as paraphilias) :

– exhibitionism

– fetishism

– voyeurism

– paedophilia (see notes at end of article or click here to read my article on this)

– erectile (impotence) disorder

– inhibited orgasm

– premature ejaculation

– sexual masochism (see notes at end of article)

– sexual sadism (see notes at end of article)

7) SLEEP DISORDERS :

– insomnia disorder

– hypersomnia disorder (see notes at end of article)

8) FACTITIOUS DISORDERS (see notes at end of article) :

– with physical symptoms

– with psychological symptoms

9) SCHIZOPHRENIA :

– paranoid (see notes at end of article)

– disorganized, previously known as hebephrenic (see notes at end of article)

– catatonic (see notes at end of article)

– undifferentiated (see notes at end of article)

– residual (see notes at end of article)

10) SOMATOFORM DISORDERS (see notes at end of article) :

– hypochondriasis

– conversion disorder (see notes at end of article)

– somatization disorder (see notes at end of article)

– somatoform pain disorder (see notes at end of article)

NOTES :

Schizotypal personality disorder : similar to schizophrenia – includes eccentric behaviour and anomalies in thinking

Bipolar disorder : a mood disorder. Moods swing between extremes, from severely depressed to manic (feeling very high and behaving hyperactively). There can be periods of relatively normal functioning between episodes. Used to be called manic-depression.

Dysthymia : :long-lasting depression, but the symptoms of the depression are not as severe as they are in the case of major depression

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder :a severe form of premenstrual syndrome

Simple phobia : an extreme and irrational fear of a particular object, activity or situation

Generalized Anxiety Disorder : extreme and uncontrollable worry about everyday things which is far out of proportion to the actual source of the worry.

Kleptomania : the individual is unable to resist the temptation to steal

Pyromania : the individual repeatedly fails to overcome the impulse to start fires

Psychogenic Amnesia :memory loss with no physiological cause but which is, instead, brought on by severe stress (includes ‘fugue state’, in which personal identity is lost for a few hours or days)

Paedophilia : a sexual attraction to prepubescent children. Attraction to adolescents is termed ‘ephebophilia’ ; ephebophilia is NOT classified as a mental disorder.

Sexual sadism : the derivation of sexual pleasure from inflicting pain on others

Sexual masochism : the derivation of sexual pleasure from having pain inflicted upon oneself

Hypersomnia disorder : excessive daytime sleepiness

Factitious disorders : the individual fakes being either physically or mentally ill, without gaining any obvious benefit

Paranoid schizophrenia : the individual has delusions of being persecuted

Disorganized/Hebephrenic schizophrenia :the individual’s speech and behaviour are disorganized and difficult to understand

Catatonic schizophrenia : the individual’s behaviour falls at one or the other end of a behavioural spectrum which involves him/her EITHER being in a coma-like trance OR behaving in a bizarre and hyperactive manner

Undifferentiated schizophrenia : schizophrenic illness which does not clearly fit into any of the above categories

Residual schizophrenia : the individual has a history of schizophrenia but symptoms are reduced

Conversion disorder : psychological distress manifests itself physically eg. inability to swallow, paralysis of a limb. This condition is also known as functional neurological symptom disorder.

Somatization disorder : individuals express their mental distress by complaining about physical problems

Somatoform pain disorder : the individual experiences pain which is severe enough to interfere significantly  with everyday functioning, but there is no physical cause of the pain (ie. it is psychologically generated)

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David Hosier BSc Hons; MSc; PGDE(FAHE).

 

 

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